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עמוד בית
Fri, 21.06.24

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

IMAJ | volume 25

Journal 7, July 2023
pages: 462-467

Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) in the Multidisciplinary Management of Morbidly Adherent Placenta

1 Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and Pain Treatment, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, affilliated with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel 2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, affilliated with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel 3 Vascular Surgery Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, affilliated with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Summary

Background:

Morbidly adherent placentation (MAP) increases the risk for obstetric hemorrhage. Cesarean hysterectomy is the prevalent perioperative approach. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a minimally invasive and relatively simple endovascular procedure to temporarily occlude the aorta and control below diaphragm bleeding in trauma. It has been effectively used to reduce obstetric hemorrhage.

Objectives:

To evaluate whether REBOA during cesarean delivery (CD) in women with morbidly adherent placentation is a safe and effective treatment modality.

Methods:

We introduced REBOA for CD with antepartum diagnosis of MAP in 2019 and compared these patients (RG) to a standard approach group (SAG) treated in our center over the preceding year, as a control. All relevant data were collected from patient electronic files.

Results:

Estimated blood loss and transfusion rates were significantly higher in SAG; 54.5% of SAG patients received four RBC units or more vs. one administered in RG. No fresh frozen plasma, cryoprecipitate, or platelets were administered in RG vs. mean 3.63, 6, and 3.62 units, respectively in SAG. Ten SAG patients (90.9%) underwent hysterectomy vs. 3 RG patients (30%). Five SAG patients (45%) required post-surgical intensive care unit (ICU) admission vs. no RG patients. Bladder injury occurred in five SAG cases (45%) vs. 2 RG (20%). One RG patient had a thromboembolic event. Perioperative lactate levels were significantly higher in SAG patients.

Conclusions:

Use of REBOA during CD in women with MAP is safe and effective in preventing massive bleeding, reducing the rate of hysterectomy, and improving patient outcome.

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