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        תוצאת חיפוש

        אוקטובר 2001

        שמואל ח' שפירא
        עמ'

        שמואל ח' שפירא

         

        בית-החולים הדסה עין-כרם, ירושלים

         

        בעשור האחרון אנו עדים למהפכה בתחום אירגון הטיפול בנפגעים במדינת ישראל. בעיית ההיפגעות ומניעתה הודגשה בקהילה הרפואית ובציבור הרחב, גובשו ואומצו הנחיות מתאימות לטיפול הן ברמת בית-החולים והן במצב טרום בית- החולים., והוקמה מערכת לאומית המושתתת על מדדים למיבנה, לתהליכים ולתוצא. בתקופה האחרונה נוצר מסד נתונים בנושא ההיפגעות במדינת ישראל. היבט אחד ממסד נתונים זה מובא במאמרם של אהרנסון-דניאל וחב' בגיליון זה של "הרפואה".

        מאחר שהנתונים המובאים במאמר אינם מלאים ומייצגים רק חלק מהנפגעים בתאונות דרכים במדינת ישראל, מתחייבת זהירות מיוחדת בבואנו להסיק מסקנות ברמה הלאומית, תוך שימוש בנתונים על נפגעי תאונות דרכים, המופיעים במערך רישום הטראומה הלאומי.

        יוני 2001

        אברהמי, מרגלית נוימן-לוין, מנשה חדד, ארנון קורן, ג'ק דהן, גלית סיבק ואביגדור זליקובסקי
        עמ'

        Treatment of Traumatic False Aneurysm of the Thoracic Aorta with Stent Graft

         

        R. Avrahami, M. Noyman-Levine, M. Haddad, A. Koren, J. Dahan, G. Sivak, A. Zelikovski,

         

        Department of Vascular Surgery, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikva

        and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Israel

         

        The treatment of traumatic false aneurysm of the thoracic aorta by endovascular stent graft may have advantages over conventional surgery. This is a case study of two women suffering from false aneurysm of the thoracic aorta caused in one by a knife injury and in the other by a car accident. After the patients became hemodynamically stable, a commercially available endothelial stent graft (Talent, Gor) was deployed. Recovery was rapid in the first patient. The second patient required emergency laparotomy for venous bleeding one day after stent placement; she died two weeks later, mainly from organ failure.

        Conclusions: Endovascular techniques can be used in selected cases to treat thoracic false aneurysms thereby avoiding the complexity and morbidity of conventional surgery.

        מאי 2001

        עינת פלס, ויטה בראל, ולנטינה בויקו, ארנונה זיו וגיורא קפלן
        עמ'

        Traumatic Brain Injury: The National Trauma Registry*

         

        Einat Peles, Vita Barell, Valentina Boyko, Arnona Ziv, Giora Kaplan

         

        Health Services Research Unit, Ministry of Health, Sheba Medical Center Tel-Hashomer

         

        Background: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been established as a category in reporting systems. Uniform data systems case definition has been suggested for hospital discharge data surveillance systems cases based on ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes. These include fractures and specific mention of intracranial injuries such as contusion, laceration, hemorrhage, and concussion. Inspection of data from the Israel National Trauma Registry suggested that two diagnostic groups of very different severity and outcome were being unjustifiably combined.

        Aim: To evaluate the validity of categorizing TBI into two discrete groups, using the presence of specific mention of intracranial injury and/or loss of consciousness for more than one hour as the definition of definite TBI. Possible TBI includes skull fractures with no mention of intracranial injury and/or concussion with no loss of consciousness.

        Methods: The study population includes all traumatic injuries admitted to hospital, dying in the ER or transferred to other hospitals and recorded in the 1998 Trauma Registry in all 6 level I trauma centers in Israel and two level II centers.

        Results: The significant difference in severity between groups supports the validity of sub-dividing the TBI classification into definite and possible subcategories. As a result, we obtain two different severity groups without measuring specific severity scores which are limited in the reporting system.

        Conclusion: The groups were significantly different in severity, hospital resource use, immediate outcome, demographic and injury circumstances.

         

        *           Level I: Rambam, Beilinson-Schneider, Sheba, Ichilov (Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center), Hadassah Ein Karem and Soroka.

                    Level II: Hillel Yaffe and Kaplan

         

        דצמבר 1999

        יצחק שושני, נבות גבעול ושלמה טייכר
        עמ'

        Sport-Related Maxillofacial Fractures

         

        Yitzhak Shoshani, Navot Givol, Shlomo Taicher

         

        Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Faculty of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        The records of 537 patients with 750 maxillofaciafractures were reviewed and analyzed. 55 (10.2%) had sport-related injuries and the rest were due to othercauses. The sport-related group was predominantly male (ratio 9:1) with a mean age of 24.5 years. The mandible was most commonly injured (52.5%), followed by the zygomatic complex (32.8%). The incidence of complicated mid-facial fractures was only 2.8%, and of comminuted fractures 9%. This distribution of injuries is most likely due to the relatively low-energy of trauma associated with many sport activities. The relatively low mean age of the patients, most of whom had full dentition, allowed for conservative treatment of most of the mandibular fractures, using closed reduction.

         

        Injuries were caused by 11 different sports. The highest incidence was soccer (45%), followed by skating (15%), basketball (9%) and horse-riding (9%). Contact sports were the cause of injuries in 72.2%, with the highest incidence of trauma due to impact with another player (60%). Better protection of the oral and maxillofacial region is needed, especially during high-contact sport.

        מאי 1999

        ניר שהם ויחיאל שויד
        עמ'

        Conservative Approach in Abdominal Trauma in Childhood

         

        Nir Shoham, Yechiel Sweed

         

        Dept. of Ophthalmology, HaEmek Medical Center, Afula and Dept. of Pediatric Surgery, Nahariya Medical Center

         

        To determine the results of the conservative approach in the treatment of pediatric abdominal trauma, we retrospectively analyzed data from the files of 95 cases of abdominal trauma in children during a 5-year period.

         

        51 patients (54%) had isolated abdominal injury, while 44 (46%) had multiple trauma. The most common causes of injury were road accidents and falls from heights (74%). CT scans were performed in 61 (64%) with positive results in 90%. Ultrasonography was done in 22 (23%) and was positive in 55%.

         

        The spleen was the most vulnerable intra-abdominal organ (33 patients, 35%), as well as the organ most severely damaged. Other injured organs were: liver (30 cases), kidney (16), stomach (2), large blood vessels (2), and pancreas, duodenum and diaphragm (1 case each).

        83 patients (87%) were treated conservatively, while 11 were operated on for penetrating abdominal trauma (3 cases), hemodynamic instability (3), positive DPL (3), and Scale 4 splenic injury and free intra-abdominal air on CT scan (1 case each). Early and late complications were mild.

         

        It is concluded that CT is an efficient and reliable imaging method for diagnosis and staging of severity of injury in blunt abdominal trauma. Nonoperative management of solid organ injuries under careful observation in a pediatric trauma center is safe and appropriate. Most Scale 4 splenic injuries can be treated successfully without surgical intervention. Using this conservative approach there were no late complications.

        אפריל 1999

        גד שקד ומריו גולוקובסקי
        עמ'

        Management of Pancreatic Trauma in Damage-Control Laparotomy

         

        Gad Shaked, Mario Golocovsky

         

        Dept. of Surgery and Trauma Service, Soroka University Hospital, Beer Sheba and Dept. of Surgery and Trauma Service, Washington Hospital Center, Washington DC

         

        Major pancreatic trauma challenges the trauma surgeon with diagnostic problems and choices of treatment modalities. The most important determinant guiding management is the integrity of the main pancreatic duct. The preoperative and intraoperative assessment and treatment of pancreatic injury may be difficult, especially when concurrent severe injuries are present. There are alternative approaches in the management of the traumatized pancreas when ductal injury is not obvious during initial exploratory laparotomy.

        ינואר 1999

        גד שקד, אריה אריש ודוד צייגר
        עמ'

        Traumatic Aortocaval Fistula

         

        Gad Shaked, Arie Arisch, David Czeiger

         

        Surgery Dept., Soroka University Hospital, Beer Sheba

         

        Arterio-venous fistula is a relatively rare form of vascular injury. A cof an unusual fistula between aorta and inferior vena cava is presented. Occasionally this type of is difficult to diagnose early. Life-threatening conditions may mandate prompt treatment and the use of damage control strategy. It is also important to diagnose and treat this injury in order to prevent complications. Sudden hemorrhage and congestive heart failure are the major disturbances that result from aortocaval fistula.

        נובמבר 1998

        חגית כהן, אורי לונטל, מיכאל מטר, חנוך מיודבניק, זאב קפלן, יאיר קסוטו ומשה קוטלר
        עמ'

        Autonomic Dysregulation in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Power Spectral Analysis of Heart Rate Variability

         

        Hagit Cohen, Uri Loewenthal, Mike A. Matar, Hanoch Miodownik, Zeev Kaplan, Yair Cassuto, Moshe Kotler

         

        Mental Health Center, Israel Ministry of Health; Anxiety and Stress Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences; Dept. of Life-Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) has been shown to be a reliable noninvasive test for quantitative assessment of cardiovascular autonomic regulatory response, providing a dynamic map of sympathetic and parasympathetic interaction. In a prior study exploring the state of hyperarousal that characterizes the post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) syndrome, we presented standardized heart rate analyses in 9 patients at rest, which demonstrated clear-cut evidence of a baseline autonomic hyperarousal state.


        To examine the dynamics of this hyperarousal state, standardized heart rate analysis was carried out in 9 PTSD patients, compared to a matched control group of 9 normal volunteers. 20-minute ECG recordings in response to a trauma-related cue, as opposed to the resting state, were analyzed. The patients were asked to recount the presumed triggering traumatic event, and the control subjects recounted a significant stressful negative life event.

        Whereas the control subjects demonstrated significant autonomic responses to the stressogenic stimulus of recounting major stressful experiences, the patients demonstrated almost no autonomic response to the recounting of the triggering stressful event. The patients demonstrated a degree of autonomic dysregulation at rest comparable to that seen in the control subjects' reaction to the stress model.


        The lack of response to the stress model applied in the study appears to imply that PTSD patients experience so great a degree of autonomic hyperactivation at rest, that they are unable to marshal a further stress response to the recounting of the triggering trauma, as compared to control subjects. A subsequent study of the effect of medication on these parameters showed that they are normalized by use of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI's).


        Neither the clinical implications of these findings, nor their physiological mechanisms are clear at present. We presume that they reflect a central effect, as the peripheral automatic effects of SSRI's are relatively negligible.

        ספטמבר 1998

        משה ויסברוט, גד ולן ודוד הנדל
        עמ'

        Rupture of Pectoralis Major Muscle: Operative Treatment of an Uncommon Sport Injury

         

        Moshe Weisbort, Gad J. Velan, David Hendel

         

        Orthopedics Dept., Rabin Medical Center (Golda Campus), Petah Tikva

         

        Rupture of the pectoralis major muscle in an athlete is rare, but is said to be common in weight lifters. The muscle usually ruptures at the musculotendinous junction during forceful contraction of the muscle in adduction, forward flexion and internal rotation of the arm. We describe an athlete who suffered such a major tear during a rugby game. It was treated surgically and after adequate rehabilitation, athletic activities were resumed.

        יוני 1998

        ר' אברהמי, מ' חדד, ס' וטמברג, א' שטלמן, א' קורן, ג' דהן וא' זליקובסקי
        עמ'

        Popliteal Vascular Trauma

         

        R. Avrahami, M. Haddad, B. Watemberg, E. Stelman, A. Koren, J. Dahn, A. Zelikovski

         

        Dept. of Vascular Surgery, Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), Petah Tikva

         

        6 cases of popliteal vascular trauma are presented, 3 due to posterior dislocation of the knee and 3 due to crush injury. The patients were referred from another hospital and some had undergone unnecessary angiography when ischemia was present, leading to delay in surgery. All patients presented with distal ischemia and underwent reconstructive surgery; 2 subsequently underwent below-knee amputation because of irreversible ischemia and sepsis.

         

        Urgent operation for popliteal vascular trauma is necessary whenever there is ischemia and intraoperative angiography may be necessary. There should be reconstruction of the artery and vein when there is concomitant venous damage, and fasciotomy and debridement are important. The harmful potential of occult popliteal vascular injuries and their ostensible mild presentation present a challengfor the emergency room surgeon.

        מרץ 1998

        ד' רוזין, מ' בן חיים, א' יודיץ וע' אילון
        עמ'

        Abdominal Compartment Syndrome

         

        D. Rosin, M. Ben Haim, A. Yudich, A. Ayalon

         

        Dept. of General Surgery and Transplantation, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and SacSchool of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Abdominal compartment syndrome refers to a complex of negative effects of intra-abdominal hypertension. Its most common cause is complicated abdominal trauma. The syndrome includes mainly hemodynamic and respiratory manifestations but may involve other systems as well. It may present as a life-threatening emergency in the multi-trauma patient. Awareness of the syndrome may enable the surgeon to take preventive measures or to diagnose it earlier and to treat it effectively. We describe a 21-year old man who developed this syndrome after multiple gunshot wounds, with severe liver injury. After 2 operations the typical manifestations of the syndrome were diagnosed. He was re-operated to release intra-abdominal hypertension and then slowly recovered.

        דרור פוקס, חיים צינמן ודינה לוינזון
        עמ'

        Aseptic Loosening of Joint Implants

         

        Dror Fuchs, Chaim Zinman, Dina Lewinson

         

        Orthopedic and Traumatology Dept. B, Rambam Medical Center; and Div. of Morphology Sciences, Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa

         

        The purpose of orthopedic joint implants is to improve joint movement. Within the past 30 years, biomechanical improvements affecting the life-span of the implants has brought a new type of problem: the biological response to debris from the implant material contributes greatly to aseptic loosening of the prosthesis. The process is mediated by osteotropic factors, cytokines released from mononuclear cells, and osteoblasts and osteoclasts in the bone-cement interface or bone-implant interface.

        פברואר 1998

        ירון וייזל, אהוד ראט, נסים אוחנה ודן עטר
        עמ'

        Pelvic Lytic Lesion and Osteoporosis-Related Fractures

         

        Yaron Weisel, Ehud Rath, Nissim Ohana, Dan Atar

         

        Orthopedic Dept., Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Insufficiency fractures of the pelvis may be overlooked as a cause of hip or groin pain. These fractures occur in the elderly, usually those with pronounced osteopenia of the pelvis. Predisposing factors include corticosteroids, local irradiation and postmenopausal osteoporosis. These fractures are difficult to detect clinically and plain radiographs and other studies may be misleading, delaying diagnosis and treatment. A 65-year-old woman had left groin and hip pain for 2 months with no history of trauma. Plain radiographs showed lytic lesions in the left pubic rami. Bone scan revealed increased uptake in that region, suggesting metastatic bone disease. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated fractures in the left superior and inferior pubic rami, with callus formation with no involvement of soft tissues. Quantitative computed tomography indicated low calcium concentration, below fracture threshold. The diagnosis of insufficiency fractures of the pelvis was confirmed by the favorable clinical and radiographic outcome. It is therefore important to be familiar with the appearance and location of these fractures.

        נובמבר 1997

        תמר טלמון, יצחק בירן ובנימין מילר
        עמ'

        Traumatic Hyphema*

         

        Tamar Talmon, Itzchak Beiran, Benjamin Miller

         

        Dept. of Ophthalmology, Rambam Medical Center and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

         

        Traumatic hyphema usually occurs in young men at the rate of 17-20/1000,000. Major complications include secondary hemorrhage, glaucoma, corneal staining and disturbances in visual acuity. Final visual acuity is predominantly the outcome of all the ocular injuries occurring during the trauma, mainly to the posterior segment of the eye. We describe all cases of traumatic hyphema treated in our department over a period of 3.5 years. Antifibrinolytic treatment is recommended in the literature in traumatic hyphema to prevent secondary hemorrhage. Our findings differ from those in the literature in that they show a lower prevalence of more severe hemorrhages and of secondary hemorrhage. In light of these differences, and with regard to possible side effects of such treatment, we suggest that antifibrinolytic treatment not be used in our population. We recommend that treatment for traumatic hyphema should include restricted activity, local corticosteroidal preparations, frequent follow-up visits and vigorous diagnostic work-up in order to find any additional eye damage. We strongly recommend the use of preventive measures (eye-shields) in high risk activities such as sports, house-hold work and military training.

        -----------------

        * Based on work submitted to the Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, by Tamar Talmon in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the MD degree.

        פברואר 1997

        רפאל נגלר, מיכה פלד ודב לאופר
        עמ'

        Facial Trauma: Characteristics and Therapy

         

        R. Nagler, M. Peled, D. Laufer

         

        Depts of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

         

        This department was established 35 years ago. Since then, many patients with facial trauma, both soldiers and civilians, have been treated and extensive experience has been accumulated. From 1990 to 1995, 487 patients with facial trauma (18.6% of the patients in the department) where hospitalized and treated. 88.5% suffered from injuries which included facial bones, and the others from soft tissue injuries only. We summarize our experience, analyzing both the demographic and clinical characteristics of the injuries and the treatment administered. Based on our experience and the current literature, we present an overview of the issue.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303