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        תוצאת חיפוש

        יולי 1999
        יעקב גינדין, משה גייצן, מרינה דושינאט, חנה סיבוני, דליה גולדשטיין, זיוה שפירא, ניצן קונסטנטין, אריה וורם, אריה גולדשמיד ואיתן חי-עם

        Prevalence of Medical Complaints in the Community-Dwelling Elderly

         

        J. Gindin, M. Geitzn, M. Dushenat, H. Siboni, D. Goldstein, Z. Shapira, N. Konstantin, A. Wurm, A. Goldsmid, E. Hay-Am

         

        Geriatric Institute of Education and Research, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot; Pharmacology Dept., Kupat Holim Klalit, Tel Aviv and Central District; and Kupat Holim Klalit, Rishon LeZion

         

        We assessed the prevalence of self-reported medical complaints among the community-dwelling elderly receiving regular medication, and determined associations between health and sociodemographic variables, and the prevalence of complaints.

         

        The study included 170 patients, 60-90 years of age, living at home. Participants were recruited from the 3 main primary care clinics in Rishon LeZion. All were receiving chronic medication and were followed-up utilizing a long-term medication card. Data were gathered in interviews held in patients' homes using a structured questionnaire which included sociodemographics, diseases and medication, mental state assessment by Katzman's score, and a list of 15 medical complaints common among the aged. Relations to age, gender, education, living arrangements, number of diseases and number of medications per patient were determined.

         

        Mean age of participants was 73.2±6.0 years and they suffered an average of 4.07±2.16 diseases and took 5.10±2.83 types of drugs. The most prevalent complaints were: weakness and fatigue (65.0%), agitation and restlessness (56.4%), dry mouth (45.6%), constipation (43.6%) and dizziness (43.2%). The number of diseases, gender, education and age had the strongest associations with the prevalence of specific complaints, as well as their total number. The association between number of medications and mean number of complaints was of borderline significance.

        מרץ 1999
        רונן בן-עמי, רות רחמימוב ושלמה ברלינר

        Danaparoid-Sodium for Dialysis in Heparin-Associated Thrombocytopenia

         

        Ronen Ben Ami, Ruth Rachmimov, Shlomo Berliner

         

        Medicine Dept. D and Anticoagulation Therapy Unit, Tel Aviv-Souraski Medical Center, and Nephrology Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

         

        Danaparoid sodium is an anticomposed of 3 glycosaminoglycans: heparan sulfate, dermatan sulfate and chondroitin sulfate. Similar to heparin, operates by activating antithrombin 3, but does not contain heparin or heparin fragments, and is therefore antigenically distinct.

        Danaparoid has been advocated as a safe and effective anticoagulant for heparin-associated thrombocytopenia. However, there is little experience in its use as a substitute for heparin in hemodialysis.

        We report 2 men, aged 82 and 73 years, respectively, who developed thrombocytopenia while undergoing hemodialysis with heparin, and who subsequently underwent successful dialysis with danaparoid. There was a rise in platelet levels in both while receiving danaparoid, and dialysis was completed without hemorrhagic or thrombotic complications. Danaparoid is a safe and effective substitute for heparin, and may be used as an anticoagulant in hemodialysis.

        ינואר 1999
        ערן תמיר, יגאל מירובסקי ונחום הלפרין

        Epidural Spinal Abscess

         

        E. Tamir, Y. Mirovsky, N. Halperin

         

        Orthopedics Dept., Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin

         

        A 42-year-old man was admitted for fever and severe low back pain radiating to both legs. On MRI, an epidural spinal abscess from S1 to D10 was seen. Treatment included laminectomy, drainage of the abscess and antibiotics. Recovery was complete without neurological damage. Increased awareness of this disease may lead to diagnosis and treatment.

        נובמבר 1998
        ארנה גייר

        Nonpenetrating Deep Sclerectomy

         

        Orna Geyer

         

        Ophthalmology Dept., Tel Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center

         

        This is the first report from Israel of nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy (DS), a new operation for the surgical management of glaucoma. It facilitates ocular fluid drainage without entering the eye. It involves performance of a conjunctival flap and creation of a 565 mm superficial scleral flap. A deeper scleral flap is dissected off the scleral bed together with the roof of the canal and corneal stroma, leaving behind the wall of the canal and membrane. Aqueous will flood the dissected area. A collagen device is then sutured to the scleral bed, the superficial scleral flap sutured into position and the conjunctiva closed. With this procedure, the surgeon can avoid the common complications of conventional glaucoma surgery.

         

        We report a 6-month follow-up of 15 patients after DS. Mean preoperative intraocular pressure was 26.7+2.5 mm Hg, which decreased to 15.5+4.7. After 6 months there was no change in visual acuity after surgery. DS is associated with good middle-term intraocular pressure control and a low rate of postoperative complications. It is therefore a good alternative to standard glaucoma surgery.

        אוקטובר 1998
        ניר הילזנרט ועידית ליברטי

        Multiple Angiodysplastic Lesions of the Colon - a Therapeutic Challenge

         

        Nir Hilzenrat, Edit Liberty

         

        Division of Gastroenterology and Dept. of Medicine E, Soroka Medical Center and Ben-Gurion University, Beer Sheba

         

        Colonic angiodysplasia is one of the most frequent causes of recurrent lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding, mainly in the elderly. In 50% of patients multiple angiodysplastic lesions were reported when they were the cause of rectal bleeding. Bleeding from angiodysplasia is more severe and less responsive to treatment in those with coagulation disorders. A 74-year-old woman with an artificial mitral valve who was treated with coumadine is reported. A few years after operation she began to develop severe recurrent rectal bleeding because of multiple angiodysplastic lesions along the right colon, proven by colonoscopy. She was frequently hospitalized for blood transfusions; endoscopic treatment was not feasible and the surgical risk of colectomy was very high. Treatwith estrogen and progesterone significantly decreased recurrent episodes of bleeding.

        יורם זולברג, אורית נחתומי-שיק, יהושע שמר ומנחם אלקלעי

        Terror in Japan: Mass-Intoxication with the Nerve-Agent Sarin

         

        Yoram Solberg, Orit Nachtomi-Shick, Yehoshua Shemer, Menachem Alcalay

         

        Medical Corps, Israel Defense Forces and Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

         

        During 1994/5 the Japanese civilian population suffered 2 terror attacks by the organophosphorus nerve-agent sarin. In these 2 episodes it is estimated that more than 6000 people were injured, of whom 19 died. The quick and efficient response of the civilian emergency systems to these unforseen, attacks has to be analyzed by local authorities to determine the best solutions in case of another attack. We summarize the events, and note the emergency system's response, the need for rapid and accurate chemical identification of the toxin, the necessity for decontaminating the casualties and for providing protective gear for rescue units in the contaminated area. We also describe the clinical status of the casualties and outline the mode of therapy applied.

        יוני 1998
        אלי אשכנזי וסטיבן ט' אונסטי

        Early Results with Threaded Spinal Cage Fusion Systems

         

        Ely Ashkenazi, Stephen T. Onesti

         

        Neurosurgery Depts. of Hadassah-University Hospital, Jerusalem and Montefiore Medical Center, New York

         

        Lumbar interbody fusion is a surgical technique used to treat symptomatic lumbar disc disease. Low back disorders are the most common of the musculoskeletal disorders causing a tremendous burden of disability. One of the causes of low back pain and radiculopathy is spinal instability, which can be treated by spinal fusion. In the past year, threaded cage systems have become available for segmental lumbar fusion for degenerative disc disease. These systems offer several biomechanical advantages over traditional lumbar fusion and instrumentation techniques, and are better tolerated.

        From December 1996 until June 1997 we operated and fused spines of 17 patients, using 2 different fusion systems (anterior and posterior approaches). We present our early results.

        מאי 1998
        ששון מנחם ופסח שורצמן

        Management of Malignant Bowel Obstruction in Home Care

         

        Menahem Sasson, Pesach Shvartzman

         

        Dept. of Family Medicine, Kupat Holim Klalit and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Malignant bowel obstruction occurs in about 10% of those with advanced abdominal cancer and in about 25% of those with advanced pelvic cancer. Such patients usually develop nausea, vomiting, constipation, abdominal dilatation and colicky pain. Traditional therapy consists of intravenous fluids and decompression by duodenal tube, gastrostomy or operation but postoperative mortality is high. Treatment requires hospitalization and therefor such patients have not been considered candidates for home care.

        Palliative medical techniques can cope with this syndrome and allow home care. Hypodermoclysis, non-prokinetic anti-emetics like haloperidol and scopolamine, octeotride, corticosteroids, and narcotics for severe abdominal pain can alleviate symptoms. Medications can be combined and infused subcutaneously in a syringe driver and patients can remain with their families in their natural environment. Such techniques can give these patients who have short life expectancies reasonable quality of life.

        ינואר 1998
        מאג'ד עודה ואריה אוליבן

        Verapamil-Associated Liver Injury

         

        Majed Odeh, Arie Oliven

         

        Medical Dept. B, Bnai-Zion Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa

         

        Hepatotoxicity due to verapamil is very rare and to the best of our knowledge only 10 cases have been reported. A 54-year-old woman developed cholestatic liver injury and pruritus following treatment with sustained-release verapamil (240 mg/day) for arterial hypertension. The pruritus and all hepatic biochemical abnormalities completely resolved after withdrawal of the drug. Similar to previously reported cases, the pathogenic mechanism of verapamil-associated liver injury in our patient was, most probably, idiosyncratic. These cases emphasize the need for awareness of the possibility that verapamil may occasionally induce liver injury, sometimes severe and potentially fatal.

        מרץ 1997
        סודי נמיר ואלכסנדר לוין

        Esophageal Carcinoma Presenting as Fever of Unknown Origin

         

        Sody Naimer, Alexander Levine

         

        Depts. of Family Medicine, Beer Sheba, and Gush Katif Medical Center

         

        Fever of unknown origin presents both a clinical and diagnostic challenge and is usually caused by inflammatory and neoplastic diseases. We present a unique case of a previously healthy 77-year-old woman whose sole complaint was fever. Complete hospital investigation failed to reveal the underlying process. 4 months after the onset of fever, dysphagia appeared and she was then diagnosed as suffering fsquamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. The question of early barium swallow X-ray in such cases is raised.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
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