Nonpenetrating Deep Sclerectomy
Ophthalmology Dept., Tel Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center
This is the first report from Israel of nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy (DS), a new operation for the surgical management of glaucoma. It facilitates ocular fluid drainage without entering the eye. It involves performance of a conjunctival flap and creation of a 565 mm superficial scleral flap. A deeper scleral flap is dissected off the scleral bed together with the roof of the canal and corneal stroma, leaving behind the wall of the canal and membrane. Aqueous will flood the dissected area. A collagen device is then sutured to the scleral bed, the superficial scleral flap sutured into position and the conjunctiva closed. With this procedure, the surgeon can avoid the common complications of conventional glaucoma surgery.
We report a 6-month follow-up of 15 patients after DS. Mean preoperative intraocular pressure was 26.7+2.5 mm Hg, which decreased to 15.5+4.7. After 6 months there was no change in visual acuity after surgery. DS is associated with good middle-term intraocular pressure control and a low rate of postoperative complications. It is therefore a good alternative to standard glaucoma surgery.