• IMA sites
  • IMAJ services
  • IMA journals
  • Follow us
  • Alternate Text Alternate Text
עמוד בית
Wed, 28.02.24

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

IMAJ | volume 24

Journal 12, December 2022
pages: 847-850

Risk Factors for Superficial Thrombophlebitis: A Retrospective Case Control Study

1 Department of Internal Medicine A, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel 2 Department of Emergency Medicine, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel 3 Department of Intensive Care Unit, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel 4 Department of Internal Medicine B, Beilinson Hospital, Petach Tikvah, Israel 5 Department of Cardiology, Rabin Medical Center (Beilinson Campus), Petah Tikva, Israel 6 Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

Summary

Background:

Data regarding risk factors for superficial thrombophlebitis (STP) cases presenting to a hospital is limited.

Objectives:

To investigate and stratify clinical and laboratory risk factors for STP

Methods:

We conducted a retrospective case control study comparing patients presenting to the emergency department with STP and age- and gender-matched controls. We collected data on multiple risk factors and five blood indices.

Results:

The study comprised 151 patients and matched controls. Patients with STP were more likely to have varicose veins (43.7% vs. 5.3%, P < 0.001), recent immobilization (14.6% vs. 1.3%, P < 0.001), obesity (36.4% vs. 18.5%, P = 0.001), a history of venous thromboembolism (VTE) or STP (27.2% vs. 0.7%, P < 0.001), and inherited thrombophilia (9.3% vs. 1.3%, P = 0.002). Following multivariate analysis, all five risk factors remained significant, with a history of VTE or STP associated with the largest risk (odds ratio [OR] 35.7), followed by immobilization (OR 22.3), varicose veins (OR 12.1), inherited thrombophilia (OR 6.1), and obesity (OR 2.7). Mean platelet volume was higher (8.5 vs 7.9 fl, P = 0.003) in STP cases.

Conclusions:

A history of VTE or STP, immobilization, varicose veins, inherited thrombophilia, and obesity serve as independent clinical risk factors for STP presenting to hospital.

Legal Disclaimer: The information contained in this website is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal or medical advice on any matter.
The IMA is not responsible for and expressly disclaims liability for damages of any kind arising from the use of or reliance on information contained within the site.
© All rights to information on this site are reserved and are the property of the Israeli Medical Association. Privacy policy

2 Twin Towers, 35 Jabotinsky, POB 4292, Ramat Gan 5251108 Israel