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עמוד בית
Tue, 28.05.24

IRON SWORDS

IMAJ | volume 25

Journal 12, December 2023
pages: 795-796

Analysis of Scientific Publications on the Gaza–Israeli Conflict

1 Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada 2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, United States 3 Segal Cancer Center, Lady Davis Institute of Medical Research, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Summary

Background:

The Gaza–Israeli conflict poses challenges for unbiased reporting due to its complexity and media bias. We explored recent scientific publications to understand scholarly discourse and potential biases surrounding this longstanding geopolitical issue.

Objectives:

To conduct a descriptive bibliometric analysis of PubMed articles regarding the recent Gaza–Israeli conflict.

Methods:

We reviewed 1628 publications using keywords and medical subject headings (MeSH) terms related to Gaza, Hamas, and Israel. We focused on articles written in English. A team of researchers assessed inclusion criteria, resolving disagreements through a third researcher.

Results:

Among 37 publications, Lancet, BMJ, and Nature were prominent journals. Authors from 12 countries contributed, with variety of publication types (46% correspondence, 32% news). Pro-Gaza perspectives dominated (43.2%), surpassing pro-Israel (21.6%) and neutral (35.1%) viewpoints. Pro-Gaza articles exhibited higher Altmetric scores, indicating increased social media impact. Pro-Israel publications were predominantly authored by Israelis.

Conclusions:

The prevalence of pro-Gaza perspectives underscores challenges in maintaining impartiality. Higher social media impact for pro-Gaza publications emphasizes the need for nuanced examination. Addressing bias is crucial for a comprehensive understanding of this complex conflict and promoting balanced reporting.

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