Does Testicular Volume Reflect Spermatogenic Pattern in Azoospermia?
David B. Weiss, Elchanan Bar-On, Shoshana Gottschalk-Sabag, Zvi Zukerman
Kupat Holim Mehuhedet and Male Infertility and Cytology Units, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem; and Andrology Unit, Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus) Petah Tikva
The aim of this study was to determine whether testicular volume can serve to predict patterns of spermatogenesis in azoospermia. In 27 tests of azoospermic infertile men, cytological specimens from several sites from each testis were obtained by fine needle aspiration. Testes were classified according to the most mature spermatogenic cell type. Classifications were testes with spermatozoa, with arrested spermatogenic development, and with only Sertoli cells. Prior to fine needle aspiration the 3 dimensions of each testis were determined ultrasonically and its volume calculated. Mean testicular volume (±SD) was 7.71 (±5.95) ml for testes with spermatozoa and 7.55 (±2.35) and 7.31 (±4.42) ml for testes with spermatogenic maturation arrest and with only Sertoli cells, respectively (differences not significant). It is concluded that testicular volume can not be used as a predictive parameter, neither for the presence of spermatozoa nor for the cytological pattern of the testes of azoospermic infertile men.