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עמוד בית
Sun, 03.03.24

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January 2018
Raifa Ivanova MD PhD, Maya Goremykina MD PhD, Natalya Glushkova MD PhD and Sandro Vento MD
May 2017
Francesca Cainelli MD, Dair Nurgaliev MD PhD, Kadischa Nurgaliyeva MD, Tatyana Ivanova-Razumova MD, Denis Bulanin PhD and Sandro Vento MD
October 2014
Elisabetta Borella MD, Lavinia Palma MD, Margherita Zen MD, Silvano Bettio MD, Linda Nalotto MD, Mariele Gatto MD, Marta Domeneghetti MD, Luca Iaccarino MD, Leonardo Punzi and Andrea Doria MD
Autoinflammatory (AIF) and autoimmune (AIM) diseases are chronic immune disorders characterized by dysregulation of the immune system. Most AIF diseases are monogenic diseases which lead to hyperactivation of the inflammasome and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-18, resulting in tissue inflammation. Besides, the main feature of autoimmune diseases is the loss of tolerance of the adaptive immune cells against self antigens. Most AIF diseases are polygenic and numerous immune pathogens are involved in organ damage. The involvement of some AIF-associated mechanisms in AIM diseases, i.e., the activation of the inflammasome and the role of IL-1, was recently recognized. Moreover, some single nucleotide polymorphisms of the inflammasome genes have been proven to be involved in the development of AIF-related inflammatory features in autoimmune patients. These observations raise the possibility of using some anti-inflammatory drugs, like IL-1 antagonists, in autoimmune diseases with autoinflammatory features. 
March 2014
Aleksandra Djokovic, Ljudmila Stojanovich, Milica Kontic, Natasa Stanisavljevic, Slavica Radovanovic and Dragomir Marisavljevic
Background: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS, also known as Hughes syndrome) may manifest itself as a primary or secondary disease, most commonly with systemic lupus erythemathosus (SLE) and various cardiac manifestations. 

Objectives: To report the first results from the Serbian National Cohort study, which was started in January 2000.

Methods: Our study included 374 patients: 260 primary APS patients and 114 SLE patients with secondary APS. Antiphospholipid antibody (aPL) analysis included detection of anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) (immunoglobulin G and M), ß2-glycoprotein 1, and lupus anticoagulant. Echocardiography was performed in all patients, and data on myocardial infarction, unstable angina, chronic cardiomyopathy and acute heart failure were collected.

Results: There were 30.7% secondary APS patients and 9.2% primary APS patients with pseudo-infective endocarditis (P = 0.0001). Cardiac manifestations were observed in 28.7% of patients who had more than one type of antibody (category I), in 24.1% with category IIa, in 23.1% with category IIb, and in 27.8% with category IIc (P = 0.78). Age was confirmed as a significant factor for cardiac manifestations in APS patients (52.3 and 43.3 years, respectively, P = 0.001). aCL IgG and IgM positivity was related to valvular changes in all APS patients and high levels of those antibodies increased the risk of these manifestations.

Conclusions: Patients with secondary APS had a higher prevalence of valvular lesions, and some aPL types and high levels of aPL were risk factors for specific cardiac manifestations in APS patients.

March 2010
S. Vano-Galvan, B. De la Hoz, R. Nunez and P. Jaen
December 2007
S. Vano-Galvan and T. Alonso-Jimenez
October 2004
February 2003
November 2001
Anna Ghirardello, PhD, Andrea Doria, MD, Sandra Zampieri SciBiol, Pier Franca Gambari, MD and Silvano Todesco, MD
Jan Dequeker, MD, PhD, FRCP Edin, Guy Fabry, MD, PhD and Ludo Vanopdenbosch, MD

Background: At the start of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010, a paleopathologic study of the physically disabled may yield information and insight on the prevalence of crippling disorders and attitudes towards the afflicted in the past compared to today.

Objective: To analyze “The procession of the Cripples,” a representative drawing of 31 disabled individuals by Hieronymus Bosch in 1500.

Method: Three specialists - a rhumatologist, an orthopedic surgeon and neurologist - analyzed each case by problem-solving means and clinical reasoning in order to formulate a consensus on the most likely diagnosis.

Result: This iconographic study of cripples in the sixteenth century reveals that the most common crippling disorder was not a neural form of leprosy, but rather that other disorders were also prevalent, such as congenital malformation, dry gangrene due to ergotism, post-traumatic amputations, infectious diseases (Pott’s, syphilis), and even simulators. The drawings show characteristic coping patterns and different kinds of crutches and aids.

Conclusion: A correct clinical diagnosis can be reached through the collaboration of a rheumatologist, an orthopedist and neurologist. The Bone and Joint Decade Project, calling for attention and education with respect to musculoskeletal disorders, should reduce the impact and burden of crippling disease worldwide through early clinical diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

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