• כרטיס רופא והטבות
  • אתרי הר"י
  • צרו קשר
  • פעולות מהירות
  • עברית (HE)
  • מה תרצו למצוא?

        תוצאת חיפוש

        אפריל 1997
        סרג'יו מרצ'בסקי ושושנה וייס

        Characteristics of Hospitalized Alcoholics


        Sergio Marchevsky, Shoshana Weiss


        Residential Center for Alcoholics and Israel Society for the Prevention of Alcoholism, Ramat Gan


        The background characteristics of 1,173 alcoholics hospitalized for 3 months in this center during December 1982 to December 1994 were reviewed. Socio-demographic variables and termination-of-treatment data, are described. The profile of the typical hospitalized alcoholic was that of a Jewish, urban, married, unemployed man, born in Asia-Africa (or in Israel) who had been living for many years in Israel and had many children and a low educational level. They usually start drinking in adolescence and come to the center after more than 15 years of drinking, mainly at home and alone, and also have family relatives who drink. Implications of the data for treatment and for family physicians are presented.

        מרץ 1997
        מ' סקלייר-לוי, א' בלום, י' שרמן, ס' פילדס, י' בר-זיו וי' ליבסון

        Ct-Guided Core Needle Biopsy Of Abdominal, Pelvic And Retroperitoneal Masses


        M. Sklair-Levy, A.I. Bloom, Y. Sherman, S. Fields, J. Bar-Ziv, Y. Libson


        Depts. of Radiology and Pathology, Hadassah-University Hospital, Jerusalem


        CT-guided core needle biopsy of abdominal, pelvic and retroperitoneal masses is accurate and safe and can be performed on an outpatient basis. Between 1987 and 1995, 809 patients (age range 1-87 years) underwent 851 biopsies (minimal lesion diameter 1 cm). Cutting needles were always used, facilitating both cytological and histological diagnosis while minimizing risk of complications. A positive result (malignant, inflammatory or infectious) was obtained in 69% of the 809 and a negative result (normal tissue) in 17.4%, while in 13.6%, material for diagnosis was insufficient. Biopsy was repeated in 42 of them in whom radiological or clinical suspicion of malignancy was high. In 24 (60%) a positive result was obtained after the second biopsy.


        Significant complications occurred in 7 (0.8%). 1 hemo-rrhaged following liver biopsy and required blood transfusion. Pancreatitis occurred in 6 (2.6%) following pancreatic biopsy. An intra-abdominal fluid collection in 1 necessitated percutaneous drainage. There was no mortality following the procedure and no documented case of needle-tract seeding of tumor. All outpatients were discharged within 3 hours of completion of the biopsy, without ill effects.

        קוסטה י' מומצ'וגלו, מרדכי ליפו, אינה יופה-אוספינסקי, ג'קלין מילר ורחל גלון

        Maggot Therapy for Gangrene and Osteomyelitis


        K.Y. Mumcuoglu, M. Lipo, I. Ioffe-Uspensky, J. Miller, R. Galun


        Dept. of Parasitology, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem


        5 patients with diabetic-foot were treated by maggot therapy. The most serious case was in a 75-year-old man who had gangrene and osteomyelitis of the right foot. Proteus mirabilis, Enterococcus sp., Providencia stuartii and Staphylococcus spec. (coagulase positive) were isolated from lesions which did not respond to antibiotic therapy. The patient had twice refused amputation but agreed to maggot therapy. Larvae of the sheep blowfly Phoenicia (Lucilia) sericata were used for twice-weekly treatment over a period of 7 months. Sterile larvae were applied to the wound and replaced every 3-4 days. After 4 months of treatment, the necrotic tissue around the toes and on the sole of the foot detached from the healthy tissue. During the last 3 months of treatment the larvae removed the remaining infected tissue. As therapy progressed, new layers of healthy tissue covered the wound. The offensive odor associated with the necrotic tissue and the intense pain in the foot decreased significantly. At the end of therapy, during which there were no complaints of discomfort, he was able to walk. In the 4 other patients who had relatively superficial gangrene, the maggots debrided the wounds within 2-4 weeks. Thereafter treatment was continued with antibiotics. Maggot therapy can be recommended in cases of intractable gangrene and osteomyelitis, when treatment with antibiotics and surgical debridement have failed.

        דוד הנדל וגד ולן

        Recurrent Late Hemarthrosis after Total Knee Replacement


        David Hendel, Gad J. Velan


        Dept. of Orthopedics, Rabin Medical Center, Golda Campus, Petah Tikva


        A patient who had a successful total knee replacement for severe degenerative osteoarthritis of the right knee had an excellent functional result. 2 years after the operation there was spontaneous intra-articular bleeding that was treated successfully conservatively. Recurrent hemarthrosis 2 months later was treated similarly and also resolved without residual functional impairment after a follow-up of over 1 year. Recurrent late hemarthrosis in the knee is a fairly rare complication following total knee arthroplasty, but is amenable to conservative measures. Frequently, persistent recurrent hemarthrosis requires debridement of the bleeding synovium of the knee.

        צביה בורגנסקי, אברהם גנאל ואורי גבעון

        Leg-Lengthening For Length Inequality


        Zvia Burgansky, Abraham Ganel, Uri Givon


        Pediatric Orthopedics Unit, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer (Affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University)


        32 patients (age range 1.5-22 years) were treated for leg-length discrepancy. 39 lengthening procedures were performed of which 36 involved gradual distraction, in 2 cases chondrodiasthesis was used, and 1 had 1-step elongation. Gradual distraction was done according to Ilizarov, including corticotomy and a 1-week delay before the initiation of distraction. In 33 cases Wagner's external fixator was used, in 2 an Ilizarov frame and in 1 an orthofix fixator. There was complete clinical and radiological union in all but 1 case. Significant correction of leg-length discrepancy and equalization of leg-length was achieved in most patients. In some growing patients over-correction was successfully achieved. The most prevalent complications were pin-site problems, axis deviation, joint subluxation and joint contractures. At latest follow-up most of these complications had disappeared. 91% of the patients either functioned normal or were only mildly limited.

        נחום נשר, אלון ארז, דורון נצר, רנטו פנקלשטיין וירון בר-אל

        Acute Fungal Endocarditis Due To Trichosporon Beigelli


        Nahum Nesher, Alon Erez, Doron Nezer, R. Finkelstein, Y. Barel


        Dept. of Cardiac Surgery, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa and Technion Faculty of Medicine


        We report a 59-year-old woman with acute fungal endocarditis of a prosthetic valve caused by the endogenic organism, Trichosporon beigelli. This slowly developing disease mainly effects drug addicts who use intravenous narcotics. In nonaddicts it is rare, with mortality as high as 50%. There are only sporadic reports of T. beigelli as a complication long after open heart surgery. The ongoing infection is undetected for even several years after the primary infection, due to its prolonged latent phase. We present the difficulties of diagnosis, and of treating the disease with a combination of surgery and of long-term chemotherapy.

        דורית אלמוזנינו-סרפיאן, נתן כהן, רונית זיידשטיין, ויקטור דישי ואליעזר זקלר

        Quinidine-Induced Rheumatic Toxicity


        D. Almoznino-Sarafian, N. Cohen, R. Zaidenstein, V. Dishi, E. Zeckler


        Depts. of Medicine C, A and F, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin (Affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University)


        2 women with quinidine-induced lupus are presented. This condition is rare; only about 30 cases have been reported in the English literature. Both our patients had arthritis of the wrist, antinuclear antibodies with homogenous pattern and elevated ESR. Anti-double stranded DNA antibodies were present in 1 patient, and a petechial rash in the other. Complete resolution of arthritis occurred within a few days after quinidine withdrawal, but antinuclear antibodies persisted for several months.

        ד' סופר, י' גלילי, נ' נסראללה, ד' אלג'ם, א' אבלאי וי' קוגלר

        Patterns of Injuries and Preventive Measures for Motorcycle Accidents


        D. Soffer, Y. Galili, N. Nasralla, D. Aladgem, O. Ablai, Y. Kluger


        Depts. of Surgery B and C, Trauma Services, Tel Aviv Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University


        Retrospective analysis of a series of 32 motorcyclists admitted after road accidents was performed. 62% were injured on scooters with 50 cc engine capacity and most of the combined injuries occurred in this group. Most crashes occurred at road junctions.Riders of scooters with larger engine capacities tended to wear protective garments as opposed to riders with smaller engines. There was no correlation between engine capacity and severity of injury. We conclude that motorcyclists should receive special education, especially as to behavior on entering road junctions. We recommend that taxes on protective garments should be lowered in order to encourage motorcyclists to use them.

        פברואר 1997
        שלמה מור-יוסף, רלו אברהם ויוסף שנקר

        Ovarian Cancer In Israel, 1960-1989


        Shlomo Mor-Yosef, Relo Avraham, Joseph G. Schenker


        Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hadassah-University Hospital, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem


        In Israel ovarian cancer ranks among the most common malignant diseases in women. It is also one of the main causes of death from cancer in females in this country. Our population is composed of immigrants from diverse social, cultural, and geographical backgrounds, and only a sector of the inhabitants, mainly the younger generation, is Israeli-born. This study evaluates the trends of epidemiological and clinical data on ovarian cancer during 3 decades, 1960-1989, and includes a total of 5,786 cases of ovarian cancer. Information was obtained from the Central Israel Cancer Registry of the Ministry of Health and from the Central Bureau of Statistics. The incidence was stable during the survey period and was about 15-17/100,000 in women over the age of 15. Most (90%) were diagnosed over the age of 40. In women of European/American origin the incidence of ovarian cancer is 3 times greater than in women of Asian/African origin. The rate in the Israeli-born is between those of the other 2 groups, but closer to that of the European/American group. Over 70% were diagnosed with advanced disease (stage III-IV).


        Prognosis improved during the period of the study: 5-year survival was 19% in the early 60's and 31% in the 80's. During the last decade of the survey improvement was mainly in 2-year survival (from 38.5% to 60%).

        מיכה רזאל

        Evidence For Casual Household Transmission Of Hiv: Review And Analysis


        Micha Razel


        School of Education, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan


        All reported case-studies in which the author-described route of infection was deemed to be casual household contact were reviewed and analyzed, as well as all sample-based studies designed to estimate the frequency of casual household transmission. Several recurring biased mechanisms of interpretation were found in the studies, the use of which made it impossible to obtain evidence for casual household transmission. After correcting for these interpretations 8 documented cases of casual household transmission were found. Analysis of the sample-based studies indicated 10 cases of casual household transmission, which occurs at a risk of 0.4% per year of contact (95% confidence interval: 0.20 to 0.66).

        י' קלוגר, ד' סופר, ב' שגיא, א' אבלאי, ד' אלג'ם ומ' רבאו

        Blunt Perineal Injuries


        Y. Kluger, D. Soffer, B. Sagie, O. Abllay, D. Aladgem, M. Rabau


        Depts. of Surgery B and C and Division of Trauma and Proctology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv


        Blunt perineal and anal injuries are rare. We describe 2 patients who suffered injury to the perineum and anal canal due to blunt force. New surgical techniques for the reconstruction of the sphincteric mechanism are promising and should be used by the initial treating surgeon as minimal procedures in the perineal region. Anal tagging, minimal debridement, approximation of the edges of perineal laceration, repeated irrigation and loop-colostomy for fecal diversion should be the only initial surgical procedures.

        אשר ברק, לידיה גביס, בנימין מוגילנר ושולמית גלמן-קוהן

        "Charge" Association


        Asher Barak, Lidia Gabis, Biniamin Mogilner, Shulamit Gelman-Kohan


        Pediatric and Neonatal Depts., and Clinical Genetic Unit, Kaplan Hospital, Rehovot


        CHARGE association represents a group of congenital anomalies with no clear etiology. The broad array of abnormalities, which involves several systems, has been the basis for the acronym CHARGE: coloboma, heart anomaly, choanal atresia, retarded growth and development, hypoplastic genitalia and ear malformation. We present 3 children with CHARGE association to illustrate the phenotypic variability and note the multidisciplinary treatment they received. It is recommended that this entity be approached in an interdisciplinary, integrated way to allow for faster diagnosis and better prognosis.

        ינואר 1997
        ג'מאל זידאן, סאמר קאסם, דרומאה קרן, אברהם קוטן ואליעזר רובינזון

        Differentiated Thyroid Cancer In Arabs In Northern Israel


        J. Zidan, S. Kassem, D. Karen, A. Kuten, E. Robinson


        Northern Israel Oncology Center, Rambam Medical Center, and Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa


        Prognostic factors and survival rate of 53 Arabs with differentiated carcinoma of the thyroid treated here were reviewed. Papillary carcinoma was diagnosed in 35 (66%) and follicular carcinoma in 18 (34%); the female/male ratio was 2.3/1 and the median age 32. Age, gender, tumor size, histology and tumor stage were important prognostic factors. The 20-year actuarial survival rate of the entire group was 96%. The probable reason for the high survival rate was the low median age.

        מ' זערור, ד' גולדשר ומ' פיינסוד

        Temporal Hemianopia And Diabetes Insipidus Following Head Injury


        M. Zaaroor, D. Goldsher, M. Feinsod


        Center for Treatment and Applied Research in Head Injuries, Dept. of Neurosurgery and Diagnostic Radiology Dept., Rambam Medical Center and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa


        Bitemporal hemianopia and diabetes insipidus following head injury are caused by a lesion in the center of the optic chiasm, together with injury to the adjacent pituitary stalk or the hypothalamus. This combination was thought to be a rare complication of severe head injury. The case of a 16-year-old male is presented, which together with recent reports suggests that this relatively under-recognized syndrome is not infrequent, that it may follow even minor head injury, and that magnetic resonance imaging can demonstrate the chiasmal lesion.

        מרדכי ר' קרמר, אילן בר, ליאוניד אידלמן, מילי בובליל, איריס ניצן, צ'רלס ספרונג, שמעון גודפרי, גדעון מרין

        Volume Reduction Surgery in Emphysema


        M.R. Kramer, I. Bar, I. Eidelman, M. Bublil, I. Nitzan, C. Sprung, S. Godfrey, G. Merin


        Depts. of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Anesthesiology, and Institute of Pulmonology, Hadassah-University Hospital and Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem


        Volume reduction surgery (VRS) is a new procedure based on the concept that relieving hyperinflation in emphysema improves diaphragmatic and chest wall mechanics and ventilation perfusion mismatch. We present our early experience with 16 patients who underwent VRS from August 1995 to June 1996. Patient selection was based on: PFT, CT scan, V/Q scan, ABG's and 6-min walk. After pulmonary rehabilitation, operation was by median sternotomy and bilateral lung shaving. Pulmonary function improved significantly. FEV1 increased from 0.68 ± 0.2 to 1.0 ± 0.2 L (p<0.01) and FVC increased from 1.7 ± 0.5 to 2.7 ± 0.5 L (p<0.017). Total lung capacity decreased from 129% ± 24% to 108% ± 20% (p<0.03). 6-min walk increased from 221 ± 90 to 404 ± 123 meters (p<0.001). Complications included 1 death, prolonged air leak in 7 cases and infection in 2. Quality of life improved substantially in 12 of the 16 cases; in 3 cases there was only slight improvement and in 1 the condition became worse. Volume reduction surgery is a promising surgical solution in selected patients with advanced emphysema.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303