Lior Katz, Saleh Daher, Eran Israeli, Yaakov Maor
In non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, old age
It is a prognostic factor independent of complications, such as cardiovascular disease -
Vascular, extra-hepatic malignancy and complications of advanced liver disease. Disease
The fatty liver in the young adult population has not yet been accurately characterized.
The purpose of this work is to characterize fatty liver disease in a large population of
Tal Brosh-Nisimov, Ron Kedem, Nimrod Ofir, Omri Sheintel, Natan Keller, Sharon Amit
There is little information on the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections in Israel.
This work describes the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections among IDF soldiers and the treatment of these infections.
Shirley Gordon, Chen Goren, Idit Oz, Erez Carmon, Leah Shelef
Introduction: The use of cognitive assessments for medical diagnosis and examination
The fit for flight capability came into use in the Air Force in 2010.
The Cogscreen-AE test is a test-specific set of tests
Cognitive abilities found in correlation with flight abilities and have about it
Pilot population norms. This work presents the comparison of the Cogscreen tests averages between candidates
For a pilot course in the United States Army compared to pilot flowers in the IDF.
G. Hoffman, Yiftach Geffner, Jeffrey Stott, Matan Hoffman, Daniel Ben Dov, Shani Funk, Ido Diamant, Adam Gitner,
Jeremy Townsend, David Church, Ilan Shelef, Philip Rosen, Guy Avital, Yaakov Chen, Hagai Frenkel, Yishai Ostfeld
(β-Hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) is a derivative of acid
Believe in leucine which increases the anabolic response to exercise,
And has an anti-catabolic effect on muscle breakdown. Providing HMB
For 12-4 weeks contributes to an increase in muscle mass and strength and reduces
Markers of muscle damage (such as creatine kinase) following strenuous physical training.
Therefore, HMB is in increasing use among athletes, and due to its fitness
Increase protein synthesis and reduce its breakdown - it is used
Also in the treatment of cancer patients. Combat activity of soldiers of special units
Characterized by intense and prolonged efforts, food rationing and scarcity
Sleep. These typical conditions cause a significant decrease in muscle mass,
In endurance and strength. In a rat model that simulated continuous combat operations
HMB was found to increase protein synthesis and increase density
The bone. However, despite the possible benefits, the use of HMB
Has not yet been tested on soldiers.
The purpose of this work is to test whether HMB reduces muscle breakdown and improves abilities
The physicality and cognitive of warriors in intense physical activity conditions
Sharon Dotan, Leah Shelef, Dan Kamansky, Ron Kedem, Alexander Margolis, Eyal Hassidim
One of the most common diagnoses among the adolescent population is anxiety disorder. Many of the symptoms of this diagnosis are manifested in a variety of physical complaints, which obscure the ability to make a diagnosis.
Proper and timely treatment.
The purpose of this work is to examine the relationship between anxiety disorder and medical conditions
Others who share common symptoms with anxiety: Intestinal Syndrome
Irritability, asthma, migraine and excessive sweating.
Galit Almoznino, Ron Kedem, Alex Dobrian
The knowledge base in Israel regarding the extent of the disease and the needs
Dentistry is extremely limited, and there is no government agency in charge of collection
The data. In the State Health Insurance Bill (Amendment - Medicine
Teeth), 5769 2010 - it was determined that a national dental survey should be conducted once every five years, but this survey has never been conducted. Partial image on vista
About the morbidity can be obtained from the findings of not many surveys that have been conducted
In Israel over the years, and only a minority were performed in a representative sample.
The purpose of the work is to present the research work currently underway in the IDF
And its purpose is to measure the extent of dental, periodontal disease
And the oral as well as the risk factors for tooth decay in all the regular soldiers who applied
For dental care in military dental clinics.
Yevgeny Rosenfeld, Aharon S. Feinston, Elad Damari, Uriah Moran, Leonid Kalichman
Diagnosis of myopic trigger points (MTrPs) is a skill
Clinically impossible to perform using imaging or technology
Other. The diagnosis is made by palpation based on criteria
Published by Simons. However, no studies have yet been conducted for testing
Tactile reliability in the lower extremities.
The purpose of the work is to assess the internal and external reliability of tactility
MTrPs in the lower extremities.
Anna Lewkowski, Sivan Abbot Barkan, Leah Chapnik, Omer Doron, Yuval Levy, Yuval Heled, Erez Carmon
Physiological and metabolic processes affect the balance of fluids in the body.
Fluid loss has a direct effect on cognitive functions, in loss
Of at least 1% of body weight, and physiological, in loss of at least 2%.
Optimal cognitive function is necessary for air crew members (ACA) to perform
The mission. To maintain a proper fluid balance, drink a sufficient amount of
Fluids that will compensate for the loss of fluid excreted in sweat during flight. The purpose of this work is to examine the rate of fluid loss in a military flight.
Zeev Zalewski, Yevgeny Biderman
In general, it is very important to develop the ability to monitor vital signs
from afar. This study deals with a special technology based on a laser beam
And a fast camera. The mode of operation of this technology is to examine the motion of
Patterns of secondary speckle patterns formed in part
The top of the observed object is illuminated by a laser beam. technique
This enables non-contact remote monitoring of vital signs. With the signs
The essentials examined are: heart rate, respiration rate, pulse pressure
(The difference between systolic and diastolic pressure), blood clotting and oxygen saturation
In the blood. These parameters are measured in a wide range of routine and emergency situations. diverse
The instruments used to measure them are based on a selection of technology types.
Most existing devices require contact with the object they are interested in
To monitor. Some of them are even invasive, so it is impossible to use the methods
These are for remote monitoring. There are several optical methods for monitoring some of the signs
The essential ones, one of which is the system proposed in this study, a system
Modular that allows monitoring of vital signs from any position and position.
The purpose of this work is to develop a means of monitoring vital signs - heart rate, rhythm
Breathing, pulse pressure, blood clotting and oxygen saturation in the blood - remotely, without contact
And efficiently, as well as improving technology and minimizing, out-of-laboratory realization.
Adi Leiba, Keren Zilka, Noam Ben-Yosef, Saar Mincha, Hagai Frenkel
In 2016, the Central Command held three training platforms
Medical teams with the help of simulators: Vertebral training in the simulation center
At Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer, the arrival of MSR teams in the units
("Message on Wheels"), and an independent divisional simulator-based training.
The purpose of the work is to compare the three forms of simulator-based training, with two
Plains: professionalism and quality of instruction and learning on the one hand, and connection to the field,
Including the human and ethical complexities of Judea and Samaria, on the other hand.
Nir Geter, Alex Schatz, Ahmad Abu-Juma, Nimrod Grisero, Zeev Kaplan, Doron Todar
The use of neurofeedback as a method for improving cognitive abilities
Gaining momentum in recent years. The neurofeedback method allows
Train different aspects of brain activity, thus improving performance
The brain, the cognitive and motor performance and the experience
The emotional of the trainees.
This study examined the validity of the use of neurofeedback training
To create cognitive change. This is done by examining the suitability of the flu
Cerebral location neurofeedback is based on subjects' performance in computational tasks
And the predictions of a well-known and powerful theory in the field of arithmetic processing.
Ben Simon-Piatkowski, Lilach Gavish, Lynn Wagnert-Avraham, David Kushnir, David Gretz, Gal Yaniv, Arik Eisenkraft
Bleeding shock such as that present in field-level trauma leads to injury
Ischemic in a wide variety of organs, including the small intestine, liver, and lungs
And in the kidneys. Distant conditioning induced ischemia (MRA) was examined in the selection
Pathological conditions, and was found to be able to reduce morbidity and mortality. On
It was also decided to test whether it would also have an effect on trauma injuries. within
Experiments in a controlled bleeding model in the pig that test a variety of effects of
Pre-conditioning, it was decided to focus on the above target organs.
The aim of the work is to examine the histopathological changes in target organs and biochemical parameters in a controlled bleeding model in pig, with and without preconditioning.
Oren Schwartz, Itzik Malka, Triff Bader
Overuse injuries are the leading cause of medical eagle and loss
Training days in the basic training of fighters in the armies of the world. Injuries
These impair the competence of the combat units due to the loss of training days
And a decrease in the physical fitness of the fighters. On top of that they are in the exam
A huge economic and health burden, being the main reason for doctor visits
In basic training and for the consumption of medical services during and after the service.
The IDF does not systematically monitor these injuries, and therefore there is no up-to-date information
Regarding their rates, the types of injuries common and the main injury mechanisms.
Present to the IDF decision-makers an up-to-date picture
Regarding the rates of injuries among novices in the basic training, and regarding areas
Injuries and common mechanisms, to enable informed decision making
In this important field in terms of the health of the fighters and the competence of the units.
Oren Schwartz, Said Abdullah, Sergei Kotikov, Itzik Malka, Triff Bader
Stress fractures are an overuse injury that causes loss of training days
Relative relative to other injuries, and also a sensitive marker of incidence
Overuse injuries in general in combat units. In the medical literature sex
A female is considered a significant risk factor for developing stress fractures. In the IDF, it was decided
Recently opened the combat roles for women in a sweeping way and almost without
restriction. This decision may have far-reaching implications in terms of
The health of the fighters and the ability of their units to carry out their missions.
The purpose of the work is to present decision makers with an up - to - date snapshot of
Prevalence of stress fractures and their location among combatants, in order to better understand
The extent of the phenomenon and the common areas of injury and help their hand to get
Make informed decisions in the matter, while trying to reduce their awe
Of these fractures in particular and of overuse injuries in general.
Ella Dor, Tali Pechersky, Yossi Lavie, Michal Steiner, Arik Eisenkraft
Respiratory exposure to chemicals leads to formation
Reactive Airway Dysfunction Syndrome (RADS, probably by
Activation of TRPV channels. The information on this issue is missing, and there is no treatment at the field level
To reduce damage.
The aim of this work is to establish a mouse model for lung injury of the RADS type that will allow the examination of various means of treatment for first responders.
Eran Galili, Elor Zehavi, Yehuda Tzadik, Tom Caspi, Dror Tal
About a quarter of Navy sailors suffer from seasickness. Line treatment
The first given by the doctor is scopolamine. Previous studies have found
That this drug reduces salivation by about half. In situations of
A significant reduction in salivary secretion was found to increase the risk of caries. Risk
It has not been tested in scopolamine treatment.
The purpose of this work is to test whether treatment with scopolamine, an anti-cholinergic drug
The cause of a significant reduction in salivation is a risk factor
For the development of tooth decay.
Dror Ofir, Yoav Yanir, Mirit Einan, Ben Aviner, Adi Biram, Michael Molokondov, Ronen Bar, Yehuda Arieli
There are a variety of respiratory protection systems in the world, as well as in Israel
To protect the respiratory system from chemical, biological or radiological damage.
These systems should be used by the entire age range of the population,
Including adults and the elderly, two groups in which decline can be identified
In respiratory function. This process includes, but is not limited to: (a) decreased function
Respiratory muscles; (B) an increase in respiratory resistance; (C) Decreased elasticity
Of the lungs; (D) Decreased thoracic responsiveness. These processes may
Cause a decrease in the ability of the respiratory system to respond to environmental changes,
Including an increase in carbon dioxide concentrations or a decrease in oxygen concentrations
The ambitious. Despite this, it is common to examine respiratory safety
Using a respirator simulator or a young population test
And healthy only.
Objective: To examine the effect of age on respiratory safety, as
Which is reflected in the concentrations of the inhaled gases, when wearing a protective mask
Of the "sapphire" type.
Yuri Poner, Shir Shemi, Gil Kaminski-Greif, Guy Wiener, Dov Hershkovitz, Dror Tal
Seasickness is a common problem among crew ships
The sea, and it has a great influence on the ability of the crews to function.
Today the usual drug treatment is based on trabamine, Stonron
And Couls. The absorption of the drugs and their level in the blood are individual. currently,
The effectiveness of the drugs is assessed by trial and error: the soldiers are exposed
For sailing on the vessel while handling and monitoring the effect of the drugs.
A neurophysiological test to evaluate the effectiveness of the drug in a timely manner could
Save a lot of suffering from staff members. This type of test will also lead to a process
Of adjusting the optimal drug in an individual way, pre-exposure
To sea conditions.
The various drugs in the field act in a mechanism of vestibular suppression.
The organ that monitors the most provocative acceleration in seasickness is
The scale, as part of the otolithic organs in the equilibrium system.
CVEMP - Assessing the potential of the aroused cervical muscle
Vestibular, is the test of choice for scale function.
The hypothesis of the study is that the scolar suppression will be reflected in the indices
Objective: To compare the cVEMP response between pharmacotherapy and in vitro,
And thus constitute a neurophysiological tool for the evaluation of drug absorption.
Ben Aviner, Dror Ofir, Yehuda Matan Danino, Yehuda Arieli, Mirit Einan
Combat divers usually stay in the water for long periods of time,
From a few hours to more than 10 hours. Seawater temperature varies
Throughout the year, and with it the quality of the thermal protection of the divers,
Expressed in a wetsuit they wear. The clothing and equipment that carry
Divers also vary according to the nature of the mission. A combination of these two factors
Led to the fact that sometimes during the winter, due to operational activity,
The need arose to reduce the level of thermal protection, and to use a suit
A minute. But this may have an effect on the risk of developing the disease
In addition, during the stay in the water the diver is not physically active
For long periods of time, the risk of hypothermia may increase.
The purpose of this work is to perform a core temperature measurement and manual function of combat divers
During and after prolonged exposure to cold water without exercise.
Galit Almoznino, Moshe Spiegel, Ron Kedem, Alex Dobrian
Diagnosis of a wide range of oral and maxillofacial lesions
Is an essential part of dental practice. Flat lichen
planus) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin and mucous membranes that is common
In the population it is at the rate of 2% -0.1%. The disease can manifest itself in the skin,
Mouth mucosa, genital mucosa, scalp and nails.
Objective: To characterize patients with flatulence in aspects
Demographic and in the context of dental, periodontal and general morbidity.
Yael Ankry, Yoram Brab, Oded Meiron, Doron Todar, Idit Oz, Shirley Gordon
An environment laden with stimuli and working in stressful conditions are known to be harmful
In cognitive function and as reducing the ability to mobilize and conserve resources
To perform a defined task in front of distractors (managerial attention), as happens
For example in combat situations. One of the brain regions known to be responsible for managerial attention is the prefrontal dorsal-lateral cortex.
(dlPFC). Direct cross-skull electrical stimulation (tDCS) is a technique
For transmitting very low electric current through the skull to target areas,
For the purpose of changing the sensitivity threshold of the neurons, in order to transform the region
To be more sensitive to endogenous activity. This technique has been proven to be effective for improvement
Attention performance and is considered safe.
Objective: To explore the possibility of improving managerial attention through
tDCS implemented in dlPFC, in healthy subjects subjected to load conditions
Cognitive and emotional stress.
Itai Katko, Natan Shipman, Savyon Mazgauker, Chen Fleischman, Danit Atias, Ofir Frenkel, Yuval Heled, Ran Janovich
In recent years, emphasis has been placed on the development of new technologies
For the production of fabrics and for sewing the garment, which will give it functional properties
Allowing work and combat alongside maximum evaporation of sweat and thermal properties
Improved. Therefore, the clothing division in the Tel Aviv branch of Tel Aviv approached the institute
For the study of warrior medicine, in order to conduct research to examine work clothes
For permanent personnel and new combat clothing in front of work uniforms (Monday uniform)
The purpose of the work is to perform an assessment of the physiological strain induced during physical exertion
Under medium heat load conditions, as part of a physiological examination of work clothes
And combat clothing that the IDF is considering equipping for its forces.
Sebastian Tomasco, Yehuda Tzadik
During my services as a physician in a dental clinic at a training base
The recruits of the Nahal Brigade, I noticed quite a few cases of injuries
In teeth caused by a blow from the personal weapon. Due to the large number of sabotage cases,
It was decided to investigate whether there are differences in the percentage of personal weapon sabotage between
Various training bases of infantry recruits. In the Golani, Givati and Nahal divisions
Micro-Tabor is used as a personal weapon, while in the Kfir Brigades
And paratroopers personal weapons during the training period is M16. The training track
Of infantry fighters is relatively uniform and lasts about seven months on average, a period
Which splits into two main trends, quite identical in length: basic training
And advanced training.
The objectives of the work are: (1) to determine whether the type of personal weapon used by the novice is a decisive factor in the rates of dental injuries during the training period; (2) point to other connections, if discovered.
Tamar Lachish, Mark Eshos, Olga Grokhovsky, Tami Halperin
In April 2015, an earthquake struck Nepal. More than 7,400 sons
A person was killed in this natural disaster and about 14,000 were injured. An IDF delegation left
To assist the victims of the disaster and set up an Israeli military field hospital in Nepal.
The hospital in Nepal operated for 12 days, during which the staff treated medical staff, who, among other things, operated a capable microbiological laboratory
Isolate samples taken from sterile sites, using culture
On selective substrates, phenotypic characterizations and resistance tests
For antibiotics, analyzed according to CLSI guidelines.
Bacteria-resistant antibiotics Multi Drug Resistance are common
Worldwide, but especially in developing countries due to sanitation conditions
Poor, limited access of the local population to clean water
And flows and into sewer systems, the lack of oversight of the widespread supply of antibiotics
Range as well as hiker movement that allows the distribution of plasmids and clones between
The purpose of this work is to study the mechanisms of antibiotic resistance among a group
This unique generator is generated by collecting bacterial strains over a period of time
The activities of the hospital.