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עמוד בית
Sun, 25.02.24

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February 2023
Baruch Wolach MD, Ziv Lenzner MD

Leonardo da Vinci was a man of art and science. He became the archetype of the Renaissance era. Leonardo exhaustively studied the proportions of the body, drawing Vitruvian Man in 1490. It is regarded as a universal cultural icon. Leonardo's anatomical illustrations were of notable precision, and he is still considered as the pioneer of modern anatomy. We focus on Leonardo's masterpiece Virgin of the Rocks, which displays the intersection between his prodigious artistic talent and his commitment to science. This master painting discloses discordance between the artist's vast anatomical knowledge and its actualization in the painting. Consequently, many enigmas arise: How could the expert of anatomy, considered as the canon man of proportions, paint anatomical errors and why did he not actualize his knowledge in the painting? Was this an error or intentional? Could the painting techniques he used explain optical illusions that distorted the images? Was he so far ahead of his time that he did not feel compelled to paint realistically, but rather preferred to let his imagination and creativity run free? Some 500 years after Leonardo da Vinci's death, there is no one answer, but there is room for much speculation.

October 2021
Baruch Wolach MD, and Ofir Wolach MD

Leonardo da Vinci, the artist and scientist, was an archetype figure of the Renaissance era. He was an autodidactic polymath in natural sciences, engineering, and physical sciences, imbued with universality, prodigious inventive imagination, and curiosity to know and understand the world around him. Among his myriad activities, anatomy, physiology, and biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system and the underlying systems fully engaged him. Leonardo dissected dozens of human and animal corpses to study. His anatomical illustrations were precise, combining art and science with an impeccable integration of both. Multiple drawings, diagrams, sketches, and designs are found in his notes. Leonardo’s style was intensely personal, unveiling his thoughts, passions, and emotions. We analyzed significant biographic aspects of Leonardo's life, remarking on his scientific and life conceptions and their manifestation in his anatomical designs. The contribution of preceding anatomists is reported as a source of his inspiration as well as motivation to successors. Leonardo da Vinci left no publications, but rather an extensive collection of personal notebooks. Leonardo's contribution to modern anatomy was enormous and he is considered by the scientific and medical community as the father of the modern anatomy

August 2004
J. Dequeker, E. Muls and K. Leenders

The painting Mona Lisa in the Louvre, Paris, by Leonardo da Vinci (1503–1506), shows skin alterations at the inner end of the left upper eyelid similar to xanthelasma, and a swelling of the dorsum of the right hand suggestive of a subcutaneous lipoma. These findings in a 25–30 year old woman, who died at the age of 37, may be indicative of essential hyperlipidemia, a strong risk factor for ischemic heart disease in middle age. As far as is known, this portrait of Mona Lisa painted in 1506 is the first evidence that xanthelasma and lipoma were prevalent in the sixteenth century, long before the first description by Addison and Gall in 1851.

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