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עמוד בית
Tue, 28.05.24

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February 2000
Jacob Bar MD, Raoul Orvieto MD, Yosef Shalev MD, Yoav Peled MD, Yosef Pardo MD, Uzi Gafter MD, Zion Ben-Rafael MD, Ronny Chen MD and Moshe Hod MD

Background: The preconception and intraconception parameters that are relevant to outcome in women with underlying renal disease remain controversial.  

Objectives: To analyze the types and frequencies of short- and long-term (2 years after delivery) maternal and neonatal complications in 38 patients with primary renal disease (46 pregnancies), most of them with mild renal insufficiency.  

Methods: Logistic regression models were formulated to predict successful outcome.  

Results: Successful pregnancy outcome (live, healthy infant without severe handicap 2 years after delivery) was observed in 98% of the patients with primary renal disease. Factors found to be significantly predictive of successful outcome were absence of pre-existing hypertension, in addition to low preconception serum uric acid level.

Conclusions: Most women with primary renal disease who receive proper prenatal care have a successful pregnancy outcome. Worse pregnancy outcome was observed in women with moderate or severe renal failure. Fitted logistic models may provide useful guidelines for counseling women with preexisting renal disease about their prospects for a successful pregnancy in terms of immediate and long-term maternal and neonatal outcome.
 

December 1999
Haya Zaltzberg MSc, Yoram Kanter MD, PhD, Michael Aviram DSc and Yishai Levy MD
Background: Atherosclerosis and microvascular complications in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes have been linked to increased oxidative stress. The glutathione redox cycle is a major determinant of the antioxidative capacity of plasma and its constituents.

Methods: We attempted to investigate plasma oxidation and plasma and erythrocyte glutathione and glutathione enzymes in 20 patients with NIDDM, compared with euglycemic matched controls. Plasma oxidation was analyzed both basally (without) and as induced by 2,2'-azobis,2-amidopropane hydrochloride measured by the generation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and lipid peroxides.

Results: There was a significant increase in oxidation both basally (without) and as induced by AAPH. Plasma glutathione was lowered by 50% (P<0.01) and erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase, glutathione s-transferase and glutathione reductase activities were lower by 30%, 27% and 46%, respectively (P<0.01) in the patients with NIDDM.

Conclusions: Confronted by increased oxidation, patients with NIDDM show an abnormal plasma and erythrocyte antioxidative capacity, which may result in an accelerated rate of complications.

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NIDOM= non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

November 1999
Klaris Riesenberg Md, Neora Pick MD, Itay Levy MD, Abraham Borer Md and Francisc Schlaeffer MD
October 1999
Arnon D. Cohen, MD, Eli Reichental, MD and Sima Halevy, MD
 Background: Cutaneous drug reactions are attributed usually to one culprit drug, however, some CDRs1 may be associated with drug interactions.

Objectives: To present a case series of foyr patients with phenytion-induced severe CDRs, including toxic epidermal necrolysis (2 patients), exanthematous eruption (1 patient) and hypersensitivity syndrome (1 patient). In all patients the reactions appeared following the combined intake of phenytion, corticosteroids and H2 blockers.

Conclusions: Our case series may imply the role of drug interactions between phenytion, corticosteroids and H2 blockers in the induction of severe CDRs.

September 1999
Ben Zion Garty, MD, Itzhak Levy, MD, and Zvi Laron, MD.
Michael Gdalevich, MD, Daniel Mimouni, MD, Isaac Ashkenazi, MD, and Joshua Shemer ,MD.
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