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        תוצאת חיפוש

        מרץ 1999
        גרשון וולפין, ראיק סעיד, וליד סמרי, ברנרד גרימברג ומשה דניאל

        Nerve Palsies Following Prolonged Use of Limb Tourniquets

         

        G. Volpin, R. Said, W. Simri, B. Grimberg, M. Daniel

         

        Depts. of Orthopedic Surgery and Neurology, Western Galilee Hospital, Nahariya

         

        Nerve paralysis following the use of tourniquets, regular or pneumatic, for limb surgery is rare. We describe a 19-year-old male soldier who had tourniquets applied for 3 1/4 hours to his arm and both legs due to penetrating injuries. As a result, he suffered palsy of the radial nerve and both common peroneal nerves. Nerve palsy in such cases has not been described in the literature. It is not clear whether the cause is direct mechanical pressure on the nerve, nerve ischemia, or a combination of both.

        We recommend that tourniquets should not be used continuously for more than 2 hours. If evacuation of the injured is delayed, the medical team should consider loosening tourniquets for short intervals or changing for a pressure bandage. This is providing the patient's condition is stable and bleeding does not start again on release of the tourniquet.

        פברואר 1999
        יאיר סקורניק, סופה ברנדינר, גרא גנדלמן וזאב שטגר

        Cerebellar Infarction: Clinical Presentation, Diagnosis and Treatment

         

        Y. Skurnik, S. Brandiner, G. Gandelman, Z. Shtoeger

         

        Medical Dept., Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot (Affiliated with Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem) and Dept. H, Harzfeld Hospital, Gedera

         

        Cerebellar infarction is relatively infrequent and accounts for about 2% of all strokes. Its clinical presentation and course are variable. It may resemble vestibulitis in mild cases, but the presentation may be more dramatic in other cases. Cerebellar infarction may cause life-threatening complications such as acute hydrocephalus or brain stem compression, resulting from their mass effect in the posterior fossa or extension of the infarct to the brain stem.

        Clinical features alone are insufficient for the diagnosis and for follow-up of patients with cerebellar infarction. However the advent of CT and MRI and their availability enable early diagnosis of cerebellar infarction, and early recognition of the development of acute hydrocephalus or brain stem compression which require surgical decompression. The prognosis of most cases is good when treatment is appropriate.

        ח' שטארקר, ג' וולפין, א' לרנר, ח' שטיין, ש' וינטרוב וד' הנדל

        Ilizarov Reconstructive Surgery in Complex Problems of the Musculoskeletal System

         

        H. Shtarker, G. Volpin, A. Lerner, H. Stein, S. Wientroub, D. Hendel

         

        Depts. of Orthopedic Surgery, Western Galilee Hospital, Naharyia, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Dana Children Hospital, Tel Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, and Rabin Medical Center (Golda Campus, and Hasharon Hospital), Petah Tikva

         

        The Ilizarov technique is an important modality of reconstructive surgery for limb deformities, such as malunion and nonunion of fractures, persistent osteomyelitis, and bone loss following complex limb injuries, as well as in limb- lengthening procedures. It has received wide recognition in the Western world over the past decade. In MEDLINE we found 537 articles published between 1971-1995 that describe the use of this technique. Of these, only 18 were published between 1971-1975, while 261 were published between 1991-1995.

        The present paper describes the developments and updates in this method, as a result of the large experience gained by the authors in a number of centers in Israel using this technique. The Ilizarov apparatus is a circular frame that allows accurate control, much more than any other external fixator, during correction of limb deformities and limb-lengthening. It is minimally invasive, and open techniques and use of internal hardware and bone grafts are not needed.

        Based on our experience, we suggest that this method requires careful preoperative planning and meticulous surgical technique. More important, cooperation between surgeon and patient throughout the lengthy treatment is a prerequisite to ensure complete success, even in the most complicated cases.

        ינואר 1999
        ערן תמיר, יגאל מירובסקי ונחום הלפרין

        Epidural Spinal Abscess

         

        E. Tamir, Y. Mirovsky, N. Halperin

         

        Orthopedics Dept., Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin

         

        A 42-year-old man was admitted for fever and severe low back pain radiating to both legs. On MRI, an epidural spinal abscess from S1 to D10 was seen. Treatment included laminectomy, drainage of the abscess and antibiotics. Recovery was complete without neurological damage. Increased awareness of this disease may lead to diagnosis and treatment.

        אוגוסט 1998
        סמיח בדארנה, ניר גלעדי וסילביה הוניגמן

        Botulinum Toxin Injection Effective for Post-Peripheral Facial Nerve Palsy Synkinesis

         

        Samih Badarny, Nir Giladi, Silvia Honigman

         

        Dept. of Neurology, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa; and Movement Disorders Unit, Dept. of Neurology, Tel Aviv Medical Center

         

        Facial synkinesis is an involuntary activation of muscles innervated by the zygomatic or mandibular branche of the facial nerve in conjunction with voluntary activation of the other branch. It appears frequently after recovery from peripheral facial nerve paralysis. We report 10 patients with facial synkinesis following Bell's palsy with a mean duration of synkinesis of 7±4 years before treatment with periorbital injections of Botulinum toxin type A. 9 had marked subjective and objective improvement starting a few days after injection andlasting 4-9 months. The results suggest a useful treatment option for post-Bell's palsy facsynkinesis with Botulinum toxin type A.

        מאי 1998
        א' הלוי, א' עופר וב' גרטי

        Benign Intracranial Hypertension following Minocyclin

         

        A. Halevy, I. Offer, B. Garty

         

        Pediatric Depts. A and B, Schneider Children's Hospital, Petah Tikva and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        A 15-year-old girl, who had been treated with minocyclin for acne for 2 months, was admitted for investigation of headache, nausea and papilledema. A space-occupying lesion was ruled out by computerized brain tomography. The diagnosis of benign intracranial pressure (pseudo-tumor cerebri) was made because of elevated cerebrospinal fluid pressure with normal biochemistry and cytology. Tetracyclines, especially minocyclin, commonly used for treating acne in adolescents, can cause benign intracranial pressure.

        אפריל 1998
        גלית בן אמיתי, יורם נבו, דבורה ליברמן, רוברטו מסטר ושאול הראל

        Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in Children

         

        G. Ben-Amitay, Y. Nevo, D. Lieberman, R. Mester, S. Harel

         

        Ness Ziona Mental Health Center, Institute for Child Development and Pediatric Neurology Unit, Tel Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, and Tel Aviv University Medical School

         

        Cyclic vomiting syndrome in children is a manifestation of various etiologies, including gastroenterological and renal disorders, central and autonomic nervous system abnormalities, as well as metabolic and endocrine dysfunction. Frequently no organic cause is found. Personality profiles of children with cyclic vomiting reveal perfectionism, competitiveness, and aggressive behavior. Vomiting attacks have been induced by anxiety and excitement in patients with cyclic vomiting. We describe an 8-year-old girl with cyclic vomiting, frequently associated with occipital headaches, photophobia or dizziness. Psychiatric evaluation indicated a generalized anxiety disorder.

        יפה שיף וטלי לרמן-שגיא

        Ketogenic Diet for Intractable Epilepsy in Adults

                   

        Yaffa Schiff, Tally Lerman-Sagie

         

        Nutrition and Diet Unit, Tel Aviv Medical Center; and Pediatric Neurology Unit, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon; and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        The ketogenic diet is an accepted alternative for children with intractable generalized or multi-focal seizures not amenable to surgery. It is not commonly used in adults because of the impression that the diet is less effective after childhood, when it is more difficult both to achieve ketosis and to change dietary habits. We present a 20-year-old man with intractable epilepsy since early childhood who is being treated with great success by a medium-chain triglyceride ketogenic diet. It has not only controlled the seizures but has also improved quality of life. We recommend a therapeutic trial of the ketogenic diet in intractable epilepsy for all ages.

        פברואר 1998
        עאיד מחאג'נה, דאוד שריף, בועז וולר, אדוארד אבינדר ובנימין שרף

        Diagnosis of Cerebral Embolism by Transesophageal Echocardiography

         

        A. Mahagney, D. Sharif, B. Weller, E. Abineder, B. Sharf

         

        Depts. of Neurology and Cardiology, Bnai Zion Hospital, Haifa

         

        Cerebrovascular events have high mortality and morbidity, especially in the elderly. Ischemia is the main cause and 30% of the ischemic events are embolic and of cardiac origin. The clinical picture is not always typical of the type of stroke, but diagnosis of the mechanism of the event determines treatment. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a sensitive procedure more appropriate for diagnosing emboli of cardiac origin than transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). We therefor compared TEE and TTE in the determination of the source of emboli in 65 patients with ischemic stroke but without significant atherosclerotic changes in their carotid arteries, and compared these findings with those in 50 patients without stroke. 68% of the patients had potential sources of emboli according to TEE, compared to only 15% according to TTE. In the control group only 24% had potential sources of emboli by TEE. The findings were: clots in the left atrium, severe aortic atheroma, patent foramen ovale with paradoxical shunt, spontaneous echocardiography contrast, vegetations and mitral valve prolapse. The study showed that TEE is better than TTE in detecting the etiology of embolic stroke in those with normal carotid arteries, thus determining appropriate management.

        ח' סמו, א' אדונסקי וא' גרוסמן

        Orthostatic Hypotension as a Manifestation of Malignant Lymphoproliferative Disease

         

        H. Semo, A. Adunsky, E. Grossman

         

        Depts. of Geriatric Medicine and of Medicine D, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

         

        An 85-year-old man was admitted with 6-month history of incapacitating orthostatic hypotension. Investigation led to the discovery of sympathetic dysautonomia, sensorimotneuropathy and malignant lymphoproliferative disease. Several attempts to treat the orhypotension or the neoplastic disease failed to improve his condition. Orthostatic hypotension precipitated by sympathetic dysautonomia may be an infrequent effect of early malignant lymphoproliferative disease.

        רון בן אברהם, נח ליברמן, צבי רם, סילביה קלמפנר ועזריאל פרל

        Propofol Anesthesia for Craniotomy in Patients who are Awake

         

        Ron Ben Abraham, Noah Lieberman, Zvi Ram, Sylvia Klempner, Azriel Perel

         

        Depts. of Anesthesia and Intensive Care and of Neurosurgery, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        During craniotomy, the patient's cooperation is needed during procedures in which continuous neurological examination and mapping of crucial regions close to the area to be resected area are required. We report our experience in 9 patients who underwent such procedures under intravenous propofol as the main sedating agent. This short-acting hypnotic was administered prior to and during the painful stages of the procedure. Patients were fully asleep when the skull was opened and the dural flap raised or excised. During the rest of the operation patients were lightly sedated but remained responsive and cooperative. This enabled precise intra-operative mapping of the brain and surgery-related neurological deficits were avoided. Respiratory depression or hemodynamic compromise were not encountered. All patients were comfortable during the operation and there were no additional neurological deficits after operation. We believe that propofol should be the main sedating agent used for these procedures.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303