• כרטיס רופא
  • אתרי הר"י
  • צרו קשר
  • פעולות מהירות
  • עברית (HE)
  • מה תרצו למצוא?

        תוצאת חיפוש

        ינואר 2002
        רחלי דנקנר וויטה בראל ז"ל

        רחלי דנקנר וויטה בראל ז"ל

         

        בנוסף להשפעתה החיובית הרבה של פעילות גופנית על הבריאות, היא עלולה לגרום לפציעות ולנזק. בישראל הפכה עם השנים הפעילות הגופנית לחלק מפעילות שעות הפנאי, ועימה עולה הסיכון להיפגעות. קיימים משתנים ייחודיים בספורט המשפיעים על הסיכון להיפגע. מרבית פגיעות הספורט הן קלות ואינן מצריכות טיפול בבית-חולים. אולם לעתים עלולה פגיעת ספורט להיות קשה, עד כדי אישפוז בבית-חולים, נכות ללצמיתות ואף מוות. בישראל אין עדיין מערכת מידע כוללנית לגבי פגיעות ספורט, אך ניתן ללמוד על שיעור הפגיעות באוכלוסיות מוגדרות עליהן מבוצעים סקרים נקודתיים. מהנתונים של המערכת לרישום טראומה לאומית של משרד הבריאות ניתן ללמוד, כי בשנים 1995-1996 אושפזו בישראל בחמישה בתי-חולים (שלושה מרכזי-על ושני בתי-חולים בפריפריה) 4,023 ילדים בגילי 5-17 שנה עקב פגיעות טראומטיות. מתוכם, שלוש מאות חמישים ושישה (356) (8.8%) אושפזו עקב פגיעות שאירעו קרוב לוודאי בזמן פעילות ספורט ופעילות פנאי.

        נודעת חשיבות רבה לפיתוח וטיפוח גישות מנע, הן על-ידי העמקת הידע לגבי אופי הפגיעות והן על-ידי התחקות אחר מנגנוני התרחשותן. מן הצורך להקים מערכת לאומית לרישום פציעות ספורט, על-מנת שתספק מידע על האוכלוסייה שבסיכון ועל ממדי ההיפגעות. נתונים אלה יאפשרו נקיטת פעולות מנע יעילות.

        ינואר 2001
        רפאל גורודישר, לורה הרצוג וערן הרצוג

        Prevention and Treatment of Procedural Pain in Pediatric Wards

         

        R. Gorodischer, L. Herzog, E. Herzog

         

        Depts. of Pediatrics A and Anesthesiology, Soroka University Medical Center; and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Present knowledge and available pharmacological agents allow for adequate prevention and treatment of pain in children. We present guidelines we prepared for the prevention and treatment of procedural pain in children in our general pediatric ward. This followed extensive review of the literature, participation in scientific meetings, discussions with experts and consultation with interested clinicians. Successful implementation of the guidelines requires increased appreciation of the importance of pain prevention, participation of the nursing, as well as medical staff, and ability to evaluate pain in children of various ages.
         

        אוקטובר 1999
        מרק ויינברג, ברוך קלין ויצחק וינוגרד

        One-Stage Surgery for Hirschsprung's Disease in Children

         

        Mark Weinberg, Baruch Klin, Itzhak Vinograd

         

        Dept. of Pediatric Surgery, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Traditionally Hirschsprung's disease has been treated by 2-or 3-stage procedures. During the past 6 years a 1-stage Duhamel procedure without stoma has become our treatment of choice for Hirschsprung's disease in neonates and young infants. Over a 6-year period, 15 infants and children with colonic Hirschsprung's disease were treated with the 1-stage Duhamel retro-rectal pull-through procedure without a stoma, with the Lester-Martin modification. All patients had the usual short segment aganglionosis, but 1 had a long segment which included the splenic flexure.

        Early complications included wound infection in 1 and minor rectal bleeding in 3. Late complications included constipation in 1 and enterocolitis in 4. Long-term functional results were very good in all those operated except for 1 with rectal achalasia.

         

        We conclude that Hirschsprung's disease can be successfully treated with a 1-stage pull-through operation, the child usually benefitting from the shorter hospital stay and the avoidance of a colostomy.

        אפריל 1999
        גדעון פרת, רון בן אברהם, אושרת יטיב, אמיר ורדי וזוהר ברזילי

        Intrahospital Transport of Critically Ill Children

         

        Gideon Paret, Ron Ben Abraham, Oshrat Yativ, Amir Vardi, Zohar Barzilay

         

        Dept. of Pediatric Intensive Care and of Anesthesiology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and University of Tel Aviv

         

        Prospective evaluation of intrahospittransportation of 33 critically ill children to and from the pediatric intensive care unit was conducted over the course of a month. Factors contributing to risk of transport were assessed.

        There were 33 children (25 boys and 8 girls), 3 days to 15 years of age. Reasons for admission included: disease and trauma in 19, and status post operation in 11. The pretransport PRISM score was 4.84. 22 children (66.6%) were being mechanically ventilated and 10 (30.3%) were being treated with amines. Transport time ranged from 8-150 minutes. 15 of the transports (45.4%) were urgent and a special intensive care team escorted 22 (66.6%). Equipment mishaps and physiolog-ical deterioration occured in 12 (36.3%) and 11 (30.3%) of the cases, respectively. The use of amines, mechanical ventilation, longer transport time and high PRISM score were all associated with physiological deterioration on transport.

        א' מרגוליס, ו' חתואל, א' ויינברג, א' נוימן, צ' ישראל ומ' ר' וכסלר

        Plagiocephaly in Children: Etiology, Differential Diagnosis and Helmet Treatment

         

        A. Margulis, V. Hatuel, A. Weinberg, A. Neuman, Z. Israel, M.R. Wexler

         

        Depts. of Plastic Surgery, Occupational Therapy, and Neurosurgery, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem

         

        Plagiocephaly in a head-and-neck irradiated rat model or rhomboid-shaped head, occurs in at least 1 in 300 live births. In most cases such asymmetry is not caused by synostosis of the unilateral coronal or lambdoid sutures, but is rather a deformity produced by intrauterine and/or postnatal deformational forces. Categorization and diagnosis of plagiocephaly as synostotic or deformational is reliably made by physical examination and computerized tomography. Its differential diagnosis is extremely important because prompt surgical correction is usually indicated for the synostotic type. In contrast, infants with deformational frontal or occipital plagiocephaly generally respond to helmet treatment.

        10 infants with significant deformational plagiocephaly were treated with individual plastic helmets during the past 2 years and 4 other infants with plagiocephaly are currently being treated. In each instance, cranial asymmetry dramatically improved as the brain grew and the head filled out the helmet. There were no significant complications. Awareness of deformational plagiocephaly allows more accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment, avoiding unnecessary surgical intervention in patients with positional molding.

        דצמבר 1998
        יהודה לימוני ופסח שוורצמן

        Influence of Warning Labels on Medicines and Physicians' Orders on Patient Behavior

         

        Yehuda Limony, Pesah Shwarzman

         

        Child Health Center of Kupat Holim Klalit, Kiryat Gat and Dept. of Family Medicine, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Compliance of 40 mothers with a warning label, "for external use," on a medicine package was checked in a survey in a primary care clinic for children. We also checked parents' attitudes to giving a medicine to their child when instructions given by the physician or by a friend contradicted the printed warning on the label. All mothers who were told that the medicine was recommended by their physicians accepted the recommendation without hesitation. Another group included 20 mothers who were told that the medicine was recommended by a friend. 9 of 20 mothers in this group refused to use the medicine. Talking with the nurse about the potential risk of medicine in general, some mothers, after second thought, refused to give the medicine to their child. At the end, 65% of recommendations made by a friend were rejected by mothers as compared to only 15% of the physicians' recommendations.

         

        35 of 40 mothers (87%) understood the meaning of the warning label, but only 13 (32%) had noticed it at all. We conclude that patients may accept their physicians' recommendation to use a medicine despite a contradictory warning label much more readily than when it was recommended by a friend. Therefore, any intervention program intended to promote a more cautious use of medicines should include not only the explanations of the various warning labels but should also promote a change in the patient's behavior to a more active search for warning labels.

        ריבה בריק

        Methotrexate Treatment in Refractory Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

         

        R. Brik

         

        Pediatrics B Dept., Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

         

        The mean time from initiation of methotrexate (MTX) treatment of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) to partial remission of clinical symptoms and total clinical remission was assessed. 9 girls and 8 boys, from 3 to 18 years of age (mean 11.4±5.4) with active JRA by American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria (5 systemic, 8 polyarticular and 4 pauciarticular disease onset), who failed to respond to adequate courses of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), steroids or disease-modidrugs were studied.

         

        Clinic visits were scheduled at monthly intervals for physical and laboratory assessment disease activity and drug safety. Partial response to MTX was defined a 25% reduction of the active joint count and/or articular severity score. Total clinical remission was defined as in adult rheumatoid arthritis. The duration of disease activity until enrollment ranged from 6 months to 14 years (4.5±3.7 yr); duration of therapy was 3 months to 3 years (14.6±9.3mo) and dosage ranged from 5 to 15 mg/m²/week. Prednisone in doses below 10 mg/day and NSAID were permitted.

        14 of 17 patients (82%) had a 25% reduction in joint activity after 6 weeks to 4 months (9.2±3.2 weeks); 10 (59%) went into full clinical remission after 5 to 26 months (14.3±9 months); 3 relapsed after an initial response to treatment, and 4 (23%) did not respond to MTX. The non-responders were males who required higher doses of prednisone (p<0.0001).

        MTX appears to be effective therapy for children with JRA. An initial response can be expected in most patients after 9 weeks of treatment, and full clinical remission occurs after a mean of 14 months.

        נובמבר 1998
        יונית גולד ושמעון רייף

        Aphthous Stomatitis as a First Manifestation of Crohn's Disease in a Child

         

        Y. Gold, S. Reif

         

        Dana Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Medical Center

         

        The incidence of Crohn's disease has risen dramatically over the past few years. The peak age of onset is in late adolescence, but it rarely occurs in the first few years of life. We describe a 5-year-old boy with recurrent bouts of fever, aphthous stomatitis, and anemia which did not respond to routine antibiotic therapy. It was only after a few months, when the characteristic symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): abdominal pain and diarrhea appeared, that the diagnosis of Crohn's disease was made.

        This case illustrates the difficulty in diagnosing IBD in young children. The presenting symptoms of IBD in children are often nonspecific and extra-intestinal. There is usually a low index of suspicion by the physician as to the possibility of IBD in a young child.

        יצחק סרוגו, אירנה צ'יסטיאקוב, אלה כהן, יורם טל ומיכאל יפה

        Nasopharyngeal Colonization with Streptococcus Pneumoniae in Pediatric Respiratory Infections

         

        Isaac Srugo, Irena Chystiakov, Ella Cohen, Yoram Tal, Michael Jaffe

         

        Clinical Microbiology and Pediatric Depts., Bnai Zion Medical Center and Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa

         

        During the winter of 1995, nasopharyngeal colonization of Streptococcus pneumoniae was evaluated in 204 children with respiratory infection and 107 normal control children. There was no difference in gender or mean age between the groups, and no difference in carrier rate between sick (24.5%) and normal (22%) children (p=0.6). Carrier rates were 19%, 32%, 31% and 17% at 6, 12, 24 and 48 months, respectively. Penicillin-resistant pneumococci (PRP) were found in 42% of sick and 16.6% of normal children, (p<0.05). Resistance to more than 2 antibiotics was found in 28% of sick and in 12.5% of normal children. PRP were found in 67% and 34% of sick children with and without prior antibiotic treatment (p<0.05). We conclude that there is no difference in the carrier rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae between sick and normal children. However, the high prevalence of PRP in children with respiratory infections is probably due to prior antibiotic treatment.

        אוקטובר 1998
        עדנה פינצ'ובר

        Art Therapy for Hospitalized Children (Inspired by Elizabeth Kuebler-Ross's Approach)

         

        Edna Pinchover*

         

        Pediatric Wards School, Hadassah Hospital (Ein Karem and Mt. Scopus), Jerusalem

         

        This paper presents a combined strategy for coping with the emotional condition of hospitalized children, and reports the results of its implementation in pediatric wards. The strategy combines art therapy methods with the spiritual-psychological approach developed by Elizabeth Kuebler-Ross. Art therapy uses art for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes; in this study it was employed to encourage the child-patients to express their feelings, and lead them to processes of understanding of and adjustment to their conditions. Kuebler-Ross' methods, known for dealing with difficult emotional situations at the bedside of the seriously ill, were enlisted to build a relationship of trust and respect between patient and therapist.

        The population dealt with consisted of children (age 3-13) injured in road accidents, and cardiac and oncological cases. 7 case studies are brought to demonstrate the integrated therapeutic process. The process starts from the child-patient's artwork, which allows the therapist better insight into emotional conditions and to relate closely to issues brought up by the work. Through conversation with the therapist in an atmosphere of empathy and honest consideration, the patient becomes aware of her/his reactions, behavior, intentions and ambitions.

        The belief underlying this study is that the patient derives from these contacts new abilities which moderate anxieties and strengthen healthy energies. Better collaboration and sounder ways of coping with intrusive medical treatment, as well as more trust and hope seem to emerge from the relationships created by these contacts.

         

        * Principal of School.

        מאי 1997
        נטליה בילנקו, עמליה לוי ודרורה פרייזר

        Reporting Maternal Behavior during Diarrhea in Bedouin Children

         

        Natalya Bilenko, Amalia Levy, Drora Fraser

         

        Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation Unit, S. D. Abraham International Center for Health and Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Diarrhea is still a major cause of morbidity and mortality among children in developing countries. The Bedouin population of southern Israel is in transition from a nomadic to a settled life-style. We examined maternal knowledge and reported behavior when their children had diarrhea. Mothers defined diarrhea as the passing of 4-5 stools per day. The most frequent signs of the illness were an increased number of watery stools with changes in either color or form. The most frequent symptom that prompted mothers to seek medical aid was blood in the stool. All mothers reported increasing fluid intake in their children during diarrhea, and most reported giving herbal tea. About half of the women avoided milk products and used special for the treatment of diarrhea. A quarter of the women reported stopping or decreasing the frequency of breast feeding during diarrhea. Reported cessation of breast feeding during diarrhea was associated with changing to special foods, and failure to note the onset of diarrhea or to recognize signs of dehydration. The withdrawal of breast feeding during episodes of illness and diarrhea is related to lack of knowledge regarding diarrhea. These data indicate that even in this population, with free access to preventive and curative medical care, there should be greater efforts to educate mothers to detect diarrheal disease and to maintain breast feeding during the diarrhea.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303