Control of Brucellosis in Taibe: Intersectoral Collaboration
Lutfi Jaber, Shmuel Dahan, Ilana Harari
Bridge-to-Peace Community Pediatric Center, Taibe; Community Pediatrics Unit, Schneider Children's Medical Center, Petah Tikva; Sackler Faculty of M, Tel Aviv University; and Israel Ministry of Health, Sharon District
Brucellosis is contracted from domestic animals. Poor hygiene, primitive animal breeding methods and traditional food preparation are the main contributory factors. We describe an intersectoral program for controlling brucellosis in Taibe, an Arab town in Israel, which had a particularly high incidence of the disease in 1992 and 1993.
At the beginning of 1994 the Israel Ministry of Health and the Community Pediatric Center of Taibe established a community-based program for controlling brucellosis in Taibe. It included an intensive public health education campaign and periodic examination and vaccination of animals. Physicians, veterinarians, nurses, school officials and health inspectors were recruited for this purpose. Residents' awareness of brucellosis was determined before and after the study.
After intervention, the incidence of the disease sharply declined from 176.6 and 175.0/100,000 in 1992 and 1993 respectively, to 5.7, 10.4 and 2.5/100,000 in 1994, 1995 and 1996, respectively, (odds-ratio 24.44; p<00000). Residents' awareness of brucellosis and preventive measures were significantly increased by the end of the study. We conclude that intersectoral collaboration is an important tool for controlling brucellosis.