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        תוצאת חיפוש

        דצמבר 1999
        יוסף קוריאנסקי, אלחנדרו סינס, דני רוזין, אמיליאם אוסטודיו ולאוריאנו פרננדס קרוז

        Extraperitoneal Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy

         

        J. Kuriansky, A. Saenz, D. Rosin, E. Astudillo, L. Fernandez-Cruz

         

        Dept. of General Surgery and Transplantation, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, and Dept. of Surgery, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona

         

        Laparoscopic adrenalectomy has recently been shown to be safe and effective for a variety of benign adrenal tumors, such as aldosterone adenoma, pheochromocytoma, nonfunctioning adenoma, Cushing's adenoma and Cushing's syndrome. Recently, laparoscopic surgeons adopted an extraperitoneal approach in which a space is created by the introduction of a trocar with an inflatable balloon tip. This technique with a minimal access procedure provides direct access to the adrenal glands without interfering with intraperitoneal organs.

        Laparoscopic adrenalectomy using the extraperitoneal approach was completed in 18/20 consecutive patients. Mean operative time was 95 min (range 80-120) and median hospital stay 3 days. Blood transfusion was not required, and there were no postoperative complications.

        מאי 1999
        אורנה לוינסון, שמואל אורן, חנה יגיל, מרינה ספוג'ניקוב, אלכסנדר וקסלר, רוזנה בלוק ויורם יגיל

        ACE Gene Polymorphism in a Diabetic Cohort and Diabetic Nephropathy

         

        Orna Levinson, Shmuel Oren, Chana Yagil, Marina Sapojnikov, Alexander Wechsler, Rosanna Bloch, Yoram Yagil

         

        Laboratory for Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba and Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon

         

        The renin-angiotensin system is thought to play an important role in the pathophysiology of kidney disease in diabetes. Previous studies have shown a possible association between the D allele of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene, known to be associated with higher circulating levels of ACE, and increased risk of developing nephropathy in NIDDM. The present study investigated the distribution of ACE gene genotypes in the general population and patients with NIDDM, the association between the D allele and diabetic nephropathy, and the association between the ACE genotype and involvement of other target organs in NIDDM. The ACE genotype (insertion/deletion I/D) was determined in all subjects, subsequently divided into 3 groups based on their polymorphism (DD, DI and II). The presence of nephropathy was defined by an albumin-creatinine ratio of 30 mg/g or greater (mean of 2 first morning urine samples).

         

        In the general population most had the D allele (DD or ID) and a minority the II genotype. There was no association between genotype and hypertension, ischemic heart disease, hyperlipidemia, and cerebrovascular or peripheral vascular disease. In diabetics the genotype distribution was not different from that in the general population. Within the diabetic group, there was no association between genotype and hypertension, hyperlipidemia, duration of diabetes, or HbA1C levels. Nephropathy, found in 81 of the 156 with NIDDM, was not associated with genotype. Diabetic nephropathy was not associated with retinopathy, neuropathy, or ischemic heart, cerebrovascular or peripheral vascular disease. We conclude that in the population sampled, there was no association between the D allele of the ACE gene and the risk of developing nephropathy in NIDDM.

        נובמבר 1998
        אברהם ישי ורפאל לובושיצקי

        Diagnosis of Hyperprolactinemia: Determination at Rest Rules Out Stress-Induction

         

        Avraham Ishay, Rafael Luboshitzky

         

        Endocrine Institute, HaEmek Medical Center, Afula and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa

         

        We present 3 women who were referred for evaluation of stress-related mild-to-moderate hyperprolactinemia. This frequent finding may mistakenly be considered a clinical problem, and lead to inappropriate investigation and therapy. We emphasize the importance of serial blood sampling for prolactin determination. We collected blood samples repeatedly under resting conditions from an indwelling venous brachial catheter, every 30 minutes for a total of 6 samples. All 3 patients had normal prolactin levels 30-60 minutes after starting the test. Neither further investigation nor medical therapy were needed and these anxious patients were reassured that their hyperprolactinemia was factitious.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303