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        תוצאת חיפוש

        יוני 1997

        ר' בן-אברהם, ר' מ' קריווזיק-הורבר, ג' הודקר, ע' פרל ופ' ג' אדנט
        עמ'

        Effect of Chlorocresol VS Caffeine on Muscle Contracture in Malignant Hyperthermia Susceptible Patients

         

        R. Ben-Abraham, R.M. Krivosic-Horber, G. Haudcoeur, A. Perel, P.J. Adnet

         

        Dept. of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University; and Dept. d'Anesthesie-Reanimation Chirurgicale, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Hospitaliere, et Service des Urgence, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Lille Cedex, France

         

        The phenotype of susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia (MHS); can only be detected reliably by the in vitro caffeine-halothane contracture test (CHCT). Enhanced sensitivity of the calcium-induced calcium release mechanism is responsible for the exaggerated contracture response of skeletal muscle fibers from MHS patients to halothane and caffeine. Chlorocresol was demonstrated to be a potent activator of Ca++release from skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum. This effect is probably mediated through action on a ryanodine sensitive Ca++ release channel known to be more sensitive in MH. We studied the effect of chloroscresol on the mechanical contracture response of skeletal muscle from patients presenting for the in vitro CHCT. Chlorocresol induces contracture response in a concentration 1/200 of that of caffeine in muscle strips from MH patients. By adding chlorocresol to the protocol of the CHCT, there is clearer discrimination between the responses of MH patients and normal subjects can be achieved. 

        מאי 1997

        ר' דורסט ופ' רבאודנגו-רושקה
        עמ'

        Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Facilitating Alcohol and Drug Abuse in an Adult

         

        R. Durst, P. Rebaudengo-Rosca

         

        Talbieh Mental Health Center, Jerusalem (Affiliated with the Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School)

         

        Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been considered a mental and behavioral disorder of childhood and adolescence. It is being increasingly recognized in adults, who may have psychiatric co-morbidity with secondary depression, or a tendency to drug and alcohol abuse. We describe a 32-year-old woman known for years as suffering from borderline personality disorder and drug dependence (including hasshish, marijuana, LSD and "exstasy'") and alcohol abuse that did not respond to treatment. Only when correctly diagnosed as ADHD and appropriately treated with the psychotropic stimulant, methylphenidate (Ritalin), was there significant improvement. She succeeded academically, which had not been possible previously, the craving for drugs diminished and a drug-free state was reached. Although administration of psychostimulants to drug abusers is controversial, as they are addictive, in cases of ADHD they have promoted drug abstinence.

        דוד ב' ויס, שושנה גוטשלק-סבג, אלחנן בר-און, צבי צוקרמן, יגאל גת ובנימין ברטוב
        עמ'

        Seminiferous Tubule Cytological Pattern in Infertile, Azoospermic Men in Diagnosis and Therapy

         

        David B. Weiss, Shoshana Gottschalk-Sabag, Elchanan Bar-On, Zvi Zukerman, Yigal Gat, Benjamin Bartoov

         

        Male Infertility and Cytology Units, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem; Andrology Unit, Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), Petah Tikva and Male Infertility Laboratory, Dept. of Life Sciences, Bar-Illan University, Ramat Gan

         

        We determined spermatogenic patterns of seminiferous tubules in azoospermic infertile men and evaluated the prevalence of bilateral testicular homogeneity. 185 azoospermic men underwent bilateral testicular fine-needle aspiration (TFNA) in which each testis was punctured at 3 different positions. Aspirated material was stained and classified according to the most mature spermatogenic cell type present or whether only Sertoli cells were present. 35.7% had spermatozoa in their testes, 36.2% had spermatogenic maturation arrest, and 28.1% had only Sertoli cells in their seminiferous tubules. In 15.6% of all patients, the diagnosis in 1 testis differed from that in the other. In only 73.2% of those with testicular spermatozoa was it bilateral. In the remaining 26.9%, only Sertoli cells, spermatocytes or spermatids were found as the most mature cell type in the other testis. The study definitely indicates that fertilization with retrieved testicular spermatozoa should not be offered to azoospermic patients without prior evaluation of the seminiferous tubue spermatogenic pattern in both testes.

        אפריל 1997

        משה סלעי, אלינור גושן, תומס טישלר, רוני וויצן, שרה אפטר, אלכס גרניאק ומרינה פרלמן
        עמ'

        Multidisciplinary Approach to the Treatment of Musculo-Skeletal Tumors

         

        M. Salai, E. Goshen, T. Tishler, R. Weitzen, S. Apter, A. Garniek, M. Feldman

         

        Depts. of Orthopedic Surgery, Nuclear Medicine, Oncology, Imaging Radiology and Pathology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

         

        Tumors of the musculoskeletal system are relatively rare. They occur mostly in the young, while in older age groups metastases and myeloma are more prevalent. Treatment has undergone major change in the past 20 years with the introduction of neoadjuvant treatment protocols. According to recent reports 5-year survival rates have increased from 20% to 60-70%. These new protocols involve the use of modern imaging modalities, immunohistochemical pathological analysis and improved surgical technics. This has required establishment of multidisciplinary teams of experts to escort the patient through all the steps of current treatment.

        בני קליין ונתן רוז'נסקי
        עמ'

        Biological Test for Menopausal Osteoporosis

         

        Benjamin Klein, Nathan Rojansky

         

        Depts. of Experimental Surgery and of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hadassah- Hebrew University Medical Center, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem

         

        Osteoporosis has become a major public health problem in many western countries in which about 25% of women by the age of 65 will have had osteopenic fractures. The most important contributing factor to this condition is loss of gonadal function. This progressive disease, characterized by reduction in bone mass, may be prevented by estrogen replacement therapy. While there are several methods of diagnosing the disease when already established, there is no method that can identify women at high risk of developing osteoporosis. We have developed a biological test in which the serum of postmenopausal women is added to rat osteoprogenitor cell culture and its influence on proliferation, differentiation and mineralization of bone cells is determined. The serum of 20 menopausal women was examined by the biological test and the results compared to the findings of dual photon absorptiometry. This showed that rapid bone-losers had a significantly lower mineralization index as compared to nonosteopenic women (p<0.0001). The proliferation index (cell count) and alkaline phosphatase activity did not show significant differences between osteopenic and nonosteopenic groups. This preliminary study showed that a test based on serum reacting with a culture of bone cells to induce mineralization may be of value in the diagnosis of osteoporosis.

        מרץ 1997

        א' ביטון, ס' נמיר, ב' מוסוביץ וד' ורדי
        עמ'

        Cutaneous Leishmaniasis: Incidental Outbreak in a New Endemic Area?

         

        A. Biton, S. Namir, B. Mosovich, D. Vardi

         

        Regional Dermatology Clinic, Kupat Holim Klalit, Beer Sheba, and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

         

        In the autumn of '94 we saw 32 patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis from a newly populated area south of Yerucham. Yerucham had never previously been reported as a focus of leishmaniasis. Ongoing construction in the town and the health hazards that resulted may play a part in this new situation. There are a number of ways of controlling and preventing outbreaks of leishmaniasis. They include elimination of the vector, Phlebotomus and its host, the gerbils as well as their food supply, "maloach" bushes, other health hazards and vaccination of the population. Patients were treated according to the severity of disease. It is still too early to determine whether our efforts to limit the spread of the outbreak have been successful.

        פברואר 1997

        מיכה רזאל
        עמ'

        Evidence For Casual Household Transmission Of Hiv: Review And Analysis

         

        Micha Razel

         

        School of Education, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan

         

        All reported case-studies in which the author-described route of infection was deemed to be casual household contact were reviewed and analyzed, as well as all sample-based studies designed to estimate the frequency of casual household transmission. Several recurring biased mechanisms of interpretation were found in the studies, the use of which made it impossible to obtain evidence for casual household transmission. After correcting for these interpretations 8 documented cases of casual household transmission were found. Analysis of the sample-based studies indicated 10 cases of casual household transmission, which occurs at a risk of 0.4% per year of contact (95% confidence interval: 0.20 to 0.66).

        ינואר 1997

        נגה רייכמן, נתן קאופמן ועדית פלטאו
        עמ'

        Acute Effusive Constrictive Pericarditis in Influenza A

         

        N. Reichman, N. Kaufman, E. Flatau

         

        Dept. of Medicine B, Central Emek Hospital, Afula and Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa

         

        Constrictive pericarditis may complicate the course of several viral infections, mainly Coxsackie virus group B, as well as in rheumatoid disease, radiation and neoplasm. Perimyocardial involvement during influenzal infections is usually mild and does not progress to constriction or tamponade. A single case of cardiac tamponade caused by influenza A was reported in 1986. We report a case of acute effusive-constrictive pericarditis due to influenza A infection. Corticosteroids resulted in some benefit, but did not relieve constriction, which required extensive pericardiectomy.

        רות שמרת, רויטל ברוכים, ירון גלנטי, ציונה סמואל, סיריל ליגום, מיכה רבאו ופאול רוזן
        עמ'

        Familial Adenomatous Polyposis: Establishing a Registry and Genetic and Molecular Analysis

         

        R. Shomrat, R. Bruchim, Y. Galanty, Z. Samuel, C. Legum, M. Rabau, P. Rozen

         

        Genetic Institute and Depts. of Gastroenterology and Surgery, Tel Aviv Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), a dominantly inherited disease, is caused by a mutation in the adenomatous polyposis coli gene in chromosome 5q21. The gene has 15 exons, a physical length of 10 Kb and an open reading frame of 8.5 Kb. Exon 15 codes 66% of the mRNA and has a mutation cluster region which accounts for over 50% of mutations. The disease usually leads to the appearance of hundreds of adenomatous polyps in the transverse and descending colon between puberty and age 20 years and to colon cancer before the age of 40. Early detection is essential to prevent the development of metastasizing cancer. Since 1994 we have recruited 23 families for genetic counseling. DNA was obtained from 19 unrelated FAP patients and 219 high risk relatives in 19 unrelated families following confirmation of the diagnosis. In addition to linkage studies, direct mutational analysis was performed using the protein truncation test for most of exon 15 and single strand conformation polymorphism analysis for the other exons. These exons account for most of the mutations identified to date. Of 19 unrelated probands, 14 had detectable mutations. Exon 15 accounted for 6 families, exons 5, 7 and 14 for 1 each, exon 9 for 3, and exon 8 for 2. Combined mutational and linkage analysis identified 18 presymptomatic carriers who received genetic and clinical counseling. Our FAP patients did not differ significantly from those of larger studies in other countries with regard to the distribution of the mutations, gender and genotype-phenotype correlation, or ethnic distribution.

        מ' זערור, ד' גולדשר ומ' פיינסוד
        עמ'

        Temporal Hemianopia And Diabetes Insipidus Following Head Injury

         

        M. Zaaroor, D. Goldsher, M. Feinsod

         

        Center for Treatment and Applied Research in Head Injuries, Dept. of Neurosurgery and Diagnostic Radiology Dept., Rambam Medical Center and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa

         

        Bitemporal hemianopia and diabetes insipidus following head injury are caused by a lesion in the center of the optic chiasm, together with injury to the adjacent pituitary stalk or the hypothalamus. This combination was thought to be a rare complication of severe head injury. The case of a 16-year-old male is presented, which together with recent reports suggests that this relatively under-recognized syndrome is not infrequent, that it may follow even minor head injury, and that magnetic resonance imaging can demonstrate the chiasmal lesion.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303