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        תוצאת חיפוש

        אפריל 2012
        דוד שטרית



        דוד שטרית

         

        רפואת הריאות חווה בשנים האחרונות תמורות רבות. הבנות רבות במנגנוני מחלה ובדרכי התבטאותם, הביאו למגוון רחב של תרופות ומשאפים חדשים. שיקום הריאות הפך להיות חלק בלתי נפרד מהטיפול בחולה הריאות, והברונכולגיה הפולשנית הביאה אתגרים חדשים פורצי דרך.

         
         

        פברואר 1999
        ע' זמיר, י' השכל, ר' שפירא, ד' אימרל וה' פרוינד

        Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for Diagnosis of Pulmonary Lesions

         

        O. Zamir, Y. Haskel, R. Spira, D. Eimerl, H.R. Freund

         

        Depts. of Surgery and Anesthesiology, Hadassah University Hospital, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem

         

        23 patients (age 11-66 years) underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic biopsy for diffuse disease or peripheral nodular lesions of the lung. 12 had been previously treated for extra- pulmonary malignancy and lung biopsy was done for suspicious metastases. In all cases except 1, lesions were identified and biopsied by thoracoscopy. The postoperative course was easier and shorter as compared to thoracotomy and the mean hospital stay was only 2.5 days. Thoracoscopic lung biopsy is a safe, effective and accurate diagnostic modality for diffuse lung disease and peripheral lesions. It is associated with minimal postoperative pain and discomfort, short hospital stay, early return to normal activity, and gives good cosmetic results.

        ינואר 1999
        שבתאי ורסנו, אילנה יעקבי ומילה גרנקין

        Proper use of Pressurized Hand-Held Inhalers in Patients with Chronic Airway Obstruction 


        Shabtai Varsano, Ilana Jacoby, Mila Garenkin

         

        Asthma Care and Education Unit, Dept. of Pulmonary Medicine, and Epidemiology Unit, Meir General Hospital, Sapir Medical Center, Kfar Saba; and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        Inhaling drugs via hand-held inhalers in recommended for those with chronic obstructive airway disease (COPD). Approximately 8%-9% of Israel's population use hand-held inhalers, many of them pressurized. Skill in using them and ability of chronic users to learn their proper use have not been assessed.

        During 1993 and 1994 we studied 200 patients with bronchial asthma or COPD who regularly used a pressurized hand-held inhaler (PI), but were not trained to use it in our out-patient pulmonary clinic. Only a third were found to be skilled in its use. About half were completely unable to use it properly, and 17% used it in a suboptimal way. Remarkably, only 40% had been taught anything with regard to its use. About 75% of the suboptimal users significantly improved their skill in its use immediately after receiving a single individual teaching and corrective demonstration session. While 15% failed to learn the proper use of the PI, many of those who improved immediately after a single teaching session retained the learned skills for months.

        We conclude that the physician who recommends the use of a PI is responsible for the patient's being taught its proper use in a demonstration session. Skill in its use should be reassessed periodically during the entire treatment period.

        מאי 1998
        יעקב פלדמן, אברהם ירצקי וקרולה ויגדר

        Community-Acquired Pneumonia in the Elderly: Guidelines for Hospitalization

         

        Jacob Feldman, Abraham Yarezky, Carola Vigder

         

        Geriatric. Dept., Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba and Sakler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University

         

        A prospective study was carried out among elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia to determine if there are any specific features that could help in deciding whether to hospitalize, or to treat in the community. We concluded that there is no correlation between clinical presentation of pneumonia and outcome, except for impairment of consciousness. Laboratory data showed a correlation between oxygen saturation in arterial blood, levels of hemoglobin and albumin, and outcome. Sputum culture was not helpful in deciding about diagnosis and treatment, which remain empiric. These patients should be treated at home if conditions permit. Recommendations are made for improving such conditions.

        הבהרה משפטית: כל נושא המופיע באתר זה נועד להשכלה בלבד ואין לראות בו ייעוץ רפואי או משפטי. אין הר"י אחראית לתוכן המתפרסם באתר זה ולכל נזק שעלול להיגרם. כל הזכויות על המידע באתר שייכות להסתדרות הרפואית בישראל. מדיניות פרטיות
        כתובתנו: ז'בוטינסקי 35 רמת גן, בניין התאומים 2 קומות 10-11, ת.ד. 3566, מיקוד 5213604. טלפון: 03-6100444, פקס: 03-5753303