עמוד בית
יום ו, 22.01.21

יולי 2000


1 ביולי
רויטל גרוס, חוה טבנקין ושולי ברמלי-גרינברג

What Primary Care Physicians Think of Israel's Health Policy Reform

 

Revital Gross, Hava Tabenkin, Shuli Brammli-Greenberg

 

JDC Brookdale Institute, Jerusalem, HaEmek Hospital, Afula; and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

 

Opinions of the National Health Insurance (NHI) Law held by primary care physicians were surveyed. A questionnaire was submitted (April-July 1997) to 930 primary care physicians employed by sick funds, including general practitioners, family physicians, pediatricians and internists. Response rate was 86%.

They supported the main components of the NHI law. It was considered desirable "to a great" or "very great extent" to allocate funds to sick funds based on age and number of members (76%), to require them to accept all applicants (72%), to designate a uniform basket of services (65%), to allow members to transfer freely between funds (63%), and to allow sick funds to sell supplemental insurance (59%). However, only 41% were satisfied with the implementation of the law.

Multivariate analysis showed that employment by Maccabi, Meuhedet, or Leumit sick funds had an independent effect on low satisfaction with the law as implemented, and on negative opinions about the uniform basket of services, the accepting of all applicants, and allocation of funding based on age and number of members. Those employed by the Maccabi and Meuhedet funds were in favor of allowing sick funds to sell supplemental insurance.

The findings of the study have implications for policy-makers interested in increasing support for national health reform by physicians. It is important to examine possibilities of developing direct channels of communication between national policy-makers and physicians, as well as institutionalizing mechanisms that involve physicians directly in formulation of national policy.

נטליה בילנקו, לונה אבנון, פנייה שמעונוביץ ודב היימר

Specialty Clinics - Gain or Loss?

 

Natalya Bilenko, Luna Avnon, Fanya Shimonovich, Dov Heimer

 

Epidemiology Dept.; and Pulmonary Unit of Soroka Medical Center; Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

 

We evaluated the significance of first visits to our pulmonary clinic with regard to diagnosis and treatment by reviewing records of 287 new referrals by medical care providers (Sept. 1998 - Feb. 1999). At the first visit the diagnosis was changed in 30%, and treatment in 40%. These are minimal figures because evaluation had not been completed nor the diagnosis determined in all cases, while further investigation and follow-up continued.

In light of these findings, we believe that recent pressure on primary care physicians to avoid referrals to specialty clinics would result in short-term savings, but in the long term, would increase expenses and diminish quality of care. It is important to consider ways to maximize the interaction between the primary care physician and the specialist to maintain quality of care and decreases costs.

מרדכי שמעונוב, פנחס שכטר, גבריאלה גבירץ, יונה אבני, עדה רוזן ואברהם צ'רניאק

Laparoscopic Ultrasound in Predicting Resectability of Choriocarcinoma

 

M. Shimonov, P. Schachter, G. Gvirtz, Y. Avni, A. Rosen, A. Czerniak

 

Depts. of Surgery, Ultrasound, and of Gastroenterology, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

 

Cholangiocarcinoma accounts for about 1% of all malignant tumors. They are difficult to diagnose because of their small size and their location. Although surgical resection is the best therapeutic approach, most patients undergo unnecessary exploratory laparotomy due to incorrect preoperative diagnosis.

We present our experience with laparoscopic ultrasound (LU) in the evaluation of cholangiocarcinoma and determination of tumor spread and vascular involvement. Of 25 patients referred for surgery, 6 were excluded following LU and were referred instead for palliative treatment. Diagnosis of the tumor was successful in 92%, and vascular involvement was diagnosed in 46%. LU should be an integral diagnostic test in the evaluation of choriocarcinoma.

שלומית גזית-ניסים, אייל שיינר, משה מזור ואילנה שהם-ורדי

Relationship between Occupation and Clinical Characteristics during Pregnancy and Recommendation to Stop Working

 

S. Gazit-Nissim, E. Sheiner, M. Mazor, I. Shoham-Vardi

 

Depts. of Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation, and of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba

 

We examined the relationship between occupation and clinical characteristics during pregnancy and medical recommendations to stop working. Using a case-control design, we compared 58 working women who had preterm births, with 126 who had delivered at term. All women were interviewed postpartum while still in hospital.

There were no differences between the groups with regard to physical activity outside the home, weekly work hours, nor duration of work. Only a small proportion had been exposed to unusually difficult working conditions, to hazardous agents or to a very uncomfortable working environment. Women who had had preterm births were advised more often to leave their jobs or modify their working patterns. Multivariate analysis revealed that the physician's decision to recommend cessation of work was influenced primarily by complications during the current pregnancy.

It appears that our patients at risk for preterm birth are probably correctly identified, and receive appropriate guidelines as to working patterns. It is possible that a poor obstetric history or previous abortions may paradoxically have a protective effect, as they influence the physician to recommend cessation of work.

יחזקאל טיטיון, זאב אשכול, צבי חורש ומיכאל סודרי

Mortality in Fractures of the Hip 


Y. Titiun, Z. Eshkol, Z. Horesh, M. Soudry

 

Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery, Beilinson Campus, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva

 

Prevalence of hip fractures is increasing world-wide, as the mean age of populations increases. Despite advances in anesthesia, nursing care, and surgical techniques, hip fractures remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly.

We operated on 65 cases of hip fractures from 1995 to the end of 1997: average age was 82.9, 72% were women, average waiting time for operation was 1.6 days, perioperative mortality was 3.5% and postoperative mortality 26.2%.

אלכסנדר ציביאן, איגור שרמן, יעקב יעקבי, סורין אליאס, עמי סידי וג'ק אשרוב

Noncontrast Spiral CT for Diagnosis of Acute Flank Pain

 

Alexander Tzivian, Igor Sherman, Yacov Yacobi,  Surin Elias, Ami Sidi, Jack Asherov

 

Depts. of Urology, Emergency Medicine, and of Radiology, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon

 

Acute flank pain is commonly encountered in the emergency department, and often requires imaging to establish its cause. For decades intravenous urography and sonography have been the primary media for evaluating flank pain.

Recently, noncontrast spiral CT (NCSCT) has been shown to be accurate and highly successful in diagnosing cause in such cases. We evaluated its use in the diagnosis of acute flank pain. During a 7-month period, 147 such cases had NCSCT imaging immediately after initial evaluation in the emergency department. Using a spiral CT scan without oral or IV contrast media, 109 of 147 cases were found to have ureteral stones, and 34 others to have other urological conditions unrelated to the cause of pain; 38 CT scans were negative for ureterolithiasis and in 14 non-urological disease was diagnosed.

NCSCT is a valuable diagnostic technique for patients in the emergency department with flank pain. It rapidly and accurately detects ureteral stones causing renal colic and also detects extra-urinary causes of acute flank pain.

אילנה סלוצקי-שרגא, משה וולק, סופי ווליס, ישראל ווליך ודוד סומפולינסקי

Multiresistant Escherichia Coli from Elderly Patients

 

Ilana Slucky-Shraga, Moshe Wolk, Sofia Volis, Israel Vulikh, David Sompolinsky

 

Dept. of Medicine and Microbiology Laboratory, Mayanei Hayeshua Hospital, Bnei Brak; Central Laboratories, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem; and Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan

 

We examined all ceftriaxone-resistant Escherichia coli isolates obtained from clinical samples during 16 months (1‚Dec. '97 - 31 Mar. '99). A total of 97 resistant isolates from 36 patients were obtained, mostly from urine specimens. Of these patients, 35/36 were over 75 years old, most lived in nursing homes, were dependent on nursing in their daily lives, and were incontinent and/or had indwelling catheters.

All 97 isolates had similar susceptibility profiles: resistant to ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, ampicillin, amoxycillin/clavulanate, tricarcillin/clavulanate, aztreonam, and cefuroxime; decreased susceptibility to ceftazidime and cefepime; and susceptible to imipenem and meropenem. Double-disc tests indicated that all strains produced extended spectrum beta-lactamase(s). All the isolates belonged to 1 of 3 E. coli serotypes: 79 were 0153:H31, 13 were 0142:H10, and 5 were 0102:H6.

אברהם בכר ומיכאל סודרי

Multiresistant Escherichia Coli from Elderly Patients

 

Ilana Slucky-Shraga, Moshe Wolk, Sofia Volis, Israel Vulikh, David Sompolinsky

 

Dept. of Medicine and Microbiology Laboratory, Mayanei Hayeshua Hospital, Bnei Brak; Central Laboratories, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem; and Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan

 

We examined all ceftriaxone-resistant Escherichia coli isolates obtained from clinical samples during 16 months (1 Dec. '97 - 31 Mar. '99). A total of 97 resistant isolates from 36 patients were obtained, mostly from urine specimens. Of these patients, 35/36 were over 75 years old, most lived in nursing homes, were dependent on nursing in their daily lives, and were incontinent and/or had indwelling catheters.

All 97 isolates had similar susceptibility profiles: resistant to ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, ampicillin, amoxycillin/clavulanate, tricarcillin/clavulanate, aztreonam, and cefuroxime; decreased susceptibility to ceftazidime and cefepime; and susceptible to imipenem and meropenem. Double-disc tests indicated that all strains produced extended spectrum beta-lactamase(s). All the isolates belonged to 1 of 3 E. coli serotypes: 79 were 0153:H31, 13 were 0142:H10, and 5 were 0102:H6.

הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303