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        תוצאת חיפוש

        אוקטובר 1997
        י' פיקל, י' גלפנד וב' מילר

        Occupational Accidents and Eye Injuries

         

        Joseph Pikkel, Yuval Gelfand, Benjamin Miller

         

        Ophthalmology Dept., Rambam Medical Center and Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa

         

        To determine the prevalence of occupation-related eye injuries, we analyzed the records of 24,632 patients treated at our emergency surgical department over a 3-year period. Occupational accidents accounted for 17.6% of such cases. A third of them (1374 patients) were referred to the ophthalmic emergency room for further examination. In 89% (1223) of these, at least 1 pathological ocular finding was detected, and 8.3% (114) of them were hospitalized. Penetrating eye injuries were found in 5.2%(72). The commonest eye injury was corneal foreign body found in 42.8%.

        יורם זולברג ומיכאל בלקין

        Advances in Ophthalmological Photodynamic Therapy

         

        Yoram Solberg, Michael Belkin

         

        Goldschleger Eye Research Institute, Tel Aviv University and Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

         

        Photodynamic therapy is a new experimental therapeutic technique which is attracting increasing attention. Its biopharmacological basis of action is the specific interaction of a photosensitizing compound with the cellular elements of pathological lesions. The photosensitizer is thought to enter specifically into the pathologic cells, where it accumulates. The lesion is then irradiated with a sensitizing laser-beam of specific wave-length to activate the photosensitizer, which then becomes a generator of free oxygen radicals. These radicals destroy the sensitizer-harboring pathological cells. The advantage of specifically destroying pathological lesions without affecting surrounding normal tissue is obvious. Recently, many experimental studies have been conducted to test the usefulness of photodynamic therapy for ocular disorders, mainly advanced age-related macular degeneration and uveal melanoma. Results so far are encouraging.

        ר' פלד, ש' שרף, צ' מלמד, י' ארבלי, נ' סטרכילביץ וד' בנאיש

        Improvement in Health Profile of Pregnant Ethiopian Immigrants

         

        R. Peled, S. Scharf, Z. Melamed, Y. Arbeli, N. Strachilevitch, D. Benyaish

         

        Epidemiology Unit, Public Health Dept., Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon

         

        There are about 6500 births yearly in the Ashkelon District. 6% of the mothers are Ethiopians, most of whom immigrated to Israel since the early 90's. Our data are from 3 sources: birth certificates, infant death certificates, and the national population register. Birth rates in single mothers and rates of low-birth-weight births have declined over the years. Infant mortality and still-birth rates have also shown remarkable and consistent declines between 1990-1995. We conclude that improvement in life conditions of Ethiopian immigrants and better use of health services have had a great impact on birth outcomes and pregnancy patterns. The gap between Ethiopian immigrants and other Jewish communities in Israel is closing fast.

        איתמר גרוטו, יוסי מנדל, יצחק אשכנזי ויהושע שמר

        Epidemiological Characteristics of Outbreaks of Diarrhea and Food Poisoning in the Israel Defense Forces

         

        I. Grotto, Y. Mandel, I. Ashkenazi, J. Shemer

         

        Army Health Branch, IDF Medical Corps and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Acute infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and food poisoning are problems of great importance in the Israel Defense Force (IDF). They involve individual and epidemic morbidity, with impairment of health of individual soldiers and in the activities of units. Outbreaks of gastrointestinal infectious diseases must be reported to the IDF army health branch, which conducts epidemiological investigation. This study is based on data from yearly epidemiological reports for 1978-1989, and from a computerized database for the years 1990-1995. The incidence of outbreaks is characterized by an unstable trend, It was highest at the end of the 80's (68.3 per 100,000 soldiers on active duty) and lowest for the last 2 years (1994-1995, 36.3 per 100,000). The incidence of soldiers involved in food-borne outbreaks has been more stable, constantly declining during the course of the years. There was marked seasonality with a peak in the summer months. Sporadic morbidity was constant in 1990-1995, with a yearly attack rate of 60% in soldiers on active duty. Shigella strains were the leading cause of outbreaks until 1993, while in 1994-1995 their proportion decreased, with an increase in the proportion of Salmonella strains. As to Staphylococcus aureus, its role in causing food poisoning has been characterized by marked changes. Shigella sonnei replaced Shigella flexneri as the leading strain. 73.3% of outbreaks were small, with fewer than 40 soldiers involved, while 5.4% of outbreaks affected more than 100 soldiers. Outbreaks in which a bacterial agent was identified or which occurred in new-recruit bases were larger than those in which a bacterial agent was not identified, or which occurred in active field unit bases. In conclusion, the rates of infectious disease of the gastrointestinal tract are still high, although there has been a marked decrease since 1994. The incidence of outbreaks has also decreased, as well as the role of Shigella as a leading causative agent.

        שיינקה אלפסה, רויטל רונן, חיים רינג, אאידה דיניה, עדה תמיר וראובן אלדר

        Quality of Life in Younger Adults after First Stroke

         

        Shenka Alfassa, Revital Ronen, Haim Ring, Aida Dynia, Ada Tamir, Reuben Eldar

         

        Fleischman Unit for Study of Disability, Neurological Ward, Loewenstein Hospital, Ra'anana

         

        To study the effect of stroke on the quality of life in younger adults, 199 patients 17-49 years of age who had sustained a first stroke between 1.11.92 and 31.10.93 were followed up. They were interviewed by telephone at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after the event. 2 died during the first year of follow-up, and 8 had recurrent strokes. After 2 years, 8 additional patients had died and 4 had sustained recurrent events. Gradual improvement was reported within all age groups and in all areas. During the 3-6 months period, a mean of 4% improvement occurred in functional capability, 15% in social and recreational activity and 8% in return-to-work. The 6-12 month period showed an increase of 3% in improvement in mean functional capability, 10% in social and recreational activity and 2% in return-to-work. 1 year after the stroke 27% remained with moderate to severe disability, but over 86% were functionally independent in their daily living activities. There were no significant changes during the second year of follow-up in these statistics. 67% of those employed prior to their stroke returned to work and approximately 70% reported a return to prestroke social and recreational activity. These results demonstrate that the relatively high recovery rate and functional improvement during a year of follow-up were not accompanied by similar rates of improvement in emplyment and in social integration. They indicate the need for increased emphasis on long-term psychosocial rehabilitation services within the community.

        ספטמבר 1997
        שושנה וייס

        Urgent Need for Prevention of Alcohol Drinking among Arab Youth

         

        Shoshana Weiss

         

        Dept. of Prevention, Israel Society for the Prevention of Alcoholism

         

        A study was conducted in the winter of 1996 among 2,220 Arab adolescents in northern Israel. This fourth study among Arab youth dealt with frequency of drinking and amounts of alcohol drunk during a drinking bout. Among Christian, Druze and Moslem males there were 81.72%, 49.61% and 31.93%, respectively, who drank. The figures for females were 36.75%, 11.25% and 12.78%. About 4% of Moslem males drank 5 drinks or more consecutively, daily or every 2-3 days. The need for preventive efforts in the Arab sector is stressed.

        עצמון צור וראדי שאהין

        Suprascapular Nerve Entrapment in a Basketball Player

         

        Atzmon Tsur, Radi Shahin

         

        Rehabilitation Unit and Dept. of Neurology, Western Galilee Hospital, Nahariya

         

        A basketball player was shown to have a suprascapular nerve lesion without any history of shoulder girdle trauma. This acute neuropathy, never previously described in basketball players, is a result of repeated micro-trauma, due to nerve traction over the coracoid notch during violent movement ("dunking" most probably). Clinically, he was unable to abduct his arm and had some difficulty in external rotation. He developed atrophy in both the supra- and the infraspinatus muscles. Nerve conduction latency to the supraspinatus muscle was 8.0 ms, and to the infraspinatus, 8.5 ms. The compound muscle action potential registered in the supraspinatus was 1.224 mV, and in the infraspinatus, 1.237 mV. After 3 weeks of inactivity, recovery was spontaneous and practically complete.

        יצחק (צחי) בן-ציון, קירה לוין ואשר שיבר

        Capgras' Syndrome

         

        I. Z. Ben-Zion, K. Levine, A. Shiber

         

        Psychiatry Dept., Soroka Medical Center and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        We present 3 cases of Capgras' syndrome- a delusional disorder in which the patient believes that 1 (or more) of his acquaintances has been replaced by an imposter who appears as a double. 2 were schizophrenics and 1 had depression with psychotic features. This syndrome is rare in our practice, but we do not know if this is due to lack of awareness of the condition, or to the possibility that it is a culture-related syndrome. We suggest that although the syndrome has lost some of it's significance, it is still worth making the diagnosis because of the medical and psychological implications this condition carries.

        א' רקייר, ג' סוירי, מ' פיינסוד

        An Achondroplastic Dwarf with Paraplegia

         

        A. Rakier, G. Sviri, M. Feinsod

         

        Dept. of Neurosurgery, Rambam (Maimonides) Medical Center, Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

         

        A 30-year-old female achondroplastic dwarf developed a progressive gait disturbance erroneously attributed to her hydrocephalus and deformities of both legs. Her condition deteriorated into flaccid paraplegia with anal and urinary incontinence. CT revealed extreme spinal stenosis typical in achondroplasia (shallow vertebbody, short pedicles, and hypertrophy of intervertebral joints) together with disc protrusions. Wide laminectomy of the lumbar vertebrae resulted in complete amelioration of all the neurological deficits. Progressive paraplegia is a rare complication of achondroplasia; its early recognition and surgical treatment is very rewarding.

        דן צרור, עודד זמיר, רפאל יודסין, עמוס פרומן, תניר אלוייס והרברט ר' פרוינד

        Nissen Fundoplication by Laparoscopy

         

        Dan Seror, Oded Zamir, Raphael Udassin, Amos Vromen, Tanir M. Allweis, Herbert R. Freund

         

        Depts. of Surgery and Pediatric Surgery, Hadassah-University Hospital, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem

         

        Short term results following laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication were evaluated in 31 patients with symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux. 6 were females and 26 males, and they ranged in age from 5 months to 64 years (mean: 4.9 years in 19 younger than 18 years, and 39.3 years in 12 adults). Most of the adults who complained of pain and heartburn underwent pH monitoring, endoscopy, and manometry as needed. Milk scan was the most useful diagnostic tool for the evaluation of the children, who suffered mainly from gastroesophageal-related pulmonary disease. Indications for laparoscopic operation were identical with those for conventional open Nissen fundoplication. 1 case of dysautonomia died postoperatively; the rate of complications, mostly minor, was 22.5%. 3 patients required conversion to open Nissen fundoplication due to cardiorespiratory instability secondary to pneumothorax in 2, and to esophageal perforation in the third. 5 adults developed temporary dysphagia. 3 children had only partial improvement in their pulmonary disease following the operation, while the other 15 had complete relief. The total time for the laparoscopic operation averaged 245 minutes in adults, and 228 in children. Discharge was usually on the fourth postoperative day in adults (mean: 6.0 days). Regurgitation and heartburn were cured in 10 out of 11 adults (91%). All parents of children were satisfied. Symptomatic outcomes following laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication compare favorably with those of open surgery with respect to mortality, complications, and outcome.

        סווטלנה ברזובסקי וארנולד רוזין

        Should Physical Restraints be used in an Acute Geriatric Ward?

         

        Svetlana Barazovski, Arnold Rosin

         

        Geriatric Dept., Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem

         

        A prospective study was carried out in an acute geriatric ward to determine the incidence of the use of physical restraints, the reasons for using them and the consequences. Over a period of 8 months an independent observer documented all cases in which a restraint was used and followed them until it was removed. A questionnaire was submitted to the nurses as to why they applied the restraints. 16% of patients had some form of restraint applied, in 2/3 of them for up to half of their stay in the ward. In over 90% of those restrained, functional (Barthel) and cognitive (mini-mental) scores were between 0-5. In unrestrained patients, the functional score was 0-5 in 79% and the cognitive score 0-5 in 72%. The main reason for applying restraints, usually sheets or body binders, was to prevent the patient from falling out of, or slipping from chairs, rather than to stop them from rising out of them. Other important reasons, which overlapped, were to prevent the patient from interfering with nasogastric tubes, catheters, and IV cannulas, each in 1/3 of the group. Restraints were discarded when deterioration did not allow the patient to sit out of bed, to decrease agitation, to allow enteral or parenteral treatment, and in 12%, when there was supervision by the family. Of 33 families interviewed, none opposed application of restraints, and most left the decision to the responsible ward staff. We conclude that restraints cannot be avoided in some acutely ill, old patients with severe physical and mental dysfunction. However, ways should be sought to minimize their use, as recommended in the literature, by demanding from the staff a specific reason, signed agreement of a physician, close follow-up, and favorable environmental conditions such as suitable chairs, occupational activity, and staff cooperation in removing the restraints.

        ד' גוטליב, מ' קפניס, א' סיסטר, נ' לפקין, ו' מדבדב וש' בריל

        Hospitalization of the Elderly for Stroke Rehabilitation

         

        D. Gottlieb, M. Kipnis, E. Sister, N. Lipkin, M. Medvedev, S. Brill

         

        Stroke Rehabilitation Unit, Neurogeriatric Dept., Beit Rivka Geriatric Hospital, Petah Tikva

         

        This is a descriptive, longitudinal study of 400 elderly patients admitted for stroke rehabilitation to a geriatric department dedicated to this purpose. We present the demographic, medical, and impairment and disability characteristics on admission, and the outcome of rehabilitation. Mean stay was 54 days and 2/3 became independent and returned home. Functional score on admission was the best predictor of outcome, but age and social support were also significant.

        עודד זמיר, מרים בן הרוש, דן צרור והרברט ר' פרוינד

        Thoracoscopic Biopsy of Pulmonary Lesions in Nonpulmonary Malignancy following Chemotherapy

         

        Oded Zamir, Myriam Weyl Ben-Arush, Dan Seror, Herbert R. Freund

         

        Surgical Dept., Hadassah-University Hospital, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem and Miri Shitrit Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

         

        The appearance of focal pulmonary lesions in a patient with a nonpulmonary malignancy is worrisome. Apart from metastasis, the differential diagnosis includes benign conditions such as infectious and granulomatous diseases, enlarged lymph nodes, atelectasis, radiation pneumonitis, and bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia (BOOP). CT-guided needle biopsy is not always diagnostic and may not be feasible in very small lesions. Since open lung biopsy is associated with considerable morbidity, many physicians tend to postpone tissue diagnosis for a few weeks and perform a biopsy only if repeat chest CT scans show increase in size or number of the lesions. This approach may lead to undesirable delay of appropriate treatment. We report video-assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsy in 7 patients with nonpulmonary malignancy who developed lung lesions following chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Histological examination proved metastatic lesions in only 2. There were no operative complications and recovery was rapid and smooth in all patients. Thoracoscopic lung biopsy is an effective, minimally invasive diagnostic tool that obviates the need for thoracotomy in these patients.

        ירון שפירא, רפאל הירש, רות יורטנר, משה ניל"י, ברנרדו וידנה, אליק שגיא

        Prosthetic Heart Valve Thrombosis: A 3-Year Experience

         

        Yaron Shapira, Rafael Hirsch, Ruth Jortner, Moshe Nili, Bernardo Vidne, Alex Sagie

         

        Sheingarten Echocardiography Unit and Cardiology Dept., Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), Petah Tikva and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        A series of 12 patients with 16 episodes of prosthetic heart-valve thrombosis over 3 years is presented. Most episodes affected mitral or tricuspid bileaflet prostheses. All patients were inadequately anticoagulated at the time of thrombosis. The clinical presentation was acute and severe in 6 patients, and subacute or chronic in the rest. Physical examination was suggestive of stuck valves in most cases. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed increased transvalvular gradients in most. However, clearer evidence of valve thrombosis was obtained from transesophageal echocardiography or fluoroscopy. 9 patients eventually had their valves re-replaced successfully, and the preoperative diagnosis was confirmed in all. 5 patients were operated as soon as the diagnosis was established, and an additional 4 were operated after failure of anticoagulation. In 4 patients the valve leaflets became completely mobile after a course of thrombolysis. Prosthetic valve thrombosis is a severe and potentially fatal complication in patients with mechanical heart valves. Alertness of physicians at all levels- the general practitioner, the internist and the cardiologist- to the possibility of valve thrombosis and to its clinical presentation may lead to prompt and earlier diagnosis and to comprehensive therapy.

        אוגוסט 1997
        סורל גולנד, סטיב מלניק, לב שווידל, איתן מור, זאב שטגר ואלה עברון

        Budd-Chiari Syndrome

         

        S. Goland, S.D.H. Malnick, L. Shvidel, E. Mor, Z.M. Sthoeger, E. Evron

         

        Medical Depts. C and B, and Hematology Institute, Kaplan Hospital, Rehovot; and Surgical Dept. B, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikva

         

        Budd Chiari syndrome is a rare disorder resulting from occlusion of hepatic venous drainage by hepatic vein thrombosis or by a membranous web in the inferior vena cava. In western countries the commonest causes are myeloproliferative disorders and hypercoagulable states. Presentation may be acute with rapid accumulation of ascites and hepatic failure, or subacute with symptoms developing over a few months. A chronic progressive form has also been described. On presentation there is usually abdominal pain, ascites, and hepatosplenomegaly; hepatic encephalopathy is found in about a third. Noninvasive, ultrasound-Doppler is recommended in diagnosis, and has a high correlation with hepatic venography. Liver biopsy is required for therapeutic decisions. Those with advanced hepatic failure or severe fibrosis on liver biopsy are referred for hepatic transplantation. When biopsy shows only hepatic congestion and inflammatory infiltrates, portosystemic shunting is recommended. We present a 61-year-old woman with ascites and hepatosplenomegaly that had developed over the courses of a few months. Budd-Chiari syndrome with chronic myelofibrosis and congenital protein C deficiency were diagnosed. Portosystemic shunt was performed but death from sepsis followed shortly.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303