• כרטיס רופא
  • אתרי הר"י
  • צרו קשר
  • פעולות מהירות
  • עברית (HE)
  • מה תרצו למצוא?

        תוצאת חיפוש

        מאי 1999
        חנה ארד, חנה גבע, ואלרי רוזין, רות קיבריק ויצחק קרש

        Home Palliative Care of Terminal Cancer Patients, with Family Feedback

         

        Hana Arad, Hana Geva, Valery Rosin, Ruth Kibrik, Isaac Kersz

         

        Home Care Unit of Kupat Holim Haklalit, HaEmek Medical Center, Afula and Quality Improvement Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

         

        Palliative care of terminal cancer patients is one of the tasks of our Home Care Unit. Increasing hospitalization costs have brought forward the decision to treat them at home, assuming that they would prefer to return and die in their natural surroundings, among family.

         

        Most of our patients are aged, recent immigrants from the Soviet Union, of low socioeconomic status; most live with their close families. Our care model combines social, cultural, economic, medical and nursing aspects. More patients choose to die at home, and that is where costs are minimal. Care management and characteristics of 44 terminal cancer patients, who died between January and October 1996, are described. Living with a family was not required for treatment at home. Length of care by the unit ranged from 1-48 weeks, with an average of 8.5 and a median of 6. 55% of patients were hospitalized, most (58%) for 5-9 days for noncancerous diseases, and then discharged home. 54% died at home, a third were hospitalized for 2-17 days before death. Compared to the average length of stay in palliative care oncology wards, 1044 days and more than NIS 500,000 were saved.

         

        A telephone survey examined families' satisfaction with various components of care. 92% were satisfied with the home treatment. 79%-82% felt that the nurse and doctor of the team met their needs and expectations. Half the families were satisfied with the treatment of pain. Families in which treatment was 24 weeks or more were generally less satisfied than those with shorter treatment at home. We learned that an early entry into treatment is necessary; hospital referral criteria should consider to a greater extent the coping ability of families; nursing aid hours should be increased and professional emotional support added; additional pain control methods should be used. All these would strengthen families, improve quality of care, and contribute to additional savings by decreasing hospital stay.

        שרהלי גלסר וויטה בראל

        Depression Scale for Research in and Identification of Postpartum Depression

         

        Saralee Glasser, Vita Barell

         

        Health Services Research Unit, Ministry of Health, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

         

        Postpartum depression (PPD) is a relatively frequent and serious condition, with negative consequences for the mother, her infant, and the family. From research and clinical experience in many countries, it has been found that PPD can be identified early, and women at risk for developing PPD can be identified before delivery in the framework of primary health care service. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) has been found valid for this purpose, both in the original English version, and in translation to numerous languages. The Hebrew translation of the EPDS is presented, and it is recommended that Israeli researchers use the same translation to facilitate accumulation of knowledge regarding the epidemiology of PPD and intervention strategies in various Israeli population groups, and for comparison with data from other countries.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303