Prediction of Physiological Response from Mathematical Models
Yoram Epstein, Yuval Heled, Daniel Moran, Yair Shapiro
Institute of Military Medicine, Medical Corps, Israel Defense Forces and Heller Institute of Medical Research, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer
The ability to predict the physiological responses of workers exposed to extreme environmental conditions, has been a challenge to environmental physiologists for more than 3 decades. Therefore, mathematical models have been developed to predict metabolic rate under various levels of work intensity and dynamic changes in body temperature and heart rate.
Based on the effect of exercise on the cardiovascular system, a model was developed to predict mean arterial blood pressure as a function of heart rate. Physiological strain could also be estimated on the basis of thermoregulatory and cardiovascular strains.
This paper summarizes knowledge accumulated during 25 years of studies in the field of mathematical modeling of physiological parameters. Besides analyzing the logic underlying each model, it explains the scientific approach in developing a model from its early concept to the model's application in the field.