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עמוד בית
Sun, 21.04.24

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July 2018
Hagay Orbach MD, Nimrod Rozen MD PhD, Guy Rubin MD, Eytan Dujovny MD and Noam Bor MD

Background: Supracondylar humerus fractures are the most common elbow fractures in the pediatric population.

Objectives: To evaluate the outcomes of French's corrective osteotomy for correction of post-traumatic cubitus varus deformity in children.

Method: We conducted a retrospective review of medical charts of all patients who had undergone French's corrective osteotomy in our institution from 1998 to 2012. We recorded range of motion, cosmetic deformity, carrying angle, lateral cortex prominence index, hyperextension, and lateral cortex step before and after the surgery.

Results: Seven patients were enrolled the study. Average follow-up time was 4.6 years (range 2–9 years). An average of 18.3º of limited flexion (range 5º–35º) compared to the healthy elbow was recorded in three patients. Lateral condylar prominence was recorded in one patient. The average preoperative carrying angle was -20.5º (range -15º–30º) and postoperative angle was 9.6º (range 7º–13º). In comparison, the average carrying angle in the healthy elbow was 8.5º (range 4º–13º). No lateral cortex prominence was recorded. An average of 27.5º (range 15º–35º) of hyperextension of the distal fragment was recorded immediately postoperatively in four patients; however, during postoperative follow-up, the hyperextension was corrected spontaneously in all patients.

Conclusions: As described by French, osteotomy has the ability to correct the varus deformity only in the coronal plane. However, our research supports the assumption that hyperextension in the sagittal plane might be corrected spontaneously.

December 2004
E. Segev, E. Ezra, Y. Binyamini, S. Weintroub and J. Ben-Chaim

Background: Bladder exstrophy is a severe congenital defect that requires a multidisciplinary treatment approach. Soft tissue repair may be successful during the first few days after birth but a combination of pelvic osteotomies and bladder reconstruction is necessary later in life. The combination of externally fixed anterior and posterior osteotomies has biomechanical advantages over previous techniques for achieving primary bladder closure.

Objectives: To describe our experience with a combined vertical and horizontal pelvic osteotomy approach for the repair of bladder exstrophy.

Methods: Four children underwent bladder exstrophy closure; the mean age at surgery was 19 months (range 9–33 months)... We stabilized the osteotomies with a small Synthes AO external fixator, 4.0 mm rod diameter.

Results: All four patients had successful bladder repair with no dehiscence; two of them achieved partial continence, and bladder neck reconstruction is planned for the other two. Three of the four patients sustained neurologic injury; two completely recovered, and the third continues to suffer from right drop foot. The average follow-up was 39 months (range 10–60 months).

Conclusions: Vertical and horizontal pelvic osteotomies stabilized by external fixator and bladder repair is an effective treatment for bladder exstrophy.

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