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עמוד בית
Wed, 19.06.24

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

IMAJ | volume 25

Journal 9, September 2023
pages: 627-630

Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Events in Fibromyalgia Patients

1 Rheumatology Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, Messina, Italy 2 Area of Immunology, Department of Functional Biology, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain 3 Department of Metabolism, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Principado de Asturias (ISPA), Oviedo, Spain 4 Cardiology Unit, Brotzu Hospital, Cagliari, Italy 5 Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Hermanas Hospitalarias, Villa San Benedetto Menni Hospital, Como, Italy 6 Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Milan, Italy

Summary

Background: Several studies have shown that patients with fibromyalgia present with neuroendocrine, inflammatory, and coagulation features linked to cardiovascular disease development. However, the exact profile of cardiovascular risk factors and events in fibromyalgia remains to be defined.

Objectives: To compare the profile of cardiovascular risk factors and events between fibromyalgia outpatients and the general population in Italy.

Methods: Cardiovascular risk factors and events in fibromyalgia females were collected using the criteria adopted in the CUORE Project.

Results: The study comprised 62 female fibromyalgia patients and 4093 female controls from 35 to 75 years of age. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, transient ischemic attack, and cardiovascular total burden was significantly higher in fibromyalgia females than in the general Italian population. No difference was found in blood fasting glucose, triglycerides, total and fractionated cholesterol levels, body mass index, and metabolic syndrome (MetS). The MetS rate was underestimated for methodological aspects.

Conclusions: Fibromyalgia is associated with an increased cardiovascular burden, probably through a specific risk factor profile.

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