Burns in Children in Israel: Epidemiology, Prevention and Treatment
Medical Corps, Israel Defense Forces and Burns Unit, Hadassah University Hospital, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem
45% of all hospitalized burn casualties in Israel are children younger than 16 years old. In various hospitals they make up 30-60% of all burn casualties, depending on the proportion of children in the area of hospital intake, social and economic factors and the type of hospital. Length of hospitalization of children is shorter than that of the general population (7.3 vs 9.0 days). Scalding is the main cause of thermal injuries among babies and infants (70%), while fire burns are the most common causes among adolescents (56.5%); 90% of babies are injured at home; only 40% of adolescents are burned in home accidents.
In Israel, burned children are treated in 25 different hospitals and in departments of pediatric surgery, plastic surgery, general surgery, pediatrics or burn departments. There is no pediatric burn unit in Israel.