Anatomy and physiology of congenital heart defects.
Cardiac, autonomic and noncardiac causes of syncope and near-syncope.
Cardiac sequelae of HIV/AIDS.
Cardiac sequelae of obstructive sleep apnea.
Cardiac sequelae of oncologic therapy.
Cardiomyopathy, heart failure, and transplantation in the pediatric patient.
Cardiovascular physiology and anatomy.
Cardiovascular sequelae and follow-up in Marfan, William, DiGeorge, Turner, and Noonan syndromes.
Cardiovascular sequelae of pregnancy and the impact of congenital heart disease.
Cardiovascular sequelae of rheumatologic disease.
Cardiovascular sports medicine.
Care of the single ventricle patient.
Cellular electrophysiology (e.g., action potentials and ion channels).
Clinical electrophysiology (e.g., mechanisms of arrhythmias, pacemakers, ablative therapy).
Coagulation and anticoagulation.
Diagnosis and management of arrhythmias.
Diagnosis and management of elevated pulmonary vascular resistance.
Diagnosis and management of intravascular/ intracardiac thrombosis.
Diagnosis and management of left-to-right shunt lesions.
Diagnosis and management of patent ductus arteriosus in premature infants.
Diagnosis and management of right to left shunt lesions.
Diagnosis and management of valvular heart disease, including artificial heart valves.
Diagnostic evaluation of heart murmurs.
Differential diagnosis and management of cardiac tumors.
Differential diagnosis and management of pericardial effusion and pericardial tamponade.
Embryonic, fetal, and postnatal cardiovascular development.
Fetal/ neonatal/ perinatal cardiovascular physiology.
Genetics of cardiovascular diseases of childhood.
Normal cardiovascular anatomy and physiology, including exercise physiology.
Pericarditis and pericardial effusions.
Physics of echocardiography and Doppler analysis.
Physiology and natural history of congenital heart disease.
Preventive cardiology, including prevention of adult acquired heart disease.
Rationale, expectations, and methods of screening for congenital heart disease in neonates with trisomy of chromosome 21, 18 and 13.
Rationale, expectations, and methods of screening for congenital heart disease infants of diabetic pregnancies.
Segmental cardiac analysis.