עמוד בית
יום ד, 27.01.21

פברואר 1997


1 בפברואר
שלמה מור-יוסף, רלו אברהם ויוסף שנקר

Ovarian Cancer In Israel, 1960-1989

 

Shlomo Mor-Yosef, Relo Avraham, Joseph G. Schenker

 

Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hadassah-University Hospital, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem

 

In Israel ovarian cancer ranks among the most common malignant diseases in women. It is also one of the main causes of death from cancer in females in this country. Our population is composed of immigrants from diverse social, cultural, and geographical backgrounds, and only a sector of the inhabitants, mainly the younger generation, is Israeli-born. This study evaluates the trends of epidemiological and clinical data on ovarian cancer during 3 decades, 1960-1989, and includes a total of 5,786 cases of ovarian cancer. Information was obtained from the Central Israel Cancer Registry of the Ministry of Health and from the Central Bureau of Statistics. The incidence was stable during the survey period and was about 15-17/100,000 in women over the age of 15. Most (90%) were diagnosed over the age of 40. In women of European/American origin the incidence of ovarian cancer is 3 times greater than in women of Asian/African origin. The rate in the Israeli-born is between those of the other 2 groups, but closer to that of the European/American group. Over 70% were diagnosed with advanced disease (stage III-IV).

 

Prognosis improved during the period of the study: 5-year survival was 19% in the early 60's and 31% in the 80's. During the last decade of the survey improvement was mainly in 2-year survival (from 38.5% to 60%).

מיכה רזאל

Evidence For Casual Household Transmission Of Hiv: Review And Analysis

 

Micha Razel

 

School of Education, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan

 

All reported case-studies in which the author-described route of infection was deemed to be casual household contact were reviewed and analyzed, as well as all sample-based studies designed to estimate the frequency of casual household transmission. Several recurring biased mechanisms of interpretation were found in the studies, the use of which made it impossible to obtain evidence for casual household transmission. After correcting for these interpretations 8 documented cases of casual household transmission were found. Analysis of the sample-based studies indicated 10 cases of casual household transmission, which occurs at a risk of 0.4% per year of contact (95% confidence interval: 0.20 to 0.66).

איה פלג, פסח שוורצמן ורוני פלג

Drinking and Driving

 

A. Peleg, P. Shvartzman, R. Peleg

 

Dept. of Family Medicine, and Dept. of Epidemiology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

 

A worrisome connection between driving and drinking was found in 166 people randomly surveyed in public places in Beer Sheba. 80% of the study population stated that they drink alcoholic beverages. Of these, 45% reported drinking at least once a week, and 21% drank 3 glasses/cans at each drinking bout. We noted a trend among those who drank frequently to drink greater amounts. Of the sample, 110 interviewees stated that they had a driver's license and that they drank alcoholic drinks. 39% reported driving after a number of alcoholic drinks, and 23% of them did so invariably or frequently. 5% drank while driving. The drinkers exhibited a high-risk behavioral pattern, remaining in the car with friends (53%) or relatives (16%) also under the influence of alcohol. Those who are aware of the influence of alcohol on their driving skills and the danger of being involved in car accidents, moderate their consumption of alcohol. The results of the study confirm our hypothesis that there is an upswing in the phenomenon of high-risk driving connected with drinking alcoholic beverages.

פסח ליכטנברג

On the Value of the Placebo: Reflections on Homeopathy

 

Pesach Lichtenberg

 

Dept. of Psychiatry, Herzog Hospital, Jerusalem

 

A case is presented in which homeopathic "treatment" helped, despite the fact that the patient did not take the medication. The author surveys research which has been conducted on homeopathy and concludes that its benefits derive from non-specific influences of the healer upon the patient, similar to a placebo effect. The importance of this influence is stressed, and its wider application in conventional medicine is urged.

יורם שיר, ויקטור שולזון, גילה רוזן ושמאי קוטב

An In-Hospital Pain Service: Present Activity and Future Trends

 

Y. Shir, V. Shavelzon, G. Rosen, S. Cotev

 

Anesthesia Dept. and Intensive Care Unit, Hadassah Hospital, Jerusalem

 

Although significant progress has been made in the past 2 decades in our understanding of pain pathophysiology and in the development of new analgesic drugs and techniques, many patients still experience considerable pain during hospitalization. Unrelieved pain is common not only among patients undergoing surgery, but also in those with a variety of other medical problems. These findings led to the development of our in-hospital acute pain service. This in-hospital pain service has been active since the late eighties, treating both postoperative pain and non-surgical pain in hospitalized patients. During 1995, 2140 patients were treated totaling 8717 treatment days in 18 different medical units and departments. Overall success was more than 75%. We review our experience in treating in-patients who suffer from pain and discuss future trends and need for such a specialized service.

רפאל סטרוגו, גבריאלה גייר ודוד אולחובסקי

Typhlitis

 

R. Strugo, G. Gayer, D. Olhovsky

 

Dept. of Internal Medicine and Dept. of Radiology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer

 

Typhlitis (from Greek, "typhlon", cecum) is an inflammatory process involving the cecum and ascending colon צ in neutropenic patients after chemotherapy. Early diagnosis and treatment is of great importance, since the mortality is high. In the past decade there has been an increasing number of reports, as well as impressive improvement in diagnosis, and treatment. We describe 2 patients treated in our department. We emphasize the evolving changes in the management of these patients, from early surgical intervention to conservative treatment, and the problem of prophylactic treatment for those who survive an episode of typhlitis.

חן גרינברג, שמואל אביטל, חנוך קשתן ויהודה סקורניק

Diverticular Disease of the Appendix

 

R. Greenberg, Shmuel Avital, Hanoch Kashtan, Yehuda Skornik

 

Dept. of Surgery A, Tel Aviv Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

The incidence of appendiceal diverticulosis in pathologic specimens is 0.004-2.1%. Diverticular disease of the appendix is classified as congenital (true) or acquired (false). The clinical presentation differs from that of acute appendicitis. The average age is older, the pain is often intermittent, and while localized in the right lower abdominal quadrant, is of longer duration. No further treatment besides appendectomy is needed. Since a high rate of perforations, peritonitis and lower gastrointestinal bleeding have been reported as complications, it is recommended that in those with an incidental finding of diverticula of the appendix during surgery, that appendectomy be performed. It is not recommended to perform prophylactic appendectomy when diverticula of the appendix are found on barium enema.

י' קלוגר, ד' סופר, ב' שגיא, א' אבלאי, ד' אלג'ם ומ' רבאו

Blunt Perineal Injuries

 

Y. Kluger, D. Soffer, B. Sagie, O. Abllay, D. Aladgem, M. Rabau

 

Depts. of Surgery B and C and Division of Trauma and Proctology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv

 

Blunt perineal and anal injuries are rare. We describe 2 patients who suffered injury to the perineum and anal canal due to blunt force. New surgical techniques for the reconstruction of the sphincteric mechanism are promising and should be used by the initial treating surgeon as minimal procedures in the perineal region. Anal tagging, minimal debridement, approximation of the edges of perineal laceration, repeated irrigation and loop-colostomy for fecal diversion should be the only initial surgical procedures.

15 בפברואר
צבי גרינולד ויעקב כץ

Separation of Conjoined Twins: The Anesthesiologist's Perspective

 

Zvi Grunwald, Yacov Katz

 

Dept. of Anesthesiology, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus and Schneider Children's Hospital, Petah Tikva

 

Managing anesthesia care for separation of conjoined twins poses a special challenge for the anesthesia team. Early preparation, thorough understanding of the anatomical and the physiological consequences of this complex anomaly, as well as careful coordination with the teams of surgeons, nurses and operating room personnel are mandatory to assure successful separation of the conjoined twins. It is recommended that the mother be transferred to and the babies be delivered at a tertiary care medical center, like the Children's Hospital. Special attention is devoted during the surgical procedure to cardiovascular stability, drug disposition, fluid balance and temperature control. The multidisciplinary team approach makes this complex surgery a success. When postoperative survival cannot be guaranteed for both twins, close contact and consultation is mandated with the parents, medical personnel and religious and legal advisors.

רפאל נגלר, מיכה פלד ודב לאופר

Facial Trauma: Characteristics and Therapy

 

R. Nagler, M. Peled, D. Laufer

 

Depts of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa

 

This department was established 35 years ago. Since then, many patients with facial trauma, both soldiers and civilians, have been treated and extensive experience has been accumulated. From 1990 to 1995, 487 patients with facial trauma (18.6% of the patients in the department) where hospitalized and treated. 88.5% suffered from injuries which included facial bones, and the others from soft tissue injuries only. We summarize our experience, analyzing both the demographic and clinical characteristics of the injuries and the treatment administered. Based on our experience and the current literature, we present an overview of the issue.

ג' סוירי, א' סהר ומ' פיינסוד

Radiation-Induced Meningioma: The Changing Pattern of the Disease

 

G. Sviri, A. Sahar, M. Feinsod

 

Depts of Neurosurgery, Rambam and Sheba Medical Centers, Haifa and Tel Hashomer; and The B. Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, and the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

In this country radiation-induced meningiomas were usually associated with low-dose irradiation of the scalp of immigrants from North Africa, given as part of the treatment of tinea capitis. An Ashkenazi patient developed meningiomas 15 years after high-dose irradiation for a benign lesion in the parasellar region. The accumulating literature about high-dose radiation-induced meningiomas is reviewed and attention is drawn to the ever increasing number of meningiomas observed in immigrants from the former Soviet Union.

י' שויד, א' אנגל ומ' הלברטל

Effectiveness of Selective Hepatic Artery Embolization in a Child after Blunt Hepatic Trauma

 

Y. Sweed, A. Engel, M. Halberthal

 

Depts. of Pediatric Surgery and Radiology and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Rambam Medical Center, Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa

 

A 9-year-old boy was admitted after a bicycle fall. Abdominal CT-scan revealed severe liver injury (stage IV according to the liver injury scale of the American Association for Surgery Trauma), including ruptured intraparenchymal hematoma with active bleeding. The patient was hemodynamically stable and was treated conservatively for the first 2 days. On the 3rd day selective hepatic artery angiography was performed because of abdominal distension and the need for 7 pints of packed red blood cells. Active right hepatic artery bleeding was identified and treated successfully by embolization. We think that early angiography and selective embolization should always be considered for acute or continuous bleeding after liver injury.

אשר ברק, לידיה גביס, בנימין מוגילנר ושולמית גלמן-קוהן

"Charge" Association

 

Asher Barak, Lidia Gabis, Biniamin Mogilner, Shulamit Gelman-Kohan

 

Pediatric and Neonatal Depts., and Clinical Genetic Unit, Kaplan Hospital, Rehovot

 

CHARGE association represents a group of congenital anomalies with no clear etiology. The broad array of abnormalities, which involves several systems, has been the basis for the acronym CHARGE: coloboma, heart anomaly, choanal atresia, retarded growth and development, hypoplastic genitalia and ear malformation. We present 3 children with CHARGE association to illustrate the phenotypic variability and note the multidisciplinary treatment they received. It is recommended that this entity be approached in an interdisciplinary, integrated way to allow for faster diagnosis and better prognosis.

חוליו וינשטיין ומדינה ידווב

Efficacy and Safety of Acarbose Treatment of Niddm

 

Julio Wainstein, Medinah Jedwab

 

Dept. of Medicine C and Diabetes Unit, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon

 

An uncontrolled multicenter study of the efficacy and safety of treatment of diabetes with acarbose was conducted on 169 NIDDM patients in 12 medical centers in Israel. Acarbose was administered for 19 weeks, and the patients were followed for an additional 12 weeks. A substantial decrease in HbA1c levels from 8.5% to 7.5% (p<0.001) and in postprandial serum glucose levels from 283.6 mg/dl to 248.5 mg/dl (p<0.01) was seen during treatment. On follow-up, HbA1c levels increased by 0.45% and postprandial serum glucose rebounded from 256.4 mg/dl to 287.9 mg/dl. Acarbose was shown to be effective in treating NIDDM and to be safe and well-tolerated.

הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303