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עמוד בית
Tue, 23.07.24

Original Articles

IMAJ | volume 10

Journal 7, July 2008
pages: 494-498

Serum Cytokine Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha and Interleukin-6 Associated with the severity of Coronary Artery Disease: Indicators of an Active Inflammatory Burden?

    Summary

    Background: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory process resulting in coronary artery disease.

    Objectives: To determine the relationship between inflammatory markers and the angiographic severity of CAD[1].

    Methods: We measured inflammatory markers in sequential patients undergoing coronary angiography. This included C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, serum cytokines (interleukin-1 beta, IL-1[2] receptor antagonist, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha), all measured by high sensitivity enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay.

    Results: There was a significant correlation between TNFα[3] and the severity of CAD as assessed by the number of obstructed coronary vessels and the Gensini severity score, which is based on the proximity and severity of the lesions. Patients had more coronary vessel disease (> 70% stenosis) with increasing tertiles of serum TNFα; the mean number of vessels affected was 1.15, 1.33, and 2.00 respectively (P < 0.001). IL-6 correlated with the Gensini severity score and coronary vessel disease (> 70% stenosis). A weaker correlation was present with IL-1 receptor antagonist. A significant correlation was not found with the other inflammatory markers. After adjustment for major risk factors, multivariate analyses showed that significant independent predictors of CAD vessel disease were TNFα (P < 0.05) and combined levels of TNFα and IL-6 (P < 0.05). IL-6 levels were independently predictive of Gensini coronary score (P < 0.05).

    Conclusion: TNFa and IL-6 are significant predictors of the severity of coronary artery disease. This association is likely an indicator of the chronic inflammatory burden and an important marker of increased atherosclerosis risk.



    [1] CAD = coronary artery disease

    [2] IL = interleukin

    [3] TNFa = tumor necrosis factor-alpha

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