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        תוצאת חיפוש

        מרץ 2001
        אפרים אייזן

        אפרים אייזן

         

        המרכז הגריאטרי שיקומי פלימן, חיפה הפקולטה לרפואה, הטכניון, חיפה

         

        נפילות מהוות את אחת מבעיות הבריאות הקשות והשכיחות ביותר בקרב קשישים. נפילות נישנות בקרב קשישים מהוות סימן לתשישות, הפרעות בתנועה ומחלות כרוניות וחדות. נפילות כשלעצמן עלולות להחמיר קשיים בתיפקוד בקשיש כתוצאה מפציעות, הגבלות פעילות, פחד מנפילות ואיבוד תנועתיות ועצמיות, תופעה זו היא הגורם השכיח ביותר לפציעות בלתי מכוונות ולשברים בקרב קשישים.

        נפילה מוגדרת כאירוע שבעיקבותיו האדם מוצא עצמו באופן לא מכוון על מישטח אחר, הנמצא נמוך ממקום הימצאו הקודם. נפילות המתרחשות עקב הפעלת כוח חיצוני רב (לדוגמה, תאונת דרכים), פעילות ספורטיבית או תקיפה, אינן נכללות בדרך כלל במסגרת האמורה. הגורמים וגורמי הסיכון לפנילות אלה בדרך כלל שונים ומהווים נושא נפרד.

        ספטמבר 1999
        אברהם ירצקי, יעקב פלדמן וקרולה ויגדר

        Infective Endocarditis Presenting as Polyarticular Septic Arthritis

         

        Abraham Yaretzky, Jacob Feldman, Carola Vigder

         

        Geriatric Dept., Meir Hospital, Kfar-Saba and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        We report acute polyarthritis in an 86-year-old man which was initially considered to be an exacerbation of osteoarthritis. After a delay of a few days a diagnosis of septic polyarthritis as an initial symptom of infective endocarditis was made. Although rheumatic manifestations in infective endocarditis are common, septic polyarthritis is rarely seen. In our patient the course of the disease was rapidly fatal.

        יוני 1999
        יעקב פלדמן, ליאורה פלג ואברהם ירצקי

        Clinical, Social and Economic Aspects of Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment

         

        Jacob Feldman, Liora Peleg, Abraham Yaretzky

         

        Geriatric Dept., Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        It is well known that maelderly patients are referred to nursing homes because of "functional decline" without being thoroughly in. We studied 9 elderly patients, all referred to hospital due to functional decline and diagnosed as follows: spinal stenosis - 2 cases, depression - 3, thyrotoxicosis -1, Parkinson -1, polypharmacy and congestive heart failure -1 patient each. Proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment prevent unnecessary hospitalization in nursing homes. Our study is meant to draw attention to this crucial aspect of geriatric medicine.

        מרץ 1999
        ולדימיר שץ וסילביו קוזקוב

        Reactive Increase in Blood Pressure on Immobilization, but not Hypertension, Prevents Pressure Ulcers

         

        Vladimir Shats, Silvio Kozacov

         

        Geriatric Dept., Rebecca Sieff Hospital, Safed

         

        Of 135 geriatric patients immobilized for at least 2 days, 37 (27.4%) had pressure ulcers (PU). Those without PU were the control comparison group. Gender, length of immobilization, number of blood pressure determinations and proportion with hypertension were similar in those with and without PU. Those with PU were slightly older than those in the comparison group: 75.5±8.8 and 74.7±9.6 years, respectively (p>0.05).

         

        Of 66 patients with acute ischemic stroke, reactive increase of systolic or diastolic blood pressure to 140/90 mm Hg or above following immobilization, was seen in 60.6% and 22.7% of patients, respectively, and there were PU in 12.1%. Of 17 with recurrent ischemic stroke, corresponding figures were: 41.2%, 23.5% (p>0.05), and 47.1% (p<0.01). In 7 patients with previous ischemic stroke corresponding figures were: 14.3% and 0% (p<0.01) and 100% (p<0.001). In 36 operated for fracture of the femur, corresponding figures were: 50%, 11.1% (p>0.05), and 27.8% (p>0.05). For 9 patients with severe infections, sepsis or pneumonia, the corresponding figures were: 22.2% and 0.0% (p>0.05), and 44.4% (p<0.04).

         

        The proportion of patients with reactive increase in systolic blood pressure on immobilization was lower in the PU group than in the controls, 27% vs 59.2%, (p<0.001). The corresponding figures for reactive increase in diastolic blood pressure were similar, 8.1% and 20.4%, respectively (p>0.05).

         

        The mean systolic blood pressure on immobilization was higher in the control than in the PU group, 145.4±21.7 and 130.8±14.9 mm Hg, respectively (p<0.001). The corresponding figures for the mean diastolic blood pressure were similar, 81.2±10.5 and 75.7±8.9 mm Hg, respectively (p<0.01). An increase in systolic blood pressure on immobilization reduced the risk of developing PU (p<0.05).

         

        There was no significant statistical relation between diagnosis of hypertension and proportion of patients with PU (p>0.05). Of 67 patients with hypertension, in 23.9% and 74.6% of them there was no increase in systolic or diastolic blood pressure, respectively. Statistical difference between lack of diastolic or systolic response was very significant (p<0.001).

         

        Reactive increase of blood pressure, but not hypertension, predicts reduced risk of PU on immobilization in the hospitalized elderly. Diminished reactive increase of blood pressure in response to stress of any kind may be a criterion of frailty and reduced physiological reserves. Efforts to reduce elevated blood pressure when a patient is immobilized appear irrational.

        פברואר 1999
        ולדימיר שץ

        Maximal Age Reflects Ignoring the Health of the Oldest in General, Geriatric, and Gerontolo- Gical Studies

         

        Vladimir Shats

         

        Geriatric Dept., Rebecca Sieff Government Hospital, Safed

         

        In publications relating to the health of the elderly there are 2 ways of presenting maximal ages, collective (for example: 70+ years) and individual maximal age (for example 70 years). While enabling assessment up to a certain age, data from subjects above the maximal age stated in the research will not be included. From the literature of the past 10 years, there were selected 764 disease parameters (PD) and 177 parameters of aging (PA). Among them 667 (70.9%) and 274 (29.1%) were parameters with collective and exact maximal ages, respectively.

        The lack of reference by authors to ages above 70 to 79 (or 70+ to 79+) and 80 to 89 (or 80+ to 89+) was calculated from the medical literature, and estimated as significant, and for ages above 80 to 89 was estimated as minimally significant, in regard to their focus on health data in the elderly. In different groups of parameters, 24% to 32% of maximal ages indicated significant and 25% to 65% minimal lack of reference. Maximal ages of PA were higher than those of PD (p<0.001), so lack of reference to health of the elderly was more significant when PD were studied as compared to PA. Lack of reference was more significant in studies of hospitalized and ambulatory patients and people living within the community. Usually authors checked all the populations of people living in nursing homes, but the total number of parameters relating to the latter, was very small, only 5.1% of the total number of parameters, so the populations of nursing homes did not reach the attention of the researchers.

        Collective maximal ages are more often used in geriatric journals, including the Journal of the American Geriatric Society, as opposed to general and gerontological journals, although this approach seems to be too sweeping in the assessment of health of the elderly.

        יוני 1998
        יעקב גינדין, מרק קלרפילד, ציונה חקלאי, פנינה צדקה, ג'ני ברודסקי ומיכאל דייויס

        Geriatric Rehabilitation in Israel: Assessment of Needs and In-Patient Services

         

        J. Gindin, M.A. Clarfield, Z. Haklai, P. Zedaka, J. Brodesky, M. Davis

         

        Geriatric Division, Kaplan-Hartzfeld Hospitals, Rehovot; Geriatric Wing, and Health Information and Computer Service, Israel Ministry of Health; Central Bureau of Statistics, Prime Minister's Office; Brookdale Institute, Jerusalem; and Health of the Elderly, Israel Center for Disease Control

         

        Geriatric rehabilitation (GR) in Israel, which has not been thoroughly investigated, was examined by a subcommittee of the Committee on Health of the Elderly, in the Israel Center for Disease Control.

         

        The needs of the elderly population for rehabilitational services were assessed and the existing services reviewed. A survey of GR beds, their geographic distribution, and the number of patients over 65 after CVA and hip fracture (the 2 main causes for GR need) was carried out. Data were gathered from records of the Ministry of Health and the Central Bureau of Statistics.

         

        In 1994 there were 1,503 beds for active, long-term geriatric care in general and geriatric hospitals: 751 beds were assigned to rehabilitative geriatrics, and the rest to skilled-nursing geriatrics. A high concentration of beds was found in the geographical center of the country, in contrast to a small number in the periphery. Approximately 10,100 patients were hospitalized that year in rehabilitative geriatric and skilled-nursing wards.

         

        There was considerable variation between services, as expressed in the wide range in average duration of hospitalization (from 12-269 days). Most of the beds for GR and skilled-nursing care beds were mixed in the geriatric wards together in the wards.

         

        Limited services and public needs have led to the development of services outside the licensed and regulated settings, a process which has not yet been investigated. About 6,700 older patients were hospitalized during 1994 with a primary diagnosis of CVA. It has been estimated that 4,000 of them needed GR. 2,624 older patients died that year of CVA.

         

        The increase in CVA prevalence between 1987 and 1994 was far greater than the increase in morbidity, in both the general and older populations. Nearly 4,000 elderly patients with a primary diagnosis of hip fracture, most of whom needed rehabilitation, were hospitalized in 1994. The total number of older patients who needed GR following CVA or hip fracture that year was set at 8,000. However, this figure is up to 30% lower than the actual rates, since the those 2 diagnoses include only 70% of total GR needs.

         

        It is impossible to obtain a comprehensive picture of GR in Israel based only on currently available data. The subcommittee outlined areas to be thoroughly examined in-depth, including services and needs, as well as GR tools and processes and how to maintain the achievements of rehabilitation after discharge.

        מאי 1998
        יעקב פלדמן, אברהם ירצקי וקרולה ויגדר

        Community-Acquired Pneumonia in the Elderly: Guidelines for Hospitalization

         

        Jacob Feldman, Abraham Yarezky, Carola Vigder

         

        Geriatric. Dept., Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba and Sakler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        A prospective study was carried out among elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia to determine if there are any specific features that could help in deciding whether to hospitalize, or to treat in the community. We concluded that there is no correlation between clinical presentation of pneumonia and outcome, except for impairment of consciousness. Laboratory data showed a correlation between oxygen saturation in arterial blood, levels of hemoglobin and albumin, and outcome. Sputum culture was not helpful in deciding about diagnosis and treatment, which remain empiric. These patients should be treated at home if conditions permit. Recommendations are made for improving such conditions.

        אפריל 1998
        א' ירצקי, ק' ויגדר וי' פלדמן

        Nursing Home-Acquired Pneumonia: Guidelines for Hospitalization

         

        A. Yaretzky, C. Vigder, I. Feldman

         

        Geriatric Dept., Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba, and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        To determine if there are any specific features of nursing-home acquired pneumonia we carried out a retrospective study in a nursing home between 1995-1996, based on clinical and laboratory data. We found no correlation between these findings and the severity of pneumonia, so it would be hazardous to determine rigid guidelines. These patients should be treated in the nursing home as long as conditions allow, in order to avoid hospitalization.

        פברואר 1998
        ירון וייזל, אהוד ראט, נסים אוחנה ודן עטר

        Pelvic Lytic Lesion and Osteoporosis-Related Fractures

         

        Yaron Weisel, Ehud Rath, Nissim Ohana, Dan Atar

         

        Orthopedic Dept., Soroka Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

         

        Insufficiency fractures of the pelvis may be overlooked as a cause of hip or groin pain. These fractures occur in the elderly, usually those with pronounced osteopenia of the pelvis. Predisposing factors include corticosteroids, local irradiation and postmenopausal osteoporosis. These fractures are difficult to detect clinically and plain radiographs and other studies may be misleading, delaying diagnosis and treatment. A 65-year-old woman had left groin and hip pain for 2 months with no history of trauma. Plain radiographs showed lytic lesions in the left pubic rami. Bone scan revealed increased uptake in that region, suggesting metastatic bone disease. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated fractures in the left superior and inferior pubic rami, with callus formation with no involvement of soft tissues. Quantitative computed tomography indicated low calcium concentration, below fracture threshold. The diagnosis of insufficiency fractures of the pelvis was confirmed by the favorable clinical and radiographic outcome. It is therefore important to be familiar with the appearance and location of these fractures.

        ינואר 1997
        יצחק פפו, עודד זמיר והרברט פרוינד

        Is Crohn's Disease Different In The Elderly?

         

        Itzhak Pappo, Oded Zamir, Herbert R. Freund

         

        Dept. of Surgery, Hadassah-University Hospital, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem

         

        We reviewed the records of 22 patients hospitalized at onset or first presentation of Crohn's disease after age 50. There were 12 females and 10 males, and the mean age was 64.5 years. The most common presenting symptoms were: abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea and weight loss. The disease was located in the small bowel in 14, in the ileo-colic region in 3 and in the colon in 5. The median interval from onset of symptoms until diagnosis was 42 months. 12 (54%) underwent surgery. All 5 patients with colonic disease were operated. 6 patients underwent small bowel resections, mostly terminal ileum, while 1 had resection of both terminal ileum and left colon. The recurrence rate was 70% in the medically treated and 50% in those operated. 1 patient died after surgery for Crohn's disease (4.5%), and 3 others died of unrelated causes. Compared to younger patients, the symptomatology, clinical course, need for and response to surgery, and its complications, did not differ in these older patients, but the recurrence rate seemed to be higher.

        א' ירצקי, י' פלדמן, פ' אלתרמן, ב' פינקלטוב

        Rheumatoid Arthritis in the Elderly

         

        A. Yaretzky, J. Feldman, P. Alterman, B. Finkeltov

         

        Dept. of Geriatric Medicine and Rheumatology Clinic, Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Opinions differ as to whether late onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA) represents a clinical subset and whether age at onset involves differences in therapy and prognosis. In this retrospective study we compared 23 patients with early onset RA (average onset 52.8 years; 91.3% of them women), with 36 with late onset (average onset 70.3 years; 67% of them women). No statistically significant differences were found as to demographic, clinical, laboratory or radiographic characteristics. 

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303