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        תוצאת חיפוש

        אפריל 1998
        ליויה תאודור, רונית שירי-סברדלוב, גלית הירש-יחזקאל, רויטל ברוכים בר-שדה, אוה גאק, אירית פרידמן, אנה קרוגליקובה, גלעד בן-ברוך, שולמית ריזל, משה פפא ואיתן פרידמן

        Oncogenetic Counseling and Genetic Testing of Those at High Risk for Breast and Ovarian Cancer

         

        Livia Theodor, Ronit Shiri-Sverdlov, Galit Hirsch Yechezkel, Revital Bruchim Bar-Sade, Eva Gak, Irit Friedman, Anna Kruglikova, Gilad Ben-Baruch, Shulamit Risel, Moshe Z. Papa, Boleslav Goldman, Eitan Friedman

         

        Oncogenetics Unit, Dept. of Clinical Epidemiology, Institute of Genetics, and Gynecology, Oncology, and Surgical Depts., Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

         

        There is inherited predisposition to breast and ovarian cancer in 5-10% of all women with these diseases. Germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 presumably account for most of the genetically susceptible individuals. We summarize 2 years of experience in counseling and testing for inherited predisposition to these cancers.

        597 women (from 320 families) have been evaluated since August 1995. 242 were evaluated for inherited predisposition to breast and ovarian cancer. One-third had clear-cut evidence of familial background. 74 families were of Ashkenazi origin; the age range of breast cancer was 30-35, of ovarian cancer 40-45. In 80% of families other cancers were also noted in first degree family members, including lung, colon, and prostate cancer and leukemia.

        Genetic testing revealed that 45% of affected and 25% of unaffected women were carriers of a mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2: 67/90 185delAG (BRCA1), 12/90 6174delT (BRCA2), and 4/90 of 5382insC (BRCA1). In addition, a novel mutation in exon 11 of BRCA1 was detected, carried by 7/90 women. The experience gained in oncogenetic counseling and genetic testing for inherited cancer predisposition will eventually enable determining an optimal, rational therapeutic regimen in carriers of mutations.

        מרץ 1998
        ג'מאל זידאן, סלינה שטיירמן וחנה טורני

        Perisacral Angiosarcoma after Irradiation of Carcinoma of the Sigmoid

         

        J. Zidan, C. Stayerman, H. Turani

         

        Oncology Unit and Pathology Institute, Rebecca Sieff Hospital, Safed

         

        Secondary malignancy is a well-recognized complication of radiation therapy. The risk of postirradiation sarcoma in long-term follow-up is 0.03-0.8%. We report a case of radiation-induced perisacral angiosarcoma 6 years after pelvic irradiation for sigmoid cancer in a 77-year-old man. The tumor was diagnosed postmortem and was locally advanced and metastatic. He died 6 months after onset of symptoms. This case demonstrates the importance of long-term follow-up in those given radiotherapy.

        פברואר 1998
        מויסי מולדבסקי, אלכסנדר סזבון, נינה קוצ'רסקי וחנה טורני

        Screening for Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder with Trophoblastic Differentiation

         

        M. Moldavsy, A. Sazbon, N. Kuchersky, H. Turani

         

        Division of Cytology and Depts. of Urology and of Pathology, Rebecca Sieff Government Hospital, Safed

         

        Urinary bladder carcinoma with trophoblastic differentiation (TD) is a variant of urothelial (transitional cell) carcinoma (TCC) which secretes placental proteins, predominantly beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). An aggressive clinical course and a poor prognosis are characteristic of this tumor. We evaluated the frequency and clinical and pathological appearance of TCC-TD in the Upper Galilee and Golan Heights between 1988 and 1995 inclusive. Beta HCG, human placental lactogen (HPL), pregnancy specific beta-1 glycoprotein (SP-1) and placental alkaline phosphatase were determined immunohistochemically in paraffin-embedded TCC of urinary bladder. Tumor grade, stage and patient survival were also determined. There was beta-HCG immunostaining in 13 of 62 cases (20.9%). TD was correlated with higher grades of TCC and with advanced stages of disease. No cases of TCC-TD were found in grade 1, stage 0. Co-expression of beta-HCG and HPL was displayed in 2 cases, beta-HCG and SP-1 in 9, and beta-HCG, HPL and SP-1 in 2. Disease-free survival and overall survival were shorter in TCC-TD.

        ינואר 1998
        שמואל אריעד, אלכסנדר רבינוביץ, אילנה ינאי-עינבר ובנימין פיורה

        Mixed Uterine Mesodermal Tumors: Clinical and Pathological Characteristics

         

        Samuel Ariad, Alexander Rabinovitz, Ilana Yanai-Inbar, Benjamin Piura

         

        Depts. of Oncology and of Pathology, and Gynecology-Oncology Unit, Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        During 1971-1996, 17 patients with mixed mesodermal uterine tumors were treated. Average age at diagnosis was 67.3 years, 12/17 were of European and 5/17 of Afro-Asian extraction. The overall 5-year survival was 21%. 10/17 patients had mixed mesodermal tumors with a heterologous mesenchy-mal element, and 7/17 had a homologous mesenchymal element (carcinosarcoma). 6/17 had another primary malignancy, including breast cancer (3/17), bilateral metachronous breast tumor (2/17), and malignant lymphoma of the neck region (2/17). All 3 with breast cancer had previously been treated with tamoxifen. 1 had simultaneous mesodermal tumor and ovarian thecoma. Simultaneous autoimmune manifestations occurred in 2/17, including thrombocytopenic purpura in 1, and myasthenia gravis in another. Mesodermal tumor of the uterus is a relatively rare malignancy with aggressive behavior and poor prognosis. It also had unusual associations with other primary tumors, hormonal treatment, and autoimmune manifestations.

        אפרים תבורי וסוזן סרד

        Accessibility of Information and Informed Consent: Experiences of Breast Cancer Patients

         

        Ephraim Tabory, Susan Sered

         

        Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan

         

        We studied the social and cultural frameworks that impact on breast cancer patients in the medical system. The subjects were 98 Jewish women who had undergone mastectomy or lumpectomy for cancer 6 months to 3 years prior to the interview. They emanated from a variety of socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds, and reflected the age range of women with breast cancer in the general Jewish population of Israel. Patients were asked about each stage of the medical process they had experienced: diagnosis, surgery, oncological care, and follow-up care. The interview revealed a general perception of having received insufficient information regarding their medical condition and treatment. The problem tended to be most severe during the diagnostic stage, when women had not yet been officially included as patients within the system. The problem was relatively severe during follow-up care, when they often did not have an address for their questions. Few women received a schedule of follow-up care that allowed them to carry on with the many necessary tests in an orderly and comprehensive manner. Most important, systematic absence of informed consent also characterized the decision-making process regarding surgery and oncological treatment. Few women felt they had been informed about treatment options, side-effects, or long-term implications of the treatment offered. We found no indication of inequitable medical treatment that would suggest a manifest pattern of discrimination, but we did find some social variables related to a feeling of insufficient personal care and information. In particular, older women said they received less attention, support, and information from the medical staff relative to the younger women.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303