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עמוד בית
Sat, 25.05.24

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

IMAJ | volume 25

Journal 6, June 2023
pages: 398-401

Insulin Detemir Versus Glibenclamide in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Retrospective Cohort Study

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel 2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel 3 Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

Summary

Background:

Treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been shown to improve both maternal and neonatal outcomes. For women with GDM who require glucose-lowering medication, insulin is regarded as the drug of choice by most medical societies. Oral therapy, with metformin or glibenclamide, is a reasonable alternative in certain medical circumstances.

Objectives:

To compare the efficacy and safety of insulin detemir (IDet) vs. glibenclamide for GDM when glycemic control cannot be achieved through lifestyle modification and diet.

Methods:

We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of 115 women with singleton pregnancy and GDM treated with IDet or glibenclamide. GDM was diagnosed via the two-step oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) of 50 grams glucose, followed by 100 grams. Maternal characteristics and outcomes (preeclampsia and weight gain) and neonatal outcomes (birth weight and percentile, hypoglycemia, jaundice, and respiratory morbidity) were compared between groups.

Results:

In total, 67 women received IDet and 48 glibenclamide. Maternal characteristics, weight gain, and the incidence of preeclampsia were similar in both groups. Neonatal outcomes were also similar. The proportion of large for gestational age (LGA) infants was 20.8% in the glibenclamide group compared to 14.9% in the IDet group (P = 0.04).

Conclusions:

In pregnant women with GDM, glucose control on IDet yielded comparable results as on glibenclamide, except for a significantly lower rate of LGA neonates.

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