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עמוד בית
Sun, 23.06.24

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September 2018
Shachar Naor MD DVM, Osnat Sher MD, Galia Grisaru-Soen MD, Dror Levin MD, Ronit Elhasid MD, Yuval Geffen MD, Dov Hershkovitz MD PhD and Asaf Aizic MD
January 2008
L. Weiss, A.M. Botero-Anug, C. Hand, S. Slavin and D. Naor

Background: Standard CD44 and its alternatively spliced variants were found to be associated with the metastatic potential of tumor cells and with cell migration of autoimmune inflammatory cells, including cells involved in experimental insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

Objectives: To investigate whether induction of anti-CD44 immune reactivity, through cDNA vaccination, could attenuate IDDM[1] in a transfer model of NOD mice.

Methods: Our vaccination technique involved the insertion of CD44s[2] or CD44v[3] cDNA into a silicone tube filled with a 2.5 cm long segment of hydroxylated-polyvinyl acetate wound dressing sponge (forming a virtual lymph node) which was implanted under the skin of male NOD recipients reconstituted with diabetogenic spleen cells of female NOD donors. The VLN[4] were implanted 20 days before and 3 days after cell transfer.

Results: In contrast to control groups of recipient mice, recipients vaccinated with VLN loaded with CD44v or CD44s cDNAs developed resistance to IDDM almost to the same extent. Our results suggest that the gene vaccination effect was mediated by anti-CD44 antibody rather than by cellular immunity. Histopathological examinations revealed a significant protection of pancreatic islets in the DNA-vaccinated recipients, whereas the islets of control recipients of diabetogenic cells were almost totally destroyed.

Conclusions: These findings may open new opportunities for IDDM therapy in the future.






[1] IDDM = insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

[2] CD44s = standard CD44

[3] CD44v = CD44 variants

[4] VLN = virtual lymph node 


December 2000
Zvi H. Abramson, MD, MPH and Vered Cohen-Naor, MD
 Background: Influenza is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. While immunization has been shown to reduce these complications, many of the elderly are not immunized.

Objective: To identify correlates for under-utilization of influenza immunization among the elderly.

Methods: A telephone survey was conducted among a random sample of patients aged 65 and over registered at a Jerusalem primary care community clinic. The 626 questionnaires were analyzed for associations of immunization receipt for the latest influenza season. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify independent correlates. Respondents were also asked what factors had influenced their decision about immunization.

Results: The most frequently reported influence on getting immunized was a physician's recommendation. Immunization was independently associated with the identity of the primary care physician (P0.0001) and with having visited the physician during the previous 3 months (P=0.0006). Immunization was more likely among persons who believed that it provides complete protection from influenza (P0.0001) and less likely among those who believed immunization can cause influenza (P0.0001). Higher immunization rates were also associated with being married (P=0.0031).

Conclusion: Through their influence on patient knowledge and the effect of their recommendation, primary care physicians play a pivotal role in determining immunization rates. Physicians should routinely discuss the effects of immunization and recommend it to the elderly.

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