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        תוצאת חיפוש

        נובמבר 1998
        יונית גולד ושמעון רייף

        Aphthous Stomatitis as a First Manifestation of Crohn's Disease in a Child


        Y. Gold, S. Reif


        Dana Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Medical Center


        The incidence of Crohn's disease has risen dramatically over the past few years. The peak age of onset is in late adolescence, but it rarely occurs in the first few years of life. We describe a 5-year-old boy with recurrent bouts of fever, aphthous stomatitis, and anemia which did not respond to routine antibiotic therapy. It was only after a few months, when the characteristic symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): abdominal pain and diarrhea appeared, that the diagnosis of Crohn's disease was made.

        This case illustrates the difficulty in diagnosing IBD in young children. The presenting symptoms of IBD in children are often nonspecific and extra-intestinal. There is usually a low index of suspicion by the physician as to the possibility of IBD in a young child.

        אוקטובר 1998
        עדנה פינצ'ובר

        Art Therapy for Hospitalized Children (Inspired by Elizabeth Kuebler-Ross's Approach)


        Edna Pinchover*


        Pediatric Wards School, Hadassah Hospital (Ein Karem and Mt. Scopus), Jerusalem


        This paper presents a combined strategy for coping with the emotional condition of hospitalized children, and reports the results of its implementation in pediatric wards. The strategy combines art therapy methods with the spiritual-psychological approach developed by Elizabeth Kuebler-Ross. Art therapy uses art for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes; in this study it was employed to encourage the child-patients to express their feelings, and lead them to processes of understanding of and adjustment to their conditions. Kuebler-Ross' methods, known for dealing with difficult emotional situations at the bedside of the seriously ill, were enlisted to build a relationship of trust and respect between patient and therapist.

        The population dealt with consisted of children (age 3-13) injured in road accidents, and cardiac and oncological cases. 7 case studies are brought to demonstrate the integrated therapeutic process. The process starts from the child-patient's artwork, which allows the therapist better insight into emotional conditions and to relate closely to issues brought up by the work. Through conversation with the therapist in an atmosphere of empathy and honest consideration, the patient becomes aware of her/his reactions, behavior, intentions and ambitions.

        The belief underlying this study is that the patient derives from these contacts new abilities which moderate anxieties and strengthen healthy energies. Better collaboration and sounder ways of coping with intrusive medical treatment, as well as more trust and hope seem to emerge from the relationships created by these contacts.


        * Principal of School.

        מאי 1998
        צבי ויצמן, ילנה ברוטמן, דרורה לידר וחיים זגרמן

        Evaluation of a Local Infant Formula Enriched with Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids


        Zvi Weizman, Elena Brutman, Drora Leader, Chaim Zegerman


        Pediatric Gastroenterology Dept. and Nutrition Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev and Soroka Medical Center, Beer Sheba;

        and Ma'abarot Products Industry, Kibbutz Ma'abarot


        Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are vital for the normal development of the brain and the eye retina in infancy. Breast milk contains significant amounts of PUFA, and compensates for their low production in infancy. Only recently a few companies with worldwide product distribution have started to enrich infant formula with PUFA. We evaluated the safety and clinical efficacy of a locally made PUFA-enriched infant formula, produced for the first time in Israel.

        50 normal, full term infants participated in a prospective, randomized double-blind study. Half received a regular whey-predominant infant formula (Materna Plus), and the other half a PUFA-enriched formula (Materna Premium), both produced in Israel, for 30 days. Evaluation included physical examination, growth parameters, stool analysis, daily parental questionnaires regarding infant behavior and defecation, and developmental assessment.

        There were no significant differences on comparing growth parameters, infant behavior, attacks of restlessness, gas severity, or stool characteristics in the 2 groups. There were no side effects or abnormal stool findings in either group, and no differences in developmental assessment at 3 months of age.

        We conclude that the locally-produced PUFA-enriched infant formula is safe and clinically efficient. We assume that the lack of any effect on developmental indices is due to the relatively short exposure to the PUFA-enriched diet. Nevertheless, based on the recent literature, there is no doubt that PUFA supplementation isvital in improving infant brain and eye development.

        רותי מרגלית-סטשפסקי, אברהם לורבר ואיל מרגלית

        Familial Occurrence of Ebstein Anomaly


        Ruti Margalit-Stashefski, Avraham Lorber, Eyal Margalit


        Family Practice Unit, Kupat Holim Klalit, Haifa, Pediatric Cardiology Unit, Rambam Hospital, Haifa and Ophthalmology Dept., Hadassah--University Hospital, Jerusalem


        Ebstein anomaly is a rare congenital disease which affects location, structure and mobility of the tricuspid valve, and right atrium and ventricle. Although most cases are sporadic, familial occurrence has been reported. We report 2 brothers born with Ebstein anomaly. The parents were first degree cousins and there were 8 other children. 2 daughters were born with other congenital heart anomalies, 1 with ventricular septal defect and the other with severe pulmonary artery stenosis. We suggest that in some families, Ebstein anomaly is an autosomal dominant disease with different expression in the sexes.

        א' הלוי, א' עופר וב' גרטי

        Benign Intracranial Hypertension following Minocyclin


        A. Halevy, I. Offer, B. Garty


        Pediatric Depts. A and B, Schneider Children's Hospital, Petah Tikva and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        A 15-year-old girl, who had been treated with minocyclin for acne for 2 months, was admitted for investigation of headache, nausea and papilledema. A space-occupying lesion was ruled out by computerized brain tomography. The diagnosis of benign intracranial pressure (pseudo-tumor cerebri) was made because of elevated cerebrospinal fluid pressure with normal biochemistry and cytology. Tetracyclines, especially minocyclin, commonly used for treating acne in adolescents, can cause benign intracranial pressure.

        אפריל 1998
        חיים ביבי, ג'מאל מחמיד, דויד שוסיוב, מיכאל ארמוני, צביקה ליס, שלמה פולק ומנחם שלזינגר

        Fatal Asthma in Children: Preventable?


        Haim Bibi, Jamal Mahamid, David Shoseyov, Michael Armoni, Zvika Liss, Menachem Schlesinger


        Pediatrics Dept., Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon (Affiliated with the Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev); Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Bikur Holim Hospital, Jerusalem, and Kupat Holim Klalit, Darom District


        Sudden death from asthma is rare but occurs in the young age group. We recently faced this rare situation, when 3 asthmatic children were dead on arrival at the local emergency room. All 3 had been treated with beta-2 agonist inhalation on a regular basis, without anti-inflammatory treatment. 2 of the children died while inhaling the beta-2 agonist. It is important that there be clear guidelines and full education about the management of asthma, during and between exacerbations, to prevent such deaths.

        גלית בן אמיתי, יורם נבו, דבורה ליברמן, רוברטו מסטר ושאול הראל

        Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in Children


        G. Ben-Amitay, Y. Nevo, D. Lieberman, R. Mester, S. Harel


        Ness Ziona Mental Health Center, Institute for Child Development and Pediatric Neurology Unit, Tel Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, and Tel Aviv University Medical School


        Cyclic vomiting syndrome in children is a manifestation of various etiologies, including gastroenterological and renal disorders, central and autonomic nervous system abnormalities, as well as metabolic and endocrine dysfunction. Frequently no organic cause is found. Personality profiles of children with cyclic vomiting reveal perfectionism, competitiveness, and aggressive behavior. Vomiting attacks have been induced by anxiety and excitement in patients with cyclic vomiting. We describe an 8-year-old girl with cyclic vomiting, frequently associated with occipital headaches, photophobia or dizziness. Psychiatric evaluation indicated a generalized anxiety disorder.

        מרץ 1998
        יורם שיר, ויקטור שולזון וגילה חזן

        Treating Hospitalized Children in Severe Pain with Oral Methadone


        Yoram Shir, Victor Shvelzon, Gila Rosen


        Pain Treatment Service, Dept. of Anesthesiology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem


        Pain relief is usually inadequate in hospitalized patients, especially in children, either after surgery or with various medical conditions. Among other reasons, this is due to suboptimal use of available analgesic drugs. In the past 2 years oral methadone has become our opioid of choice for severe pain in hospitalized children who can take oral medication. More than 70 babies and children, aged 8 months to 9 years, who suffered mainly from pain due to burns or cancer, were treated by the in-hospital pain service. They received 0.1% methadone syrup, 0.2-0.4 mg/kg/day, for from a few days to more than a month. In most there was significant pain relief with no serious side-effects. In some, treatment could be changed to parent-controlled analgesia after a few days, with no adverse effects. We describe 5 of the children who present the advantages of oral methadone over other opioids.

        ינואר 1998
        מירית הרשמן-סרפוב, אורורה טובי, יצחק סרוגו ודוד בדר

        Fungus-Ball in a Preterm Infant Successfully Treated with Fluconazole


        Mirit Hershman-Sarafov, Orora Tubi, Isaac Srugo, David Bader


        Neonatal and Radiology Depts., and Microbiology Laboratory, Bnai-Zion Medical Center and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa


        Very-low-birth-weight premature infants are at high risk for invasive candidiasis. The most commonly involved organ is the kidney. Renal candidiasis may present as fungus-ball obstructive uropathy. We describe unilateral renal obstruction secondary to fungus-ball in a premature infant. Noninvasive, systemic antibiotic treatment, including amphotericin B and fluconazole, resulted in disappearance of the finding.

        מרץ 1997
        חיים ביבי, דויד שוסייב, מיכאל ארמוני, מלי אוהלי, שלמה פולק ומנחם שלזינגר

        Pediatric Flexible Bronchoscopy


        Haim Bibi, David Shoseyov, Michael Armoni, Melly Ohali, Shlomo Pollak, Menachem Schlesinger


        Pediatric Dept., Pediatric Emergency Room, Pediatric Day Care Hospital and Immunology and Clinical Allergy Unit, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon; and Bikur Holim Hospital, Jerusalem (Affiliated with the Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)


        Between 1993-1996, 200 pediatric flexible bronchoscopies were performed. Indications were: chronic cough (158 children), persistent pulmonary infiltrates (89), recurrent stridor (28), suspected tracheobronchial foreign body (20), suspected tuberculosis (17) and hemoptysis (3). Some children had more than 1 indication. 124 patients were boys (mean 4.18+2.86 years; range 1 month-15 years) and 76 were girls (mean 4.39+2.7 years; range 4 months-15 years). The procedure included direct vision recorded by video-camera and broncho-alveolar lavage; the lavage fluid was sent for culture, Gram and Ziehl-Nielsen stains and for cytology. There were a few minor side effects: mild stridor which resolved within a few hours (10 children) and transient fever (3). This simple, flexible instrument was effective and helpful in the diagnosis and treatment of children with respiratory symptoms in a secondary hospital facility.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303