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עמוד בית
Wed, 24.07.24

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February 2013
O. Halshtok Neiman, S. Sadetzki, A. Chetrit, S. Raskin, G. Yaniv and C. Hoffmann
 Background: MRI differentiation between metastases and high grade gliomas is a challenging task. Contrast enhancement and size of edema do not provide clear-cut differentiators. The differences in the properties of the peritumoral edema between these tumor types may be exploited to distinguish between them, using MRI perfusion sequences, which are capable of imaging edema in the clinical setting and may be a reliable method to make this differentiation.

Objectives: To assess the ability of perfusion-weighted imaging to differentiate between high grade gliomas and brain metastases.

Methods: During 5 months, 21 patients (age 40–85, median age 61, 16 males and 5 females) with either glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) or metastasis (pathology proven), underwent MRI for assessment of the tumor prior to surgery. Most of the scans were done at 3 Tesla. The scans included perfusion-weighted imaging sequences. Perfusion in the tumor, in the peritumoral edema and in normal tissue were assessed using Functool® software. The ratios of tumor perfusion and peritumoral edema perfusion to normal tissue perfusion were calculated and compared.

Results: Bleeding artifact precluded perfusion assessment in four patients. There was no statistically significant difference between the tumor perfusion ratios of high grade gliomas and those of metastases. The edema perfusion ratios were higher in GBM than in metastases (P = 0.007).

Conclusions: Perfusion-weighted imaging of peritumoral edema can help to differentiate between GBM and metastases.

May 2011
I. Kushnir and T. Tzuk-Shina

Background: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an ultimately fatal disease that affects patients of all ages. Elderly patients (65 years and older) constitute a special subgroup of patients characterized by a worse prognosis and frequent comorbidities.

Objectives: To assess the efficacy of different treatment modalities in terms of survival in elderly patients with GBM1.

Methods: Using retrospective analysis, we extracted, anonymized and analyzed the files of 74 deceased patients (aged 65 or older) treated for GBM in a single institution.

Results: Mean survival time was 8.97 months and median survival time 7.68 months. Patients who underwent tumor resection had a mean survival of 11.83 months, as compared to patients who underwent no surgical intervention or only biopsy and had a mean survival of 5.22 months (P < 0.0001). Patients who underwent full radiation treatment had a mean survival of 11.31 months, compared to patients who received only partial radiotherapy or none at all and had a mean survival of 4.09 months (P < 0.0001). Patients who underwent chemotherapy had a mean survival 12.4 months, compared to patients who did not receive any chemotherapy and had a mean survival of 5.89 months (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: Age alone should not be a factor in the decision on which treatment should be given. Treatment should be individualized to match the patient’s overall condition and his or wishes, while taking into consideration the better overall prognosis expected with aggressive treatment.
 

April 2001
Ausim Azizi, MD, PhD, Perry Black, MD, Curtis Miyamoto, MD and Sidney E. Croul, MD

Background: The impact of repeated surgical resection on the survivorship of patients with malignant astrocytomas is an issue of some controversy in the medical literature.

Objectives: To clarify this issue through a retrospective analysis of treatment outcomes in a brain tumor clinic.

Methods: The patient records from the Brain Tumor Clinic at Hahnemann University Hospital for the period 1988 to 2000 were reviewed. From these, 112 cases of glioblastoma multiforme and 50 cases of anaplastic astrocytoma were chosen for analysis.

Results: The group of patients with glioblastomas showed a median survival of 415 days. When analyzed as subgroups based on the number of surgical resections, the median survival was 393 days in the group with biopsy only, 380 days in the group with one surgical resection, and 548 days in the group with two or three resections. Using the Kaplan-Meier method to generate survival plots and the log rank test to compare groups, repeat debulking was found to be a significant predictor of survival (P= 0.1 73). The group of patients with anaplastic astrocytomas showed a median survival of 1,311 days. When analyzed by subgroups, the patients with biopsy only had a median survival of 544 days, those with one debulking 1,589 days and those with two or three debulkings 1,421 days. There was a trend toward increased survival with debulking and the log rank test again showed statistical significance (P 0.1998).

Conclusions: This study indicates that repeated surgical resections offer increased survival for both glioblastomas and anaplastic astrocytomas.
 

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