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עמוד בית
Wed, 12.06.24

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July 2018
Yeela Ben Naftali MD, Irit Chermesh MD, Ido Solt MD, Yolanda Friedrich MD and Lior Lowenstein MD

Background: Abnormal gestational weight gain (GWG) has been associated with adverse outcomes for mothers and their offspring.

Objectives: To compare the achievement of recommended GWG and lifestyle factors in women with high-risk versus normal-risk pregnancies.

Methods: Pregnant women hospitalized in a gynecological and obstetrics department and pregnant women who arrived at a community clinic for a routine checkup were interviewed and completed questionnaires relating to weight gain and lifestyle factors (e.g., smoking, diet, exercise). Recommended GWG was defined by the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).

Results: GWG higher than ACOG recommendations was reported by 52/92 women (57%) with normal pregnancies and by 43/86 (50%) with high-risk pregnancies. On univariate analysis, characteristics associated with greater GWG were: current or past smoking, age > 40 years, pre-gestational body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m2, low fruit intake, and high snack intake. High-risk pregnancies were associated with pre-gestational BMI > 25 kg/m2 (48% vs. 27%, P = 0.012), consumption of vitamins (84% vs. 63%, P = 0.001), avoidance of certain foods (54% vs. 21%, P = 0.015), receiving professional nutritionist consultation (65% vs. 11%, P = 0.001), and less physical activity (9% vs. 24%, P = 0.01).

Conclusions: A minority of pregnant women met the recommended GWG. No difference was noted between normal and high-risk pregnancies. High-risk population tended to have a less healthy lifestyle. Counseling to follow a healthy, balanced diet should be recommended, regardless of pregnancy risk, with particular attention to women at high risk of extra weight gain.

May 2017
Yeela Ben Naftali MD, Ido Solt MD, Lior Lowenstein MD and Irit Chermesh MD

Background: Both high and insufficient weight gain during pregnancy have been associated with adverse outcomes for mothers and their offspring.

Objectives: To describe self-reported weight gain during pregnancy, assess the concurrence of this weight gain with issued recommendations, and investigate associations between lifestyle factors and weight gain.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 109 pregnant women hospitalized in one gynecological and obstetrics department completed questionnaires related to weight gain and lifestyle factors such as smoking, diet and exercise. Recommended weight gain was defined by the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and was compatible with the Ministry of Health guidelines in Israel.

Results: Fifty-three (49%) participants reported weight gain above the recommendation, 31 (28%) met the recommendations and 25 (23%) reported weight gain below the recommendations. Characteristics associated with high weight gain included past smoking and/or age above 36 years and/or body mass index (BMI) above 25 kg/m2. Only 34 women (31%) reported seeking professional nutritional counseling during pregnancy. An increased tendency to consult a nutritionist was reported among diabetic women.

Conclusion: Only a minority of women gained the recommended weight during pregnancy. High BMI and/or a history of smoking and/or older age were associated with weight gain above recommendations. Particular effort should be directed toward counseling women at high risk of weight gain during pregnancy.

August 2001
Irit Chermesh, MD, Ofer Ben-Izhak, MD and Rami Eliakim, MD
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