Abdominal Compartment Syndrome
D. Rosin, M. Ben Haim, A. Yudich, A. Ayalon
Dept. of General Surgery and Transplantation, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and SacSchool of Medicine, Tel Aviv University
Abdominal compartment syndrome refers to a complex of negative effects of intra-abdominal hypertension. Its most common cause is complicated abdominal trauma. The syndrome includes mainly hemodynamic and respiratory manifestations but may involve other systems as well. It may present as a life-threatening emergency in the multi-trauma patient. Awareness of the syndrome may enable the surgeon to take preventive measures or to diagnose it earlier and to treat it effectively. We describe a 21-year old man who developed this syndrome after multiple gunshot wounds, with severe liver injury. After 2 operations the typical manifestations of the syndrome were diagnosed. He was re-operated to release intra-abdominal hypertension and then slowly recovered.