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עמוד בית
Fri, 01.03.24

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January 2023
Alina Weissmann-Brenner MD, Vered Yulzari MD, Eran Kassif MD, Michal Zajicek MD

Background: Advances in examination techniques have improved routine assessment of non-gynecological structures in the pelvis.

Objectives: To describe the sonographic features of incidental urological abnormalities found during gynecological transvaginal ultrasound.

Methods: A retrospective descriptive analysis of patients who underwent gynecological ultrasound and were diagnosed with urologic findings was performed. The sonographic features of the findings including size, echogenicity, and vascularity were examined.

Results: Gynecological ultrasound diagnosed urological findings in nine women. Two had primary neoplasms of the urinary bladder, one had metastases to the urinary bladder, one had polyps in the distal ureters, four presented with calculus in the distal ureters (one of them was 19 weeks pregnant), and one showed diverticulum of the urethra. At presentation five women (56%) had urinary complaints. Two patients (22%) with abdominal pain with distal ureteral calculi had normal transabdominal ultrasound targeted to the urinary system prior to the gynecological sonography.

Conclusions: Transvaginal ultrasound is useful in the diagnosis of urological abnormalities, mainly in the urinary bladder and the distal ureters. We suggest adding transvaginal assessment for female patients with urinary complains in whom transabdominal ultrasound of urinary system was unremarkable.

Ron Skorochod B MED Sc, Eli Ben-Chetrit MD, David Raveh MD, Bashar Fteiha MD, Yehonatan Turner MD, Yitzhak Skorochod MD

Acute cholecystitis is a common surgical diagnosis. If not addressed properly, it can potentially lead to sepsis, perforation of the gallbladder, and even death.

The most frequent pathogens isolated from bile cultures of patients with cholecystitis are anaerobes and Enterbacterales such as E. coli, Klebsiella species, and Streptococcus species [1].

Streptococcus gordonii belongs to the Viridians streptococci group of oral bacteria and is commonly associated with dental caries. S. gordonii has been previously reported as the causative pathogen in both endocarditis and spondylodiskitis [2]. However, it has rarely been associated with biliary infections. In this report, we presented a patient diagnosed with cholecystitis associated with S. gordonii infection.

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