• כרטיס רופא
  • אתרי הר"י
  • צרו קשר
  • פעולות מהירות
  • עברית (HE)
  • מה תרצו למצוא?

        תוצאת חיפוש

        נובמבר 2017
        דנית אטיאס-ורון, יובל חלד, עמ' 730-734

        מאמץ גופני עצים וממושך מביא לשינויים במערכת החיסון שעלולים להוביל לדיכוי זמני בהגנתה מפני מחוללי מחלה (פתוגנים). שינויים אלו מגבירים ככל הנראה את הסיכון של העוסקים בפעילות גופנית עצימה וממושכת, לפתח זיהום בדרכי הנשימה העליונות ולהפחית את מידת כשירותם. מאידך, מתברר כי פעילות גופנית מתונה דווקא מקטינה את הסיכון ללקות בזיהום בדרכי הנשימה העליונות. לפיכך, ספורטאים תחרותיים וחיילים ביחידות לוחמות העוסקים בפעילות גופנית עצימה ממושכת יומיומית עלולים להיות קבוצת סיכון. מצבי עקה נוספים כגון חסך שינה, מתח נפשי, חסך תזונתי והתייבשות, משפיעים אף הם על מערכת החיסון ועלולים להחמיר את התופעה. במקביל, יש חוקרים הגורסים כי תסמינים בדרכי הנשימה העליונות נובעים בעיקר מגורמי דלקת שלא מזיהום דוגמת אלרגיה, גנחת סימפונות (אסתמה) וכדומה. מכאן, שההשפעה של פעילות גופנית עצימה על מערכת החיסון במהלך תקופת אימונים ותחרויות אינה ברורה דייה.

        במאמר סקירה זה נתמקד בבחינת השפעת פעילות גופנית עצימה וממושכת על מערכת החיסון, המנגנונים האפשריים המובילים להשפעות אלו והמשמעות הקלינית שלהם, בהתמקד בזיהום בדרכי הנשימה העליונות, תוך מתן דגש יישומי לאוכלוסיות פעילות דוגמת ספורטאים וחיילים.

        אוקטובר 2008
        דורית גמוס ועירא קוקיה

        דורית גמוס1, עירא קוקיה2

        1שירות רפואה משלימה, מרכז רפואי שיבא, תל השומר, רמת גן, 2מכבי שירותי בריאות, ראשון לציון

        בגיליון הנוכחי של "הרפואה" מתפרסמת סקירתם של רקובר וחב', שנבחן בה הטיפול במחלות דרכי הנשימה באמצעות שמנים ארומטיים נדיפים של צמחי מרפא. סקירה זו פותחת צוהר לטיפול מושכל בצמחי המרפא, תוך התייחסות לפעילותם הפרמקולוגית, יעילותם ובטיחות הטיפול בהם.

        דצמבר 1999
        א' חורי, ר' מושיוב ומ' ליברגל

        Thromboembolism in Orthopedic Trauma

         

        A. Khoury, R. Mosheiff, M. Liebergall

         

        Orthopedic Surgery Dept., Hadassah University Hospital and Hebrew University - Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem

         

        Trauma increases risk of thromboembolic complications. Thus, in pelvic fractures and spinal injuries the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is about 35-60%. Half occur in the pelvic veins and are the most likely to result in pulmonary embolism. While symptomatic pulmonary embolism occurs in 2-10% of patients, more have silent pulmonary embolism. 0.5-2% of pulmonary embolisms are fatal. In lower extremity trauma the incidence of DVT is about 58%, with 18% of them in the proximal veins. Thromboembolic complications are the prime cause of morbidity and mortality among trauma patients, yet they can be prevented efficiently and cost-effectively. The arsenal of prophylactic agents includes heparin, low molecular weight heparin, and mechanical devices including inferior vena cava filters.

        יגאל אפרתי, שלמה צרפתי, סנדרה קרומהולץ, גדעון אשל, מרק ויינברג ויצחק וינוגרד

        Laser Treatment of Airway Obstruction in Infants and Children

         

        Y. Efrati, S.M. Sarfaty, S. Kromholz, G. Eshel, M. Weinberg, I. Vinograd

         

        Depts. of Pediatric Surgery, Otolaryngology, Anesthesia and Pediatric Intensive Care, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin (Affiliated with Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University)

         

        Airway obstruction during infancy and childhood requiring surgical ablation is rare, and surgical intervention poses a significant challenge. During recent decades, appropriate endoscopic instrumentation, together with advanced laser beam technology have provided new operative modalities for such patients.

        From 1993 to 1995 we treated 40 infants and children, 26 males and 14 females, 13 days to 11 years old (mean 3.3 years) with Nd-YAG or CO² laser. Obstructing lesions included granulation tissue or polyps (16 cases), septa or webs (27), or benign tumors (4). 7 had more than a single lesion.

        All were treated endoscopically under general anesthesia without any operative or postoperative deaths. Surgical intervention removed the obstruction and related symptoms in 34. In 6, laser treatment failed, necessitating additional surgical procedures. 3 had circumferential subglottic web. Operative complications included bleeding during removal of a hemangioma in 1 and recrudescence in another. Postoperative complications were transient respiratory failure and pneumonia in 6, all of which resolved with appropriate treatment.

        This series proves that laser technology is feasible in the treatment of airway obstruction during infancy and childhood, and is safe and effective.

        נובמבר 1999
        חיים ביבי, אלנה שויחט, דוידי שוסיוב, מיכאל ארמוני, אמיל חי ודורית אטר

        Evaluation of Asthmatic Children Presenting at Emergency Rooms

         

        Haim Bibi, Elena Shoychet, David Shoseyov, Michael Armoni, Emil Chai, Dorit Ater

         

        Pediatric Pulmonary Clinic and Pediatric Dept., Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon; Pediatric Pulmonary Clinic, Bikur Cholim Hospital, Jerusalem; Emergency Room, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon; and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Bronchial asthma in the pediatric age group has become prevalent recently. Many children who suffer from asthma arrive at the emergency room (ER) with exacerbations which did not respond to medical treatment at home.

         

        Between July and December 1997, 136 children 8 months to 14 years of age (61% below 3 years), were studied in our pediatric ER. Investigation included physical examination and pulse oximetry, which were used as guidelines for scoring the children on arrival and post-treatment. Spirometry was done in those who could cooperate. For each patient a detailed questionnaire about medical and sociodemographic factors was filled.

         

        Primary pediatricians used mainly beta-agonist and corticosteroid inhalators, while pediatric pulmonologists used mainly inhaled steroids. There was no relationship between severity of attack on arrival at the ER, mode of treatment and speed of recovery in the ER. More children treated by a general pediatrician more were admitted to hospital. Low parental education and paternal smoking were risk factors for recurrent hospital admissions.

         

        Our results indicate that parents must be educated to stop smoking, especially those with asthmatic children, and primary pediatricians should be updated with regard to proper treatment and follow-up of asthma.

        ספטמבר 1999
        תאופיק זועבי, אדיר פיבישביץ ומיכאל אלקן

        Severe Pneumonia Caused by Bordetella Bronchiseptica

         

        Taufik Zuabi, Adir Faivisevitz, Michael L. Alkan

         

        Yoseftal Hospital, Eilat; Soroka Medical Center, Tel Hashomer; and Ben Gurion University Center for Health Sciences, Beer Sheba

         

        Bordetella bronchiseptica rarely causes disease in man, and is an unusual pathogen in animals. It causes a pertussis-like syndrome, but pneumonia and sepsis have been described in the immunocompromised as well as in the immunocompetent. A 53-year-old man with adult-onset diabetes and healed pulmonary tuberculosis presented with lobar pneumonia and rapidly developed septic shock with adult respiratory distress syndrome. He responded well to the combination of piperacillin-tazobactam.

        יולי 1999
        דורון זמיר, יוסף ויצמן, חן זמיר, צבי פיירמן ופלטיאל וינר

        Mesalamine-Induced Hyper- Sensitivity Pneumonitis

         

        D. Zamir, J. Weizman, C. Zamir, Z. Fireman, P. Weiner

         

        Dept. of Medicine A and Gastroenterology Unit, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera and Hadera Subdistrict Health Office

         

        A 23-year-old woman was admitted with a history of 2 weeks of cough, fever and bilateral lung infiltrates. She had been diagnosed 2 months before as having ulcerative proctitis and was treated with mesalamine, which induced a full remission, but 3 antibiotic regimens failed to improve her lung disease.

         

        Since computerized tomography revealed bilateral peripheral lung infiltrates and her eosinophile count was elevated, the diagnosis of drug-induced eosinophilic pneumonia was suggested. Mesalamine and antibiotics were stopped and oral corticosteroids begun. She became almost asymptomatic a week after mesalamine withdrawal, and the x-ray became normal.

        מאי 1999
        פלטיאל וינר, יוסף ויצמן, רסמי מג'דלה, נועה ברר-ינאי ובני פלד

        Effect of Specific Inspiratory Muscle Training on Dyspnea and Exercise Tolerance in Congestive Heart Failure

         

        Paltiel Weiner, Joseph Waizman, Rasmi Magadle, Noa Berar-Yanay, Benny Pelled

         

        Depts. of Medicine A and Cardiology, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera

         

        It has been shown that the inspiratory muscles of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) are weaker than normal. This weakness may contribute to dyspnea and limit exercise capacity. But respiratory muscles can be trained for increase in both strength and endurance. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of specific inspiratory muscle training (SIMT) on muscular performance, lung function, dyspnea and exercise capacity in moderate heart failure.

        10 patients with CHF (NYHA functional class II-III) received 1/2 hour of SIMT daily, 6 times/week, for 3 months. They started breathing at a resistance 15% of their Pimax for 1 week and the resistance was then increased incrementally to 60%. Spirometry, inspiratory muscle strength and endurance, and the 12-minute walk test were performed before and after the training period. All showed an increase in inspiratory muscle strength and endurance. This was associated with a small but significant increase in FVC, a significant increase in the distance walked (458±29 to 562±32 m, p<0.01), and improvement in the dyspnea index score.

        SIMT resulted in increased inspiratory muscle strength and endurance. This increase was associated with decreased dyspnea and an increase in submaximal exercise capacity. SIMT may prove to be useful complementary therapy in CHF.

        מרץ 1999
        שוקי לשם, חוה טבנקין, אילן דן ועדה תמיר

        Knowledge and Practice of Primary Care Physicians Relating to Streptococcal Pharyngitis

         

        S. Leshem, H. Tabenkin, E. Dan, A. Tamir

         

        Family Medicine Dept., Emek Medical Center and Northern District of Kupat Holim; and Northern Branch of Specialization Institute, Faculty of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Knowledge and practice of primary care physicians as to diagnosis and treatment of group A, b-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis, and the degree to which they agreed with the medical literature and current clinical guidelines were examined. The study was conducted in a group of 195 general physicians, pediatricians, and family medicine specialists and residents. The data were collected using questionnaires which included personal information and questions relating to b-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis and were analyzed by chi-square and t-tests, and logistic regression, as appropriate. A new dependent variable, good clinical practice (GCP), was defined as the total number of correct answers to the questions in the questionnaire. 147 of the 195 eligible physicians returned completed questionnaires, a compliance rate of 76%.

        96.6% cited pV as the drug of choice at a daily dosage of 1 g (43.7%) or 2 g (25.4%), for 10 days (90%). 133 physicians (90%) stated that the goal of penicillin therapy for beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis is to prevent late complications. 116 physicians (82%) cited rheumatic fever as a complication of group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis, preventable by appropriate antibiotic therapy. However, only 84 (59%) cited glomerulonephritis as a preventable complication.

        When the knowledge and attitudes of the respondents was analyzed in terms of the new variable, GCP, a significant association (p<0.001) was found between physicians’ attitudes and variables such as where they had studied medicine, and work seniority. Those with less seniority and or medical graduates of the Americas demonstrated greater knowledge and better clinical judgment than their more senior colleagues and graduates of European and Asian medical schools. Most primary care physicians in northern Israel treat group A b-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis as recommended in the medical literature.

        The level of medical studies in Israel and the Americas and the quality of training of residents in family medicine and pediatrics, have a positive influence on the degree of knowledge of as common a subject as b-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis. Emphasis should be placed on continuing medical education among primary care physicians, particularly veteran general physicians and those who studied in European or Asian medical schools.

        ינואר 1999
        שבתאי ורסנו, אילנה יעקבי ומילה גרנקין

        Proper use of Pressurized Hand-Held Inhalers in Patients with Chronic Airway Obstruction 


        Shabtai Varsano, Ilana Jacoby, Mila Garenkin

         

        Asthma Care and Education Unit, Dept. of Pulmonary Medicine, and Epidemiology Unit, Meir General Hospital, Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba; and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Inhaling drugs via hand-held inhalers in recommended for those with chronic obstructive airway disease (COPD). Approximately 8%-9% of Israel's population use hand-held inhalers, many of them pressurized. Skill in using them and ability of chronic users to learn their proper use have not been assessed.

        During 1993 and 1994 we studied 200 patients with bronchial asthma or COPD who regularly used a pressurized hand-held inhaler (PI), but were not trained to use it in our out-patient pulmonary clinic. Only a third were found to be skilled in its use. About half were completely unable to use it properly, and 17% used it in a suboptimal way. Remarkably, only 40% had been taught anything with regard to its use. About 75% of the suboptimal users significantly improved their skill in its use immediately after receiving a single individual teaching and corrective demonstration session. While 15% failed to learn the proper use of the PI, many of those who improved immediately after a single teaching session retained the learned skills for months.

        We conclude that the physician who recommends the use of a PI is responsible for the patient's being taught its proper use in a demonstration session. Skill in its use should be reassessed periodically during the entire treatment period.

        דצמבר 1998
        סרגיי גולדשטיין, יאיר לוי ויהודה שינפלד

        Pulmonary Hypertension and Multi-Valvular Damage Caused by Anorectic Drugs

         

        Serge E. Goldstein, Yair Levy, Yehuda Shoenfeld

         

        Medical Dept. B and Institute for Immunological Disease Research, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Marked obesity is an independent risk factor for multisystem morbidity. The use of anorectic drugs is an aggressive strategy for weight reduction. It appears to be an easy way of dealing with the problem, because the patient needn't change his behavior. However, such treatment is not harmless. At the end of the 60's an outbreak of pulmonary hypertension was associated with the drug aminorex, and it was soon withdrawn from the market. 30 years later it became clear that new-generation anorectic drugs (fenfluramine, dexfenfluramine, phentermine), which were being used world-wide, lead to both pulmonary hypertension and valvular damage.

         

        We describe a woman of 70 with both these complications which developed after prolonged anorectic therapy with a fenfluramine-phentermine combination.

        נובמבר 1998
        ניר הילזנרט, עידית ליברטי ולונה אבנון

        Spontaneous Internal Jugular Vein Thrombosis Complicating Chronic Pulmonary Disease

         

        Nir Hilzenrat, Edit Liberty, Luna Avnon

         

        Depts. of Medicine B and E, and Pulmonary Disease Unit, Soroka Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Spontaneous internal jugular thrombosis is a rare vascular disorder. It usually occurs as a result of external pressure due to a tumor, infection or as a result of damage to the vessel wall after trauma or central venous catheterization. We report a 35-year-old woman who suffered from severe pulmonary hypertension due to chronic cystic lung disease. She was admitted due to sudden, severe, right-sided neck pain. Internal jugular occlusion by a thrombus was demonstrated by ultrasound and CT-scans but no apparent cause was found. We postulated that the important factors in the development of her thrombosis were stasis due to pulmonary hypertension and high blood viscosity.

        נאסר גטאס, נורמן לוברנט ודוד רמון

        Miliary and Reticulo-Nodular Pulmonary Brucellosis

         

        Nasser Gattas, Norman Loberant, David Ri

         

        Medical Dept. B and Radiology Depts., Western Galilee Regional Hospital, Nahariya and Rappaport Faculof Medicine, The Technion, Haifa

         

        Brucellosis is a classical zoonosis caused by a Gram-negative bacillus of the genus Brucella. Human brucellosis can either be acute or chronic and present with a variety of manifestations, mostly with fever and signs of musculo-skeletal involvement. It may be complicated by involvement of the cardiovascular, central nervous or genito-urinary systems. However, pulmonary brucellosis is a rare complication.

        We report a case of miliary and reticulo-nodular brucellar pneumonia with positive blood and sputum cultures and positive serological tests. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case to be reported from Israel of miliary pneumonia with sputum positive for brucellosis.

        יוני 1998
        רון בן אברהם, ערן סגל, דב פריימרק, אלינור גושן, חנוך הוד, יעקב לביא, צבי זיסקינד ועזריאל פרל

        Massive Pulmonary Embolism

         

        Ron Ben Abraham, Eran Segal, Dov Freimark, Elinor Goshen, Hanoch Hod, Jacob Lavee, Zvi Ziskind, Azriel Perel

         

        Depts. of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Cardiology, Nuclear Medicine and Cardiac Surgery, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Pulmonary embolism is a common event in hospitalized patients. In some cases it presents with hemodynamic collapse, indicating massive obliteration of the pulmonary vasculature and has a very grim prognosis; 2/3 of such patients die within 2 hours of onset of symptoms. We describe our experience in 13 patients with massive pulmonary embolism. An aggressive diagnostic and therapeutic approach, utilizing sophisticated imaging techniques, thrombolytic therapy and surgery, led to the survival of 8 of the patients. Our experience supports an aggressive approach in these seriously ill patients.

        מאי 1998
        יעקב פלדמן, אברהם ירצקי וקרולה ויגדר

        Community-Acquired Pneumonia in the Elderly: Guidelines for Hospitalization

         

        Jacob Feldman, Abraham Yarezky, Carola Vigder

         

        Geriatric. Dept., Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba and Sakler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        A prospective study was carried out among elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia to determine if there are any specific features that could help in deciding whether to hospitalize, or to treat in the community. We concluded that there is no correlation between clinical presentation of pneumonia and outcome, except for impairment of consciousness. Laboratory data showed a correlation between oxygen saturation in arterial blood, levels of hemoglobin and albumin, and outcome. Sputum culture was not helpful in deciding about diagnosis and treatment, which remain empiric. These patients should be treated at home if conditions permit. Recommendations are made for improving such conditions.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303