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עמוד בית
Fri, 19.07.24

Original Articles

IMAJ | volume

Journal 9, September 2003
pages: 626-628

Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Seropositivity in a Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinic in Israel

    Summary

    Background: Seroepidemeliogic surveys have provided valuable information on the prevalence and incidence of herpes simplex virus-2 infection in general and in selected populations.

    Objective: To review the reliability of traditional diagnostic approaches in herpes simplex virus-2 infection.

    Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 472 patients attending a clinic for sexually transmitted disease in 1998-1999 were evaluated for HSV-2 infection through collection of epidemiologic and clinical data.

    HSV-2 infection was confirmed by the presence of specific Viral glycoprotein, gG-2, antibody in sera.

    Results: The seroprevalence of HSV-2 among clinic attendees was 9.33%. Of these attendees only 22% presented with or reported a history of typical vesicular lesions in the genital area. Infection rate was  higher in patients with multiple sex partners (20.8% vs. 8.7%, P< ( 0.0023 in individuals aged 30 or older (12.6 vs. 6.4%, P = 0.03) and  in the Israeli Jewish population as compared to the Israeli Arab population (11.1% vs. 2.4%, P ~ 0.01). Females with multiple sex partners exhibited higher rates of infection than did their male counterparts (50 vs. 16.1%, P < 0.0275(.

    Conclusion: The findings support the need for HSV-2 serologi  testing in patients presenting to STD clinics even when typical genital  lesions are not evident but where risk factors for HSV-2 infection are  identified.

     

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