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        תוצאת חיפוש

        יוני 1999

        גיאורגי אידלזון, יאיר לוי ויהודה שינפלד
        עמ'

        Relapse of Sarcoidosis after Alternative Medical Treatment

         

        Georgy Edelson, Yair Levy, Yehuda Shoenfeld

         

        Dept. of Medicine B, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Reference to alternative medicine frequently appears in newspaper headlines, advertisements and in articles in medical journals. The practice of alternative medicine has increased, even as the number of critical articles warning of deleterious effects have also increased. Public demand is strong and growing, but there are no clear rules as to what is not permissible, particularly when treatment is not by qualified physicians. There are still no clear indications and contra-indications for complementary (not alternative) medicine in patients with organic injuries and life-threatening conditions. However, it is obvious that in these patients complementary medicine should not be substituted for conventional therapy.

         

        We present a 32-year-old man with sarcoidosis who discontinued conventional therapy on his own initiative and began alternative medicine (homeopathy) with subsequent deterioration in his condition. He was hospitalized for a relapse of his sarcoidosis which required large doses of corticosteroids.

        אפריל 1999

        רמי קנטור, רחל פאוזנר, לנה פלי וצבי פרפל
        עמ'

        High Alkaline Phosphatase in Subacute Thyroiditis

         

        Rami Kantor, Rachel Pauzner, Elena Pali, Zvi Farfel

         

        Dept. of Internal Medicine E, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Subacute thyroiditis may be hard to diagnose, therefore patients are sometimes misdiagnosed and subjected to unnecessary work-up. We report a 37-year-old man with subacute thyroiditis and a high concentration of serum alkaline phosphatase. After aspirin treatment there was clinical improvement and decrease in rapid ESR, and in high serum thyroxin and alkaline phosphatase. The increased alkaline phosphatase, seen in as many as 50% of patients, is of hepatic origin, and is not caused by high serum thyroxin. Awareness of this relationship may help in diagnosis and may prevent unnecessary diagnostic procedures, which may be invasive.

        דינה לב, סובחי אבו-עאיד, מרדכי גוטמן, יורם קלוגר, משה מיכוביץ, יצחק מלר, משה ענבר ויוסף קלאוזנר
        עמ'

        Treatment of Retroperitoneal Sarcoma

         

        Dina Lev-Chelouche, Subhi Abu-Abeid, Mordechai Gutman, Yoram Kluger, Moshe Michovitch, Isaac Meller, Moshe Inbar, Joseph M. Klausner

         

        Depts. of Surgery B, Orthopedic Oncology and Oncology, Tel Aviv - Sourasky Medical Center (Affiliated with Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University)

         

        Soft tissue sarcomas are exceedingly rare, making up less than 1% of all solid malignancies. In the retroperitoneum, they tend to be large when diagnosed and are a therapeutic challenge to the surgical oncologist. Our experience with 51 patients with retroperitoneal sarcomas operated on during the past 4 years is presented. 37 were primary and 26 presented as recurrent tumors. The group included many different histological sub-types, the majority being high grade tumors.

        Complete resection was achieved in 84%, necessitating extensive surgery, but was not possible in 8 patients (16%) who underwent partial resection or biopsy only. There was 1 perioperative fatality (2%). 18 (35%) suffered complications, all of which were reversible. The estimated 5-year survival in the complete resection group is 40%, while none of those who underwent partial resection survived more than 2 years. There was significantly better survival in patients with primary, low grade sarcomas which were smaller than 8 cm, compared to those with high-grade, recurrent sarcomas larger than 8 cm. Local recurrence developed in 8 patients of the complete resection group (18%), 2 months to 3 years after surgery.

        These data show that despite the concept of retroperitoneal sarcomas as being aggressive, invasive tumors with a poor prognosis, the prognosis is not unusually bad. With proper surgical technique, resectability may be high, with improved overall survival.

        עמוס פייזר, שלמה פורת, טלי ששון, יעקב אפלבוים, יעקב בר-זיו וארוין שוכר
        עמ'

        CT-Guided Excision of Osteoid Osteoma

         

        A. Peyser, S. Porat, T. Sasson, J. Apelbaum, J. Bar-Ziv, E. Sucher

         

        Orthopedic Surgery and Radiology Depts., Hadassah University Hospital, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem

         

        CT-guided excision of osteoid osteoma is a new surgical technique that enables accurate resection of the nidus during 1-day hospitalization. We present 5-year results in 42 patients (26 males and 16 females, mean age 18 years, range 3-46). In 40 out of 42, complaints disappeared immediately after the procedure. The recovery period was short and the return to normal activity was faster than in the open surgical approach. Complications were minimal and transient.

        מרץ 1999

        רסמי מג'אדלה, פלטיאל וינר ויוסף ויצמן
        עמ'

        A-V Junctional Arrhythmia Due to Oral Phenytoin Intoxication

         

        Rasmi Magadle, Paltiel Weiner, Joseph Waizman

         

        Dept. of Medicine A, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera

         

        Phenytoin (Dilantin) is the drug of choice for most of the convulsive disorders. However, even when given orally it causes many adverse reactions, mainly affecting the nervous system, both central and peripheral. When administered intravenously, severe cardiovascular reactions may occur, including conduction disorders, sinus arrest, atrioventricular block or hypotension.

        Medline screening did not reveal previous reports of arrhythmias induced by oral phenytoin. We present a case in which oral phenytoin administered chronically for a convulsive disorder caused atrioventricular junctional arrhythmia.

        שוקי לשם, חוה טבנקין, אילן דן ועדה תמיר
        עמ'

        Knowledge and Practice of Primary Care Physicians Relating to Streptococcal Pharyngitis

         

        S. Leshem, H. Tabenkin, E. Dan, A. Tamir

         

        Family Medicine Dept., Emek Medical Center and Northern District of Kupat Holim; and Northern Branch of Specialization Institute, Faculty of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Knowledge and practice of primary care physicians as to diagnosis and treatment of group A, b-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis, and the degree to which they agreed with the medical literature and current clinical guidelines were examined. The study was conducted in a group of 195 general physicians, pediatricians, and family medicine specialists and residents. The data were collected using questionnaires which included personal information and questions relating to b-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis and were analyzed by chi-square and t-tests, and logistic regression, as appropriate. A new dependent variable, good clinical practice (GCP), was defined as the total number of correct answers to the questions in the questionnaire. 147 of the 195 eligible physicians returned completed questionnaires, a compliance rate of 76%.

        96.6% cited pV as the drug of choice at a daily dosage of 1 g (43.7%) or 2 g (25.4%), for 10 days (90%). 133 physicians (90%) stated that the goal of penicillin therapy for beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis is to prevent late complications. 116 physicians (82%) cited rheumatic fever as a complication of group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis, preventable by appropriate antibiotic therapy. However, only 84 (59%) cited glomerulonephritis as a preventable complication.

        When the knowledge and attitudes of the respondents was analyzed in terms of the new variable, GCP, a significant association (p<0.001) was found between physicians’ attitudes and variables such as where they had studied medicine, and work seniority. Those with less seniority and or medical graduates of the Americas demonstrated greater knowledge and better clinical judgment than their more senior colleagues and graduates of European and Asian medical schools. Most primary care physicians in northern Israel treat group A b-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis as recommended in the medical literature.

        The level of medical studies in Israel and the Americas and the quality of training of residents in family medicine and pediatrics, have a positive influence on the degree of knowledge of as common a subject as b-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis. Emphasis should be placed on continuing medical education among primary care physicians, particularly veteran general physicians and those who studied in European or Asian medical schools.

        גרשון וולפין, ראיק סעיד, וליד סמרי, ברנרד גרימברג ומשה דניאל
        עמ'

        Nerve Palsies Following Prolonged Use of Limb Tourniquets

         

        G. Volpin, R. Said, W. Simri, B. Grimberg, M. Daniel

         

        Depts. of Orthopedic Surgery and Neurology, Western Galilee Hospital, Nahariya

         

        Nerve paralysis following the use of tourniquets, regular or pneumatic, for limb surgery is rare. We describe a 19-year-old male soldier who had tourniquets applied for 3 1/4 hours to his arm and both legs due to penetrating injuries. As a result, he suffered palsy of the radial nerve and both common peroneal nerves. Nerve palsy in such cases has not been described in the literature. It is not clear whether the cause is direct mechanical pressure on the nerve, nerve ischemia, or a combination of both.

        We recommend that tourniquets should not be used continuously for more than 2 hours. If evacuation of the injured is delayed, the medical team should consider loosening tourniquets for short intervals or changing for a pressure bandage. This is providing the patient's condition is stable and bleeding does not start again on release of the tourniquet.

        פברואר 1999

        אורנית ינאי ויהודה היס
        עמ'

        Cocaine "Mules"

         

        Ornit Yanai, Jehuda Hiss

         

        L. Greenberg Institute of Forensic Medicine, Tel Aviv (Affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University)

         

        We present 2 cases of "body-packer" syndrome (BPS) in which the "mules" carrying the packages of narcotics arrived at Ben-Gurion Airport presented symptoms of acute cocaine intoxication due to the bursting of packages of narcotics they were transporting within their gastro-intestinal systems.

        Acute cocaine overdose due to sudden massive release of the drug into the digestive system in BPS, may cause psychosis, convulsions and eventually death. Blood levels of cocaine between 0.25 and 5 mcg/ml are toxic and occasionally lethal. When a package bursts within the digestive tract of a smuggler or blocks the intestines, an immediate laparotomy is necessary to evacuate the "ovules" and the remains of the drug from stomach and intestines. Patients merely suspected of being body packers can be diagnosed by physical examination and by means of various imaging methods. They can be conservatively treated with fluids and mild laxatives and kept under close supervision until the remaining packages are naturally discharged.

        Sudden onset of psychotic behavior in travelers from South America or other drug-producing countries should raise suspicion of body-packer syndrome. The relevant authorities should therefore be aware of the symptoms and consider their potentially dangerous outcome.

        ינואר 1999

        ערן תמיר, יגאל מירובסקי ונחום הלפרין
        עמ'

        Epidural Spinal Abscess

         

        E. Tamir, Y. Mirovsky, N. Halperin

         

        Orthopedics Dept., Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin

         

        A 42-year-old man was admitted for fever and severe low back pain radiating to both legs. On MRI, an epidural spinal abscess from S1 to D10 was seen. Treatment included laminectomy, drainage of the abscess and antibiotics. Recovery was complete without neurological damage. Increased awareness of this disease may lead to diagnosis and treatment.

        אהוד לבל ומנחם יצחקי
        עמ'

        Lymphoma of the Knee Joint Simulating Patellar Fracture

         

        E. Lebel, M. Itzchaki

         

        Orthopedics Dept., Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem

         

        Fracture of the patella is not uncommon after direct anterior knee trauma. However, there are other medical situations that resemble it radiologicaly. We present a patient mistakenly diagnosed as having a patellar fracture who had primary, solitary, malignant B-cell lymphoma of the knee space eroding the lower pole of the patella. We have found no reports of such a lesion in the literature. Another commbenign condition that might erode adjacent bone is chronic synovitis. Our patient was treated withchemo- and radiotherapy and the lesion fully regressed with no evidence of local or systemic recurrence 1.5 years after diagnosis.
         

        דצמבר 1998

        יהודה לימוני ופסח שוורצמן
        עמ'

        Influence of Warning Labels on Medicines and Physicians' Orders on Patient Behavior

         

        Yehuda Limony, Pesah Shwarzman

         

        Child Health Center of Kupat Holim Klalit, Kiryat Gat and Dept. of Family Medicine, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Compliance of 40 mothers with a warning label, "for external use," on a medicine package was checked in a survey in a primary care clinic for children. We also checked parents' attitudes to giving a medicine to their child when instructions given by the physician or by a friend contradicted the printed warning on the label. All mothers who were told that the medicine was recommended by their physicians accepted the recommendation without hesitation. Another group included 20 mothers who were told that the medicine was recommended by a friend. 9 of 20 mothers in this group refused to use the medicine. Talking with the nurse about the potential risk of medicine in general, some mothers, after second thought, refused to give the medicine to their child. At the end, 65% of recommendations made by a friend were rejected by mothers as compared to only 15% of the physicians' recommendations.

         

        35 of 40 mothers (87%) understood the meaning of the warning label, but only 13 (32%) had noticed it at all. We conclude that patients may accept their physicians' recommendation to use a medicine despite a contradictory warning label much more readily than when it was recommended by a friend. Therefore, any intervention program intended to promote a more cautious use of medicines should include not only the explanations of the various warning labels but should also promote a change in the patient's behavior to a more active search for warning labels.

        אליעזר אלקלעי, דניאל יפה וצבי שפינדל
        עמ'

        Radiologic Appearance of "Falling Gallstones" during Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

         

        E. Alkalay, D. Yaffe, Z. Spindel

         

        Eyn Vered Clinic and Depts. of Radiology and Surgery, Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the "gold standard" in treating cholelithiasis. Stones are frequently lost in the peritoneal cavity during the procedure, but "missing stones" have been regarded as insignificant. However, there is accumulating evidence that untreated "lost" stones may cause complications even years after operation.

         

        We present a 65-year-old woman who presented with vague complaints, anemia and an elevated ESR. CT scan showed an infiltrating process in extra-abdominal muscles compatible with sarcoma. At operation, 2.5 years after previous laparoscopic cholecystectomy, an abscess was found which contained biliary stones. Because of their small size they were not visible on CT scan. We discuss the possible ways of handling "falling stones."

        נובמבר 1998

        ישראל דודקביץ, משה סלעי ואהרון צ'צ'יק
        עמ'

        Concept Management in Penetration of Unusually Shaped Foreign Bodies into Extremities

         

        I. Dudkiewicz, M. Salai, A. Chechik

         

        Orthopedic Dept., Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        During routine emergency room work penetration by foreign objects is frequently encountered, some of which may be very irregular in shape. These may cause further damage if inappropriately removed. It is important to perform a proper X-ray survey.

        ספטמבר 1998

        משה ויסברוט, גד ולן ודוד הנדל
        עמ'

        Rupture of Pectoralis Major Muscle: Operative Treatment of an Uncommon Sport Injury

         

        Moshe Weisbort, Gad J. Velan, David Hendel

         

        Orthopedics Dept., Rabin Medical Center (Golda Campus), Petah Tikva

         

        Rupture of the pectoralis major muscle in an athlete is rare, but is said to be common in weight lifters. The muscle usually ruptures at the musculotendinous junction during forceful contraction of the muscle in adduction, forward flexion and internal rotation of the arm. We describe an athlete who suffered such a major tear during a rugby game. It was treated surgically and after adequate rehabilitation, athletic activities were resumed.

        אוגוסט 1998

        סורין דניאל יורדאש, אהוד ראט, דן עטר ואלכס וינדזברג
        עמ'

        Vacuum Phenomenon in the Hip Joint: Diagnostic Value

         

        S. Iordache, E. Rath, D. Atar, A. Vindzberg

         

        Orthopedics Dept., Soroka Medical Center, Beer Sheba

         

        Vacuum phenomenon is well known in degenerative spinal disease in the elderly, but is seldom seen in other joints, especially in children. The phenomenon does not represent a pathological finding, and can be used for imaging of the articular facets, mainly in the hip and knee joints. We report a patient with this phenomenon in the hip joint.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
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