Percutaneous Ablation of Malignant Kidney Tumors in Rabbits by Low Frequency Radio Energy
Boaz Moskovitz, Ofer Nativ, Edmond Sabo, Yousef Barbara, Daniel Mordohovich, Yoseph Kaftori, Arie Shalhav, Benad Goldwasser
Bnai-Zion Medical Center and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, The Technion, Haifa
Radio-frequency (RF) current has been used successfully to ablate normal human tissue. To investigate further the clinical application of this modality in tumors, we studied the potential of using RF percutaneously to destroy experimental kidney tumors. 35 outbred albino rabbits underwent direct-implantation of renal VX2 tumor during open surgery. After 21 days, ultrasonography was performed to show tumor presence and size. A shielded RF needle was designed to be inserted percutaneously through an introduction needle. An electrical insulation shield covering the RF needle was retractable, controlling the length of exposure of the RF needle inside the tissue. 22 days after tumor implantation, RF was applied via this special needle using a ZoMed International RF generator. In one group of rabbits the procedure was performed under direct vision during open surgery, while in another group treatment was percutaneous, the needle guided by palpation of the tumor. Rabbits were killed 3 days later and revealed 4-25 mm intra-tumoral RF-induced lesions. A direct relation was found between lesion size and the power and duration of RF applied (at 7.5 W, R=0.48, and P=0.32). Based on our preliminary results we can conclude that RF may have clinical applications in the near future for percutaneous local tumor control in parenchymal organs.