Cost-Effectiveness of Imaging Procedures in Knee Injuries
Moshe Leshno, Hagai Amir, Dalia Leshno
School of Business Administration, Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Dept. of Orthopedics, Tel Aviv Medical Center; Israel Defense Forces, and Faculty of Management, Tel Aviv University
It is clear to experts in the health care industry that with regard to medical decision-making, considering costs of medical devices is not a good index, but it is highly important to include medical aspects. This approach guarantees an advance and an appropriate method.
We present a cost-effectiveness analysis to target the optimal strategy of how to use medical diagnostic devices in cases of knee injuries. Today, one of the more common medical emergency referrals seen worldwide is in the area of orthopedics, knee injuries in particular. They can harm soft tissue, bone tissue, or both simultaneously. The diagnosis of soft tissue injury is difficult at best. Among the devices helping the clinician make an accurate diagnosis are MRI and ultrasound (US).
We conclude that US is superior to MRI in this condition. This is especially true when the orthopedic examination leads to the suggestion of arthroscopy. The results were not modified, and a sensitive study of the parameters that influence the decision- making process was undertaken. Decision-makers should not consider medical outcome alone, but should take into account the costs. A clinical study should validate the assumption on which this study was based.