Combined Sclerotherapy and Surgery for Huge Cervical Lymphangioma
Zvi Steiner, Asher Pressman, Jorge Mogilner
Dept. of Pediatric Surgery, B'nei Zion Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine, Technion Institute of Technology, Haifa
Lymphangioma is a benign developmental anomaly of the lymphatic system located in about 40% of cases in the neck and usually completely resectable. In some cases it invades adjacent structures such as the larynx, pharynx, or tongue. In such cases it is almost impossible to resect completely, as this would endanger vital structures.
We describe a baby born with a huge cervical lymphangioma which invaded the tongue, larynx, pharynx and other cervical structures. He was treated with bleomycin and aethoxysklerol. The sclerotherapy shrank the lymphangioma considerably and it became resectable. At 2 years of age the cosmetic result is good and vital function, such as swallowing and facial expression, are preserved.