Is Ileostomy Necessary In Surgical Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis and Familial Polyposis?
Michael M. Krausz, Simon Daniel Duek
Dept. of Surgery A, Rambam Medical Center, Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa
Proctolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) has become the procedure of choice for the surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) and familial polyposis (FP). Ithas traditionally been performed in 2 stages, but recently the necessity for an ileostomy hbeen challenged by several authors who recommend a 1-stage procedure.
5 years ago we started to test this policy for treatment of UC and FP. In 48 patients (Group A), 45 with UC, the 2-step procedure, and in 17 of the 27 in Group B with FP, the 1-stage procedure were performed. The indications for surgery were intractable UC in 37 patients in group A and in 5 patients in Group B (p<0.01).
Postoperative infection due to bowel leakage developed in 2 in Group A and in 6 in Group B (p<0.01). Reoperation was necessary in 4 patients (15%) in Group B and only 1 (0.9%) in Group A (p<0.01). Bowel leakage in Group B occurred in 5 (19%) with UC and in only 1 with FP (p<0.05), which responded to medical treatment. All those with UC who developed this complication were relatively malnourished, with serum albumin levels lower than 3.0 g% and were regulated with corticosteroids.
We therefore conclude that the 2-stage IPAA is feasible and safe for the treatment of UC and FP. The 1-stage IPAA should be limited only to FP or good risk UC patients.