According to the Emergency Labor Service Law 1967, health and hospitalization services are defined as existential services.
Therefore, the Minister of Welfare and Social Services has the authority to order the provision of health and hospitalization services during Special Situations on the Home Front or Emergency Situations, as well as The Emergency Labor Service Law 1967, requires all doctors (as well as all other workers who provide existential or essential services) working in medical institutions, defined as essential facilities or establishments providing publish instructions thereof.
existential services, to report to their workplaces. This pertains to all those who have not yet reached retirement age, except for soldiers (in regular or reserve service), police officers, pregnant women or women who have not yet completed one year from giving birth.
The law repeals several protective laws like the Annual Leave Law, the Hours of Work and Rest Law, the Women's labor Law and more. Therefore, upon the publication of the above mentioned ordinance, it is possible to:
- To detain the employees of a medical institution (to whom the law applies) individually or comprehensively ("Internal Recruits"). It is also permitted to recruit to the essential enterprise or the facility that provides an existential service, employee who does not work there during routine (”External Recruits”).
- To cancel vacations.
- To employ workers in extended shifts. Thus, workers can be employed in 12-hour shifts regardless of the scope of their duties during routine (and this, of course, also applies to employees to whom the Hours of Work and Rest Law does not apply).
Furthermore, following the Ministry of Health’s CEO Directive, trips abroad of health system employees were halted, and Department Managers issued instructions for the return of medical teams currently staying abroad.
As stated according to the law, and since a special situation was declared on the home front as of October 7, 2023, the Minister of Labor issued a specific order that allows the provisions of Chapter 4 of the law to be activated as detailed above.