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        אפריל 1999

        1 באפריל

        ע' קדם, ע' עציוני, א' שחר וש' פולק

        Clinical and Immunological Characteristics of HIV-Positive AIDS in Children in Northern Israel


        E. Kedem, A. Etzioni, E. Shahar, S. Pollack


        Institute of Immunology, Allergy and AIDS and Dept. of Pediatrics A, Rambam Medical Center and B. Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa


        We are treating 11 children in our AIDS clinic. All were infected by vertical transmission from carrier mothers. However, among 31 HIV-carrier AIDS patients who were under follow-up during pregnancy, supposedly taking zidovudine prophylaxis, only 1 (3.3%) gave birth to a baby infected with HIV. Our children with HIV and AIDS are 3 months to 12 years of age (average 4.5 years); mean age at diagnosis was 18 months. All are either symptomatic or have laboratory evidence of progressive immunodeficiency, 1 is asymptomatic (N2), 1 has mild symptoms (A2) and the rest present significant symptoms or AIDS-defining disease. All have moderate to severe immunodeficiency, as evidenced by CD4+ cells counts. 60% have rapidly progressive disease, based on their symptomatology and immune state, whereas clinical reports in the literature point to only 10-15%. However, the average CD4+ cell count was 22% (749/mm³) at diagnosis and 22% (759/mm³) at last follow-up. These stable findings during an average follow-up of 28 months probably reflect the effect of medical and supportive treatment.

        All received antiretroviral medication consisting of a combination of 2 or 3 drugs. 8 of 11 also received prophylactic treatment against opportunistic infections and 8 of 11 are clinically well. Routine follow-up and a good relationship with the patient's family increase cooperation and promote optimal medical treatment, and consequently improve the clinical condition and quality of life.

        אורנה בראון-אפל, הלנה אנדרייב, מיכה ברחנא ומנפרד גרין

        Smoking and Incidence of Lung Cancer, 1981-1995


        Orna Baron-Epel, Helena Andreev, Micha Barchana, Manfred S. Green


        Israel Center for Disease Control, Ministry of Health, Tel Hashomer, Israel; Cancer Registry, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem, and Dept. of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        Smoking is the dominant risk factor for lung cancer. We compared trends in smoking with those of the incidence of lung cancer in Israel. The proportion of smokers has declined during the past 20 years; the decrease is greater in men than in women, and more marked in the elderly. Since 1980 the age-adjusted incidence of lung cancer in Jewish men has decreased slightly, but in women it has remained constant. Among Arab men there was an increase in age-adjusted incidence of lung cancer and since 1986 it has been higher than in Jewish men.

        The largest decrease in lung cancer incidence was among Jewish men aged 75 and over. This may be explained by data on the age of smoking cessation in the population. It was observed that the main decrease in smoking occurred among men over the age of 55 in the past 20 years, which correlates with the decline in lung cancer observed in the older age group. Lung cancer rates in Israel are lower than in other western countries despite the similar prevalence of smoking, for unknown reasons.

        רפאל נגלר

        Irradiation Injury of the Salivary Glands


        R. M. Nagler


        Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Biochemistry Laboratory, Rambam Medical Center and Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa


        Ionizing irradiation of the salivary glands often leads to severe histological and functional alterations. Such exposure usually occurs during radiotherapy in patients with head and neck malignancy. The consequent xerostomia, often life-long, may result from even relatively low dosage irradiation, and causes a great deal of suffering. We suggest a radiobiological mechanism for this phenomenon which has been studied extensively since first described in 1911. The suggested injurious role of redox active transition metal ions and highly destructive free radicals is discussed in relation to the ultimate radiosensitive cellular target, DNA.

        א' מרגוליס, ו' חתואל, א' ויינברג, א' נוימן, צ' ישראל ומ' ר' וכסלר

        Plagiocephaly in Children: Etiology, Differential Diagnosis and Helmet Treatment


        A. Margulis, V. Hatuel, A. Weinberg, A. Neuman, Z. Israel, M.R. Wexler


        Depts. of Plastic Surgery, Occupational Therapy, and Neurosurgery, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem


        Plagiocephaly in a head-and-neck irradiated rat model or rhomboid-shaped head, occurs in at least 1 in 300 live births. In most cases such asymmetry is not caused by synostosis of the unilateral coronal or lambdoid sutures, but is rather a deformity produced by intrauterine and/or postnatal deformational forces. Categorization and diagnosis of plagiocephaly as synostotic or deformational is reliably made by physical examination and computerized tomography. Its differential diagnosis is extremely important because prompt surgical correction is usually indicated for the synostotic type. In contrast, infants with deformational frontal or occipital plagiocephaly generally respond to helmet treatment.

        10 infants with significant deformational plagiocephaly were treated with individual plastic helmets during the past 2 years and 4 other infants with plagiocephaly are currently being treated. In each instance, cranial asymmetry dramatically improved as the brain grew and the head filled out the helmet. There were no significant complications. Awareness of deformational plagiocephaly allows more accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment, avoiding unnecessary surgical intervention in patients with positional molding.

        דורון אפרמיאן ואליס מרקיציו

        Oral Manifestations of Bulimia Nervosa


        Doron Aframian, Alice Markitziu


        Dept. of Oral Diagnosis, Medicine and Radiology, Hebrew University- Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem


        Bulimia nervosa (BN) is an eating disorder frquently accompanied by changes of the hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity and of the salivary glands. Routine dental examination in a 25-year-old woman disclosed oral signs and symptoms characteristic of BN and she was referred for psychiatric evaluation. Oral evaluation of patients suspected of BN is recommended to prevent irreversible damage to the oral and perioral structures.

        עמוס פייזר, שלמה פורת, טלי ששון, יעקב אפלבוים, יעקב בר-זיו וארוין שוכר

        CT-Guided Excision of Osteoid Osteoma


        A. Peyser, S. Porat, T. Sasson, J. Apelbaum, J. Bar-Ziv, E. Sucher


        Orthopedic Surgery and Radiology Depts., Hadassah University Hospital, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem


        CT-guided excision of osteoid osteoma is a new surgical technique that enables accurate resection of the nidus during 1-day hospitalization. We present 5-year results in 42 patients (26 males and 16 females, mean age 18 years, range 3-46). In 40 out of 42, complaints disappeared immediately after the procedure. The recovery period was short and the return to normal activity was faster than in the open surgical approach. Complications were minimal and transient.

        יורם מור, זוהר דותן, יהונתן פינטהוס, יצחק סנטיאגו אנגלברג, יעקב גולומב ויעקב רמון

        Malignant Lymphoma of the Bladder


        Y. Mor, Z. Dotan, J.H. Pinthus, I.S. Engelberg, J. Golomb, J. Ramon


        Depts. of Urology and Pathology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer


        Urinary tract lymphoma is usually reported when the secondarily stem is affected by widespread non-Hodgkin lymphoma. We describe an 83-year-old woman who presented with secondary lymphoma of the bladder 3 years after diagnosis when it initially infiltrated her breast. Treatment included local transurethral excision followed by chemotherapy, during which she died of disseminated disease.

        דורון זמיר, חן זמיר, שמעון שטורך, מוני ליטמנוביץ' ופלטיאל ויינר

        Acute Malaria in an Israeli Tourist to Kenya


        Doron Zamir, Chen Zamir, Shimon Storch, Moni Litmanovich, Paltiel Weiner


        Dept. of Internal Medicine A, Hadera Sub-District Health Office and Nephrology Dept. and Intensive Care and Infectious Disease Units, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera


        Malaria is 1 of the main causes of death in third world countries. It has become extinct in Israel and imported cases are rare, since most visitors to endemic countries take anti-malarial prophylaxis. We report an Israeli tourist to Kenya infected with falciparum malaria complicated by severe metabolic acidosis, renal failure and adult respiratory distress syndrome. After intensive care treatment this preventable condition improved.

        15 באפריל

        דינה לב, סובחי אבו-עאיד, מרדכי גוטמן, יורם קלוגר, משה מיכוביץ, יצחק מלר, משה ענבר ויוסף קלאוזנר

        Treatment of Retroperitoneal Sarcoma


        Dina Lev-Chelouche, Subhi Abu-Abeid, Mordechai Gutman, Yoram Kluger, Moshe Michovitch, Isaac Meller, Moshe Inbar, Joseph M. Klausner


        Depts. of Surgery B, Orthopedic Oncology and Oncology, Tel Aviv - Sourasky Medical Center (Affiliated with Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University)


        Soft tissue sarcomas are exceedingly rare, making up less than 1% of all solid malignancies. In the retroperitoneum, they tend to be large when diagnosed and are a therapeutic challenge to the surgical oncologist. Our experience with 51 patients with retroperitoneal sarcomas operated on during the past 4 years is presented. 37 were primary and 26 presented as recurrent tumors. The group included many different histological sub-types, the majority being high grade tumors.

        Complete resection was achieved in 84%, necessitating extensive surgery, but was not possible in 8 patients (16%) who underwent partial resection or biopsy only. There was 1 perioperative fatality (2%). 18 (35%) suffered complications, all of which were reversible. The estimated 5-year survival in the complete resection group is 40%, while none of those who underwent partial resection survived more than 2 years. There was significantly better survival in patients with primary, low grade sarcomas which were smaller than 8 cm, compared to those with high-grade, recurrent sarcomas larger than 8 cm. Local recurrence developed in 8 patients of the complete resection group (18%), 2 months to 3 years after surgery.

        These data show that despite the concept of retroperitoneal sarcomas as being aggressive, invasive tumors with a poor prognosis, the prognosis is not unusually bad. With proper surgical technique, resectability may be high, with improved overall survival.

        דוד גורדון, דב לקסמן, יהודית שריג ואסנת גרוץ

        Pelvic Floor Exercise and Biofeedback in Genuine Stress Incontinence


        D. Gordon, D. Luxman, Y. Sarig, A. Groutz


        Women and Children's Division, Liss Hospital, Sourasky-Tel Aviv Municipal Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        Stress urinary incontinence is a medical and social problem. In the past decade there has been increased awareness of this condition and the number of those affected who seek help is increasing. Treatment is usually surgical - elevation of the bladder neck. Pelvic floor exercise is an accepted conservative treatment modality used for mild to moderate cases that have not yet completed their families.

        We present our results in 30 women, aged 28-71 years, av. 49% with genuine stress incontinence treated with pelvic floor exercise and biofeedback. 14 patients (46.7%) were completely cured and 15 (50%) were improved. In only 1 was there no improvement.

        Our results show significant improvement in the duration and intensity of pelvic floor contractions after treatment. Pelvic floor exercise with biofeedback is a very important treatment modality, requiring a highly motivated patient and a physiotherapist specialized in pelvic floor exercise.

        יעל לנדאו וורדה גרוס-צור

        Attentional Characteristics of Developmental Right Hemi-Sphere Syndrome


        Yael E. Landau, Varda Gross-Tsur


        Neuropediatric Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem


        Developmental right hemisphere syndrome (DRHS) is characterized by emotional and interpersonal difficulties, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), visuo-spatial handicaps, subtle left body neurologic signs and failure in nonverbal academic domains, especially arithmetic. Concurrence of ADHD and DRHS is not surprising because research has implicated dysfunction of the right hemisphere in both syndromes. Furthermore, the right hemisphere has more brain areas devoted to attentional processing, making it more important and more vulnerable in attentional problems.

        We describe the clinical parameters of DRHS as exemplified by 2 cases, a boy and a girl, both 13 years old. They participated in a study group in which attention and speed of performance were assessed in children with DRHS and were compared to children with ADHD and to a control group. A tendency to overfocusing, difficulty in inhibition, perseverative behaviors, stereotypy, and slowness and absence of hyperactivity characterized the DRHS group. These behaviors led us to hypothesize that the attentional symptoms in DRHS define a specific subgroup of ADHD which requires a different therapeutic approach.

        רמי קנטור, רחל פאוזנר, לנה פלי וצבי פרפל

        High Alkaline Phosphatase in Subacute Thyroiditis


        Rami Kantor, Rachel Pauzner, Elena Pali, Zvi Farfel


        Dept. of Internal Medicine E, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        Subacute thyroiditis may be hard to diagnose, therefore patients are sometimes misdiagnosed and subjected to unnecessary work-up. We report a 37-year-old man with subacute thyroiditis and a high concentration of serum alkaline phosphatase. After aspirin treatment there was clinical improvement and decrease in rapid ESR, and in high serum thyroxin and alkaline phosphatase. The increased alkaline phosphatase, seen in as many as 50% of patients, is of hepatic origin, and is not caused by high serum thyroxin. Awareness of this relationship may help in diagnosis and may prevent unnecessary diagnostic procedures, which may be invasive.

        זהבי כהן, אלון יולביץ, ואדים קאפולר, ניצה נוימן ואברהם מרש

        Laparoscopic Spermatic Vein Ligation for Varicocele in Adolescents


        Zahavi Cohen, Alon Yulevich, Vadim Kapuler, Niza Newman, Abraham J. Mares


        Pediatric Surgery Dept., Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba


        We report our initial experience with laparoscopic ligation of spermatic veins in the treatment of varicocele in adolescence. 19 boys, 13 to 18 years old, underwent this treatment between I 1997 and III 98. The varicocele was always on the left side. 12 complained of scrotal discomfort and pain, but in 7 it was found incidentally during routine medical examination by the family or school physician. The diagnosis was based only on physical examination.

        There has been no morbidity related to the laparoscopic procedure and all returned to normal activity within a few days. Follow-up 2-12 months after surgery showed no varicocele in any. We conclude that laparoscopy is useful in the treatment of varicocele in adolescents.

        אברהים מטר, משה ולד ושמואל אלדר

        Laparoscopy for Common Bile Duct Stones


        Ibrahim Matter, Moshe Wald, Shmuel Eldar


        Depts. of Surgery and Urology, B'nai-Zion Medical Center, Haifa


        We performed 75 laparoscopic cholecystectomies during July and September 1996. In 3 men and 4 women, aged 32-87 years, there was obstructive jaundice caused by choledocholithiasis. During laparoscopy in the jaundiced patients, calculi were identified by cholangioscopy and intra-operative cholangiography. They were washed into the duodenum (confirmed cholangiographically) after intravenous glucagon injections and dilation of the papilla of Vater.

        Serum bilirubin and liver enzyme levels returned to normal within a few days. There was no operative or postoperative morbidity, nor any biliary-related systemic complications. Average postoperative hospitalization was 3 days.

        גד שקד ומריו גולוקובסקי

        Management of Pancreatic Trauma in Damage-Control Laparotomy


        Gad Shaked, Mario Golocovsky


        Dept. of Surgery and Trauma Service, Soroka University Hospital, Beer Sheba and Dept. of Surgery and Trauma Service, Washington Hospital Center, Washington DC


        Major pancreatic trauma challenges the trauma surgeon with diagnostic problems and choices of treatment modalities. The most important determinant guiding management is the integrity of the main pancreatic duct. The preoperative and intraoperative assessment and treatment of pancreatic injury may be difficult, especially when concurrent severe injuries are present. There are alternative approaches in the management of the traumatized pancreas when ductal injury is not obvious during initial exploratory laparotomy.

        גדעון פרת, רון בן אברהם, אושרת יטיב, אמיר ורדי וזוהר ברזילי

        Intrahospital Transport of Critically Ill Children


        Gideon Paret, Ron Ben Abraham, Oshrat Yativ, Amir Vardi, Zohar Barzilay


        Dept. of Pediatric Intensive Care and of Anesthesiology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and University of Tel Aviv


        Prospective evaluation of intrahospittransportation of 33 critically ill children to and from the pediatric intensive care unit was conducted over the course of a month. Factors contributing to risk of transport were assessed.

        There were 33 children (25 boys and 8 girls), 3 days to 15 years of age. Reasons for admission included: disease and trauma in 19, and status post operation in 11. The pretransport PRISM score was 4.84. 22 children (66.6%) were being mechanically ventilated and 10 (30.3%) were being treated with amines. Transport time ranged from 8-150 minutes. 15 of the transports (45.4%) were urgent and a special intensive care team escorted 22 (66.6%). Equipment mishaps and physiolog-ical deterioration occured in 12 (36.3%) and 11 (30.3%) of the cases, respectively. The use of amines, mechanical ventilation, longer transport time and high PRISM score were all associated with physiological deterioration on transport.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303