Cardiac Failure following Sting of Yellow Scorpion in an Adult
C. Kristal, I.Y. Shemesh, Y. Mishal, A. Bourvin
Intensive Care Unit, Dept. of Anesthesia and Medical Dept., Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon
3 men, aged 18, 29, and 47 had severe cardiovascular disturbances following the sting of the yellow scorpion (Leiurus quinquestriatus hebraeus), which is considered the most dangerous scorpion in Israel. Cardiovascular complications are common in children after scorpion sting, but are rare in adults. Pulmonary edema developed in 1 of those being reported and hypertension and arrhythmias in the other 2. Severe deterioration in left ventricle function was confirmed by echocardiographic measurement of diminished ejection fraction. All patients recovered completely. This is the first report of severe cardiac involvement in adults following scorpion sting. We therefor recommend that even adults who develop cardiac symptoms after scorpion sting, particularly those with chronic cardiac disease, be monitored and treated in an intensive care unit.