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        תוצאת חיפוש

        ינואר 1999
        ענת בן-עמי, גרא גנדלמן, דוד ארגז וזאב שטגר

        Meningitis Due to Streptococcus Bovis Type 2


        Anat Ben-Ami, Gera Gandelman, David Ergaz, Zev Shtoeger


        Dept. of Medicine B, Kaplan Hospital, Rehovot (Affiliated with the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical School)


        Meningitis due to Streptococcus bovis is rare. Only 14 cases having been reported in the English literature. All patients (including the patient described) had an underlying disease or were treated by pharmacological agents that predisposed the patient to the infection. Most were treated by monotherapy with penicillin G (or amoxicillin) and recovered.

        We describe a 74-year-old woman who had splenectomy as treatment for hairy cell leukemia 6 months before hospitalization for meningitis and sepsis by S. bovis type 2. She was successfully treated with intravenous amoxicillin. There was neither evidence of endocarditis nor carcinoma of the colon. Although the association between S. bovis meningitis and endocarditis or carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract is not well established, we recommend a full work-up for GI malignancy and endocarditis in every patient with S. bovis meningitis.

        דצמבר 1998
        דורון זמיר, רסמי מג'דלה ופלטיאל וינר

        Normotensive Hydrocephalus Complicating Recurrent E. Coli Meningitis


        Doron Zamir, Rasmi Magadle, Paltiel Weiner


        Dept. of Medicine A, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera


        E. coli meningitis is a disease that occurs in predisposed patients, either as a result of trauma or in neonates after neurosurgery. Recurrent E. coli meningitis in an adult without any apparent predisposition is uncommon, and hydrocephalus complicating bacterial meningitis is even more rare. We report a unique case of a 67-year-old alcoholic man who had had 2 consecutive episodes of E. coli meningitis within 2 months. In both episodes there was a favorable response to ceftriaxone. However, normotensive hydrocephalus appeared a few weeks later, with mental and physical deterioration.

        נובמבר 1998
        פטר יעקובי, אורלי גולדשטיק, רנטו פינקלשטיין ויוסף איצקוביץ-אלדור

        Empirical Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in the Delivery Room


        Peter Jakobi, Orly Goldstick, Renato Finkelstein, Joseph Itzkovitz-Eldor


        Obstetrics and Gynecology Dept. and Infectious Disease Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa


        Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial infection during pregnancy. In prenatal and delivery wards treatment is usually started at once in pregnant women with symptoms suggesting UTI, but there is no uniformity as to treatment. We surveyed such treatment in the delivery rooms throughout Israel, and whether the treatment differed in simple cystitis as opposed to pyelonephritis. Results of positive urine cultures from symptomatic parturients admitted here during 1995-1996 were examined.

        There were 17 different empiric treatment protocols in 28 delivery rooms, whose daily cost ranged from 1-119 NIS. We present the antimicrobial sensitivity of 156 bacteria isolated from the urinary cultures from pregnant women in our prenatal ward. Based upon urinary flora, sensitivity and daily cost, we suggest a protocol for empiric treatment. We recommend first and second generation cephalosporins for treatment of simple lower (UTIs), while gentamicin is suggested for treatment of clinical pyelonephritis during pregnancy. There is no medical nor economic justification for the multiplicity of empiric treatment protocols currently used. Considering our results, our protocol is cost-effective for the empiric treatment of UTI in hospitalized parturients and in the community as well.

        מרץ 1998
        חנה באור, ישראל פוטסמן ונאורה פיק

        Intradermal Hepatitis B Vaccination in Those Not Responsive to Intra-Muscular Vaccination


        Hanna Bauer, Israel Potasman, Neora Pick


        Infectious Disease Unit, Bnai Zion Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa


        Health care workers are at continuous risk of hepatitis B infection. Currently recommended intramuscular vaccination confers immunity in only 85-90%. We examined the immunogenicity and safety of intradermal vaccination of hepatitis B vaccine in nonresponders. 400 hospital employees who had been immunized as recommended were screened for anti-HBs antibodies and 50 were found seronegative. Each received an intramuscular booster injection and antibody level was measured a month later. Excluded were 33 employees, including 24 late responders, 2 HbsAg carriers and 7 uncooperative employees. 17 employees (mean age 47.1 yrs) then received a series of 3 intradermal injections of Energix B, 0.25 ml in the forearm, 2-3 weeks apart. The mean number of previous intramuscular injections was 4.6±1.4 month later there was a mean titer of 315.4±347.0 miu/ml of antibody in 16/17 workers. Side effects were minimal. Intradermal injection of hepatitis B vaccine for nonresponders seems effective for inducing seroconversion. Its cost-effectiveness for the health care system warrants assessment.

        ינואר 1998
        א' פרסמן, י' קנדליס, י' בכר וג' מוגילנר

        Onchocerca in Israel


        A. Pressman, Y. Kandelis, Y. Bachar, G. Mogilner


        Depts. of Pediatric Surgery and Pathology, Bnei-Zion Medical Center and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa


        The parasite Onchocerca volvulus is well-known in its endemic areas in South and Central America and West Africa. It is transmitted to man by simulium flies and causes systemic infection with skin, lymphatic and ophthalmic manifestations and can cause blindness (river blindness). Treatment with Ivermectin is effective but sometimes there is need for surgical intervention to prevent or treat complications. We describe an 11-year-old girl, a new immigrant from Ethiopia, who had a firm mass in her left thigh, caused by Onchocerca volvulus. It was completely excised. This is a very rare condition in Israel, which must be considered in patients coming from endemic areas.

        צבי שטיינר, יפים קנדליס, ג'ורג' מוגילנר, דינה אטיאס ויצחק סרוגו

        Conservative Approach in Children with Central Line Infection 

        Zvi Steiner, Yafim Kandelis, George Mogilner, Dina Atias, Isaac Srugo


        Dept. of Pediatric Surgery, and Hematology and Clinical Microbiology Units, Bnei-Zion Medical Center, and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa


        In 1994-1995, central venous lines were placed in 47 children. All except 1 were of the Broviac type, with subcutaneous tunneling via the internal or external jugular vein. Ages were between 7 days and 16 years. Indications for central venous cannulation were chemotherapy (35 cases), TPN (5), prolonged parenteral antibiotics (4), and repeated blood transfusions (3). The catheter was the source of infection in 13 children (28%), 11 of whom were immunocompromised. The commonly identified bacteria were Staphylococcus aureus (4 cases), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4), coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (2), and various gram-negative rods (3). All cases were treated with antibiotics through the catheter. The most commonly used were oxacillin (4), ceftazidime (4), and amikacin (4). In 10, treatment succeeded without having to remove the line. In 2 others, tunnel infection developed and the catheter had to be removed. 1 child forcefully removed his catheter before treatment could be started. There were no further complications in the group treated conservatively, except for a case of superior vena cava thrombosis in a girl with recurrent infection of the tunnel. In 7 out of 13 treatment was continued and completed at home. This saved 65 days of hospitalization out of 210. We conclude that the conservative approach to treatment is feasible in most cases of infection when the source is the central venous catheter itself. However, when the tunnel is infected, conservative treatment may be ineffective. Treatment can be carried out in the home, with economy in cost and in use of hospital beds, and is preferred by patients and their parents.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303