Neurological Manifestations of Non A-G Viral Hepatitis
Rifaat Safadi, Yaron River, Yosef S. Haviv, Yaron Ilan
Liver Unit, Division of Medicine and Neurology Dept., Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem
Guillain-Barre and other neurologic syndromes rarely occur as complications of viral hepatitis (A, B and C). Other neurologic syndromes have also been reported in serologically defined viral hepatitis, including mononeuritis, auditory neuritis, and seizures. Chronic hepatitis B and mononeuritis multiplex are found together in 31-54% of patients with periarteritis nodosa. The mechanisms of these associations are unknown, but may include direct cytotoxicity of the virus or immune-mediated damage. Vasculitis of the vasa nervorum plays an intermediate role, at least in some cases. We describe a 36-year-old man with acute non A-G hepatitis complicated by Guillain-Barre syndrome. The neurological manifestation resolved completely without specific therapy within 6 days, as the hepatitis resolved.