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  • עברית (HE)
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        אוקטובר 1998

        1 באוקטובר

        עדנה פינצ'ובר

        Art Therapy for Hospitalized Children (Inspired by Elizabeth Kuebler-Ross's Approach)


        Edna Pinchover*


        Pediatric Wards School, Hadassah Hospital (Ein Karem and Mt. Scopus), Jerusalem


        This paper presents a combined strategy for coping with the emotional condition of hospitalized children, and reports the results of its implementation in pediatric wards. The strategy combines art therapy methods with the spiritual-psychological approach developed by Elizabeth Kuebler-Ross. Art therapy uses art for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes; in this study it was employed to encourage the child-patients to express their feelings, and lead them to processes of understanding of and adjustment to their conditions. Kuebler-Ross' methods, known for dealing with difficult emotional situations at the bedside of the seriously ill, were enlisted to build a relationship of trust and respect between patient and therapist.

        The population dealt with consisted of children (age 3-13) injured in road accidents, and cardiac and oncological cases. 7 case studies are brought to demonstrate the integrated therapeutic process. The process starts from the child-patient's artwork, which allows the therapist better insight into emotional conditions and to relate closely to issues brought up by the work. Through conversation with the therapist in an atmosphere of empathy and honest consideration, the patient becomes aware of her/his reactions, behavior, intentions and ambitions.

        The belief underlying this study is that the patient derives from these contacts new abilities which moderate anxieties and strengthen healthy energies. Better collaboration and sounder ways of coping with intrusive medical treatment, as well as more trust and hope seem to emerge from the relationships created by these contacts.


        * Principal of School.

        יהודה שינפלד

        Kaleidoscopic Autoimmunity


        Yehuda Shoenfeld


        Unit for Study of Autoimmune Diseases and Medical Dept. B, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        We describe an 18-year-old girl with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) who developed chronic active hepatitis following splenectomy that cured the ITP. This is a phenomenon in which an organ belonging to the immune system is resected, which results in cure of one autoimmune disease but in the emergence of another, apparently unrelated, second autoimmune disease. We refer to this phenomenon as kaleidoscopic autoimmunity, explaining that some autoimmune diseases are not induced by autoantigen-driven mechanisms, but rather result from immune dysregulation.

        מרים וייל בן הרוש, הדסה גולדברג, אברהם קוטן, יוסף גילבורד ורונית אלחסיד

        Optic Glioma in Children with Type 1 Neurofibromatosis


        M. Ben-Arush, H. Goldberg, A. Kuten, J. Guilbord, R. El-Hassid


        Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Unit, The Northern Israel Oncology Center, and Division of Neurosurgery, Rambam Medical Center; and Technion School of Medicine, Haifa


        During the period 1985-95 we treated 5 girls and 13 boys with optic glioma associated with Type 1 neurofibromatosis (median age 3 years, range 2-10 years). 6 were treated with radiotherapy alone, 1 with surgery and radiation therapy and 1 with chemotherapy in order to postpone irradiation to an older age; 1 is being followed with no therapy. All children are alive, 2-10 years from diagnosis (mean follow-up time 5.4 years). 3 had improvement of vision following therapy and in 4 visual ability stabilized, including the child being followed without treatment. In 1 vision deteriorated despite therapy.

        יורם זולברג, אורית נחתומי-שיק, יהושע שמר ומנחם אלקלעי

        Terror in Japan: Mass-Intoxication with the Nerve-Agent Sarin


        Yoram Solberg, Orit Nachtomi-Shick, Yehoshua Shemer, Menachem Alcalay


        Medical Corps, Israel Defense Forces and Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer


        During 1994/5 the Japanese civilian population suffered 2 terror attacks by the organophosphorus nerve-agent sarin. In these 2 episodes it is estimated that more than 6000 people were injured, of whom 19 died. The quick and efficient response of the civilian emergency systems to these unforseen, attacks has to be analyzed by local authorities to determine the best solutions in case of another attack. We summarize the events, and note the emergency system's response, the need for rapid and accurate chemical identification of the toxin, the necessity for decontaminating the casualties and for providing protective gear for rescue units in the contaminated area. We also describe the clinical status of the casualties and outline the mode of therapy applied.

        בנימין זאבי, מיכאל ברנט, רמי פוגלמן, גלית בר-מור ולאונרד בלידן

        Transcatheter Closure of Atrial Septal Defect


        Benjamin Zeevi, Michael Berant, Rami Fogelman, Galit Bar-Mor, Leonard Blieden


        Cardiology Institute, Schneider Children's Medical Center, Petah Tikva and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        Isolated secundum atrial septal defect is one of the most common congenital heart defects. Surgical closure is the treatment of choice but is associated with a chest scar, some morbidity and a relatively long recovery and the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. Transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect is therefor an attractive approach.

        3 children, aged 5-10 years, underwent successful transcatheter closure of moderate to large central atrial septal defects with the Cardioseal device. The procedures were performed under x-ray and transesophageal echocardiographic guidance.

        Our initial experience, and that of others, indicates that transcatheter occlusion of secundum atrial septal defects is safe and effective and can be an appropriate alternative in approximately 60% of patients.

        שחר צימנד, עינת בירק, מירה פרנד, פטרישה בנימין ויוליוס הגש

        Transcatheter Closure of Atrial Septal Defects: Initial Clinical Applications


        Shahar Zimand, Einat Birk, Mira Frand, Patricia Benjamin, Julius Hegesh


        Dept. of Pediatric Cardiology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Schneider Medical Center, Petah Tikva


        The incidence of congenital heart defects is 0.8% of live-born infants. Of these 13% are ostium secundum atrial septal defects (ASD) which can be successfully repaired by open heart surgery with less than 1% mortality. However, morbidity associated with cardiac surgery is universal. Transcatheter closure of ASDs was introduced 2 decades ago to decrease surgical complications, hospital stay and cost. Few devices have undergone clinical trials but all of them have been associated with instances of failure and complications. The most important mechanism for acute failure was selection of cases with too large a defect or selection of a defective device. In the past decade great progress has been made with the aid of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and modifications of the device. We present our experience in our first 5 patients. They ranged in age from 4 to 27 years; the ASD diameter was 11-15 mm and the device diameter was 17-33 mm. All transcatheter closures were performed on the same day without any complications, and all patients were discharged home after 2 days of hospitalization. We conclude that transcatheter occlusion of ASDs up to 15 mm is feasible, relatively safe and effective. This transcatheter method appears to be a viable alternative to surgery for some patients with secundum atrial septal defects.

        ניר הילזנרט ועידית ליברטי

        Multiple Angiodysplastic Lesions of the Colon - a Therapeutic Challenge


        Nir Hilzenrat, Edit Liberty


        Division of Gastroenterology and Dept. of Medicine E, Soroka Medical Center and Ben-Gurion University, Beer Sheba


        Colonic angiodysplasia is one of the most frequent causes of recurrent lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding, mainly in the elderly. In 50% of patients multiple angiodysplastic lesions were reported when they were the cause of rectal bleeding. Bleeding from angiodysplasia is more severe and less responsive to treatment in those with coagulation disorders. A 74-year-old woman with an artificial mitral valve who was treated with coumadine is reported. A few years after operation she began to develop severe recurrent rectal bleeding because of multiple angiodysplastic lesions along the right colon, proven by colonoscopy. She was frequently hospitalized for blood transfusions; endoscopic treatment was not feasible and the surgical risk of colectomy was very high. Treatwith estrogen and progesterone significantly decreased recurrent episodes of bleeding.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303